CHP-255-The History of Xinjiang Part 12

In this final 12th episode we'll look at Xinjiang from 1885 to 1949.  More unrest, well intentions gone wrong, Soviet subterfuge and two East Turkestan Republics.  And after all the events that happened going back to Qianlong, Xinjiang finally goes out out with a whimper in 1949 with the Communist PLA takeover.  We'll look at the rogues gallery of Xinjiang governors / warlords who ran the place from 1912 to 1949. I hope you enjoyed this twelve part series. If you want to learn more you're in luck. The amount of books (including serious academic works), scholarly papers, web resources and videos that are out there, should be able to satisfy you to no end.

History
Published: Aug. 24, 2020, 12:04 a.m.

CHP-254-The History of Xinjiang Part 11

In this penultimate episode of the series Laszlo introduces some of the major happenings in Xinjiang during the waning decades of the Qing Dynasty.  After a brief glance at Yaqub Beg and his time in the limelight during the turbulent 1860's and 1870's. We'll finish off with Zuo Zongtang and the Qing re-conquest of Xinjiang. 

History
Published: Aug. 10, 2020, 12:01 a.m.

CHP-253-The History of Xinjiang Part 10

Laszlo is back with more History of Xinjiang.  The focus this time in Part 10 will be on the Qing Dynasty during the emperors Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong. The rise and fall of the Zunghar Khanate will also be explored, as well as the violent and tragic aftermath following the Zunghars defeat.    

History
Published: July 27, 2020, midnight

CHP-252-The History of Xinjiang Part 9

This episode we'll look at the 13th to 17th centuries, Yuan to Qing. After the final end of the Chagatai Khanate it's going to be non-stop wars, alliances and betrayals in this portion of Central Asia. The Zunghars will emerge as a new power in Xinjiang that posed a threat to the new Qing Dynasty. That will lead to all kinds of trouble that we'll look at next episode.

History
Published: July 13, 2020, 12:01 a.m.

CHP-251-The History of Xinjiang Part 8

After inserting that 10-Year Anniversary special 7-Part program in between last episode (Part 7) and this one, we're back with more Xinjiang in Part 8.  Lots of action happening during the 9th to 13th centuries.  We start off with the great Uyghur diaspora that followed after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in 840.  In this episode we'll see what happened to them after they arrived in Gansu and Xinjiang.  We'll also skim the surface to review the Kara-Khanid and Kara-Khitai Khanates who both had such a profound influence on shaping the future development of Central Asia and the spread of Islam. 

History
Published: July 2, 2020, midnight

CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 1

Back in November 2010 when I started the China History Podcast I presented a two-part series on the visit to China in 1972 of Richard Nixon.  Those were the old episodes CHP-008 and 009.  I retired those from the back catalog and would like to present this total makeover version instead.  Here is Part 1 of a seven part series that will come your way over the next 2 weeks. The reason I chose this topic over so many others is this. Looking at the seemingly hopeless state of US-China relations at this time in 2020, it's important to remember we were in similar circumstances before and still found a way to hold our noses and get along with each other all these years.  The US and China are racing  along a dangerous path right now and maybe there's something we can learn in looking back at those years between 1969-1972. Admittedly these are vastly different times compared to then.  We can work it out. In Part 1 this time we'll get an overview of just how bad US and PRC relations were between 1949 to 1969.

History
Published: June 16, 2020, 12:03 a.m.

CHP-250-The History of Xinjiang Part 7

In this arguably milestone 250th episode we finally get around to the Uyghurs. Their ancient history is discussed and how they rose from one of several tribes in a Turkic confederation to their own Khaganate. The Tang Dynasty is finished off and a new religion (not Manichaeism, Nestorian Church, Buddhism, or Zoroastrianism) will start knocking on China's door.

History
Published: June 15, 2020, midnight

CHP-249-The History of Xinjiang Part 6

We finally make it to the Tang Dynasty and their Protectorate to Pacify the West.  Their adventures out in Xinjiang lasted off and on for about a hundred and fifty years.  In this episode I'll try and sort out the major events and players who made up this high point in Silk Road trade.  The history in Xinjiang was dominated by Tang China, various Turkic tribes and a very powerful and warlike Tibetan Empire.

History
Published: May 29, 2020, 10:16 p.m.

CHP-248-The History of Xinjiang Part 5

The saga continues, and how exciting it's becoming! The Göktürks, the Sui Dynasty, Buddhism galore and lots of historic times to all starting to happen. In this Part 5 episode the plot thickens and Xinjiang is getting a facelift. In a few hundred years you will hardly recognize it.  

History
Published: May 17, 2020, 4:04 p.m.

CHP-247-The History of Xinjiang Part 4

This episode we bid farewell to the Han Dynasty and hello to a long period of a disunited China. The states and kingdoms of the basins of Xinjiang catch a bit of a break. We take a quick look at a few of the kingdoms of the southern Tarim Basin as well as Turpan. And what episode would be complete without some nomadic bad guys causing the Chinese so much stress? We also look at the Rouran and the Hephthalites.

History
Published: May 2, 2020, 8:24 p.m.

CHP-246-The History of Xinjiang Part 3

More Han Dynasty for you in this Part 3 episode with a special focus on the great diplomat and general Ban Chao.   Back in those Han Dynasty days Xinjiang was still considered very far away and not so easy to hold onto.  From the Han till the Tang, as Silk Road riches continue to grow along the trade routes, China will be in and out of the Western regions and face all kinds of competition for the great wealth contained within the Tarim and Turpan basins.

History
Published: April 20, 2020, 12:02 a.m.

CHP-245-The History of Xinjiang Part 2

In this Part 2 episode we leave pre-history behind and look at Xinjiang's importance during the Qin and Han dynasties. Here is where the Han Chinese interaction with these lands far to the west began. Though a good portion of today's episode doesn't actually take place in Xinjiang, the story of the Yuezhi, Xiongnu, Zhang Qian and rise of Han Dynasty China is central to everything that follows later. 

History
Published: April 6, 2020, 12:01 a.m.

CHP-244-The History of Xinjiang Part 1

In this CHP episode we start a new multi-part series that looks at the history of the land known today as Xinjiang. This series will cover about 4000 years of history starting in this episode with the Tarim Mummies.

History
Published: March 23, 2020, midnight

CHP-243-Kawashima Yoshiko Part 3

In this final installment introducing the life and death of Kawashima Yoshiko we look at the last decade and a half of her strange and tragic life.  Last episode her star was on the rise.  But after 1933 it's one long slow steady decline into madness and despair. 

History
Published: March 8, 2020, 11 p.m.

CHP-242-Kawashima Yoshiko Part 2

We continue on with Part 2 of the strange life of the Manchu Princess, Kawashima Yoshiko.  Now she's on her own, in China, without any "adult supervision" and in full sartorial splendor.  The early years of the 1930's are presenting a few opportunities for Yoshiko after making all kinds of new "friends" in Shanghai.    

History
Published: Feb. 24, 2020, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-241-Kawashima Yoshiko Part 1

We leave the warlords behind but not the time period. This time, in this first of a three part series, we examine the strange and tragic life of Kawashima Yoshiko. Born a princess in the Manchu Qing royal family, she went on to have quite an extraordinary life. In this Part 1 episode we'll look at her early days and rehash some old Qing Dynasty history from the 17th century

History
Published: Feb. 10, 2020, 12:31 a.m.

CHP-240-The Warlord Era Part 10

In this concluding episode we close the book on this China Warlord Era overview that began in 1916 and lingered on and on until 1930.  By the time it was over Japan was on the cusp on their invasion of Manchuria plunging China into another national crisis.  In Part Ten we'll look at Zhang Zongchang's Warlord Rebellion in Northeast Shandong and a special focus on Liu Zhennian, the Red Spears and the Central Plains War.

History
Published: Jan. 27, 2020, midnight

CHP-239-The Warlord Era Part 9

As the Northern Expedition ramps up and the Warlord Era starts to wind down, there's still plenty of action and violence to go around. In this episode we look at the events following the Shanghai Massacre when Chiang and his "ally" Wang Jingwei take the fight to Zhang Zuolin's northern warlord alliance. The Manchurian Warlords meets his end in this episode. We'll finish off the series next time in Part 10.

History
Published: Jan. 11, 2020, 2:20 p.m.

CHP-238-The Warlord Era Part 8

Part 8 in this series first presents a brief overview of "The Model Governor" Yan Xishan and his home province of Shanxi. After some daring moves on Chiang Kai-shek's part, he bests his opponents and takes control of the KMT and the National Revolutionary Army. Under his command, Chiang launches the Northern Expedition. This episode will focus on the fateful years of 1926-1927.

History
Published: Dec. 30, 2019, midnight

CHP-237-The Warlord Era Part 7

In this Part 7 episode, the decade of battling warlords is coming to an end.  Anhui and Zhili, then Zhili and Fengtian...and then Zhili and Fengtian again...The last of these series of clashes between warlords contending for supremacy in China will be the Anti-Fengtian War (covered in this very episode).  After 1925 everyone had had enough with these military governors.  Was anyone going to step up and take them on and deal with the warlords once and for all?  In these final years it won't be warlords fighting each other as much as they will be fighting for their own survival.

History
Published: Dec. 16, 2019, 12:11 a.m.

CHP-236-The Warlord Era Part 6

Things were looking on the up and up for Wu Peifu after his defeat of Zhang Zuolin in the First Zhili-Fengtian War. In this episode we look at the years 1922-24 and the Second Zhili-Fengtian War.  And you can't talk about the Second Zhiuli-Fengtian War without also mentioning the Jiangsu-Zhejiang War. The Christian Warlord Feng Yuxiang is featured in this episode.  Besides the old stalwarts, also mentioned in this episode will be Lu Yongxiang, Qi Xieyuan, Sun Chuanfang and Zhang Zongchang. Still have a few more major warlords to go before we come to the end of this tale.

History
Published: Dec. 2, 2019, 12:05 a.m.

CHP-235-The Warlord Era Part 5

In Part 5 Laszlo gives the backstory to the Anhui-Zhili War and introduces another warlord, the famous Zhang Zuolin…The Manchurian Warlord.  With this civil war within the Beiyang Organization, the unity that existed since the time of Yuan Shikai is smashed.  We'll look at the very brief war between the forces of Duan Qirui and their Zhili opponents led by Wu Peifu as well as the aftermath up to and including the First Zhili-Fengtian War, 1922-1924.

History
Published: Nov. 18, 2019, 12:08 a.m.

CHP-234-The Warlord Era Part 4

The saga continues with the splintering of the Beiyang Army into factions or cliques who will battle each other for supremacy of the government. Hubei military governor Wang Zhanyuan will be examined as one of the textbook examples of how these generals evolved into warlords. Zhili Clique leaders Cao Kun and Wu Peifu will also be introduced.

History
Published: Nov. 2, 2019, 7:05 p.m.

CHP-233-The Warlord Era Part 3

The saga continues as the demise of Yuan Shikai is followed by the rise of Duan Qirui and Feng Guozhang. The Beiyang Military machine begins to crack into two main factions or cliques. This episode we will also hear about the exploits and imperial dreams of the Mafoo Warlord, Zhang Xun. And as the world mainly focused on the Great War in Europe, these two years of 1917-1918 were filled with so many momentous events in Republican China.

History
Published: Oct. 21, 2019, midnight

CHP-232-The Warlord Era Part 2

We looked at the setup for the Warlord Era last episode.  This time in Part 2 we focus on the rise and fall of Yuan Shikai and all the measures he took between 1911-1916. These all primed the pump for the Warlord Era that followed his sudden death in June 1916.    

History
Published: Oct. 6, 2019, 11:59 p.m.

CHP-231-The Warlord Era Part 1

After years of requests to cover this topic Laszlo finally gets around to the history of China's Warlord Era that lasted from 1916 to 1928 and into the Nanjing Decade. In this Part 1 episode Laszlo gives some background into the historical developments that led to the rise of, who some call, the first warlord, Yuan Shikai.

History
Published: Sept. 23, 2019, midnight

CHP-230-Pirate and Mongol Slayer Qi Jiguang

In this episode Laszlo introduces one of the great military heroes of the Ming Dynasty. Though rather well-known to Chinese who went through the public school systems of Greater China, little is known of him elsewhere. Qi Jiguang helped to rid the China coast of pirates (Wōkòu) and through his epic Great Wall restoration engineering project he kept the Mongol menace at bay and preserved the Ming Dynasty for an additional half century. His two military treatises were required reading into modern times and he contributed greatly to the introduction of Chinese martial arts into the military as a training regimen.

History
Published: Sept. 9, 2019, 12:01 a.m.

Special Episode: China Tripping Part 1

In this special CHP episode produced in partnership with the 21st Century China Center at the University of California-San Diego, I am honored and privileged to host a discussion with the three editors of the new book "China Tripping - Experiencing the Everyday in the People's Republic." I hope you will delight in this program brought to you in two parts. It was both riveting and insightful for me to hear Paul Pickowicz, Perry Link and Jeremy Murray speak about the making of the book and listening to their own excerpts that were as brief as they were rich and meaningful.  I hope you'll enjoy this as much as I enjoyed being the host.  https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781538123690/China-Tripping-Encountering-the-Everyday-in-the-People%E2%80%99s-Republic Jeremy A. Murray is Associate Professor of History at California State University, San Bernardino. Perry Link is Chancellorial Chair for Teaching Across Disciplines at the University of California, Riverside. Paul G. Pickowicz is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History and Chinese Studies at the University of California, San Diego. 

History
Published: Sept. 6, 2019, 6:20 p.m.

Special Episode: China Tripping Part 2

In this special CHP Part 2 episode produced in partnership with the 21st Century China Center at the University of California-San Diego, I am honored and privileged to host a discussion with the three editors of the new book "China Tripping - Experiencing the Everyday in the People's Republic." I hope you will delight in this program brought to you in two parts. It was both riveting and insightful for me to hear Paul Pickowicz, Perry Link and Jeremy Murray speak about the making of the book and listening to their own excerpts that were as brief as they were rich and meaningful.  I hope you'll enjoy this as much as I enjoyed being the host.  https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781538123690/China-Tripping-Encountering-the-Everyday-in-the-People%E2%80%99s-Republic Jeremy A. Murray is Associate Professor of History at California State University, San Bernardino. Perry Link is Chancellorial Chair for Teaching Across Disciplines at the University of California, Riverside. Paul G. Pickowicz is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History and Chinese Studies at the University of California, San Diego. 

History
Published: Sept. 6, 2019, 1:45 p.m.

CHP-229-The Walled City of Kowloon

Laszlo finally gets around to one of the most requested topics of all time. In this episode the history behind the Kowloon Walled City is introduced from its humble beginnings starting in the Southern Song to its later demolition during the early 1990's. 

History
Published: Aug. 25, 2019, 11:53 p.m.

CHP-228-The Seven Great Singing Stars of Shanghai Part 3

We finish off the series on the Seven Great Singing Stars of Shanghai by examining the lives of the three remaining women, Li Xianglan, Yao Li and Zhou Xuan. Yao Li sadly passed away only a month ago on July 19. I hope you enjoyed this little three-part overview covering the lives of many of these early 20th century singers and musicians who gave us this amazing sound that's still enjoyed by millions around the world. Check the links below or search for any of the seven stars introduced. Their music is freely available all over the internet and on Spotify.

History
Published: Aug. 11, 2019, 1:39 p.m.

CHP-227-The Seven Great Singing Stars of Shanghai Part 2

In this second part of the series Laszlo and special guest Spun Counterguy introduce Bai Hong, Bai Guang, Gong Qiuxia and Wu Yingyin.  These four superstars of that golden era of music and entertainment left behind a string of hits that still inspires feelings of reminiscence for those days gone by.  Yao Li, who sadly passed away recently on July 19, 2019 as well as Li Xianglan and Zhou Xuan will be covered in Part 3.

History
Published: July 28, 2019, 10:09 p.m.

CHP-226-The Seven Great Singing Stars of Shanghai Part 1

In this latest CHP installment Laszlo finally gets around to introducing The Seven Great Singing Stars of old Shanghai whose performing skills on the silver screen and on 78 records provide us with a nostalgic glimpse of long gone and controversial era. In this Part 1 episode we will focus on the one who made it all possible, the talented Li Jinhui. Mr. Spun Counterguy from the "In the Corner Back By the Woodpile" podcast joins Laszlo to assist in telling this story.  Next time in Part 2 we'll look at the first four of these Seven Great Singing Stars of 1930's and 40's Shanghai.

History
Published: July 15, 2019, midnight

CHP-225-The History of Tang Poetry Part 8

The CHP 8-Part series on the history of Tang Poetry concludes with this episode that looks at the lives of three more poets:  Li He, Du Mu and Li Shangyin.  And for an encore Laszlo will recite poems from all three of these greats.  The Late Tang period of Chinese poetry was marked with all the signs of an imperial house in decline.  It was a sad and melancholy time and quite a few Late Tang poems expressed the hopelessness felt during these sorrowful years.

History
Published: June 30, 2019, 11:49 p.m.

CHP-224-The History of Tang Poetry Part 7

In this seventh installment of the history of Tang poetry we move on to the Middle Tang period. While the poetry might not be as celebrated as that produced during the High Tang, there were still many figures beloved in their own time and all through the centuries. We'll look at three of them in this episode: Bai Juyi, Yuan Zhen and Xue Tao. Next episode we'll finish off the series with the Late Tang poets.

History
Published: June 16, 2019, 4:38 p.m.

CHP-223-The History of Tang Poetry Part 6

Laszlo finishes up the High Tang period of Chinese poetry. Wang Wei and Meng Haoran are showcased in this episode.

History
Published: June 2, 2019, 2:06 a.m.

CHP-222-The History of Tang Poetry Part 5

This is the Du Fu episode. Along with Li Bai, discussed last episode, he's considered the greatest poet in Chinese history. That's of course a matter of opinion. We'll take a brief look at the rough road Du Fu had to walk most of his years. In addition to looking at his life we'll hear a few of his regulated verse poems.

History
Published: May 19, 2019, 11:39 p.m.

CHP-221-The History of Tang Poetry Part 4

Li Bai is showcased in this fourth installment of Laszlo's not very deep dive into the history of Tang poetry. We're still in the High Tang period of Chinese poetry. This episode will focus more on Li Bai's story (and legend) rather than an in-depth analysis of his poetry. He, along with several other poets from this time are cultural icons and treasures of the Chinese people. Check the links and resources for other scholarly and biographical info on Li Bai, Du Fu and other great Tang poets. This episode is especially geared towards those CHP listeners who may have never heard these names before.

History
Published: May 5, 2019, 1:47 p.m.

CHP-220-The History of Tang Poetry Part 3

Finally in this part 3 episode Laszlo gets to the Tang poetry part of the series. After finishing up some of the good stuff that came out of the Six Dynasties, we'll get a first look at the Early and High Tang periods. More poets and more great poetry compilations will also be introduced. A lot of names and titles of works this episode. Feel free to check the terms from the episode and read up on some of them. Plenty of links to translated works of Classical Chinese poetry. If this series is piquing your interest, even a little, there's a whole world out there for you to explore.

History
Published: April 21, 2019, 4:13 p.m.

CHP-219-The History of Tang Poetry Part 2

In Part 2 Laszlo will finish up an overview of pre-Tang poetry and show where everything went from the Classic of Poetry and Songs of Chu.  Fu rhapsodies, Yue Fu poetry and the works from the Jian'an era will be introduced.  Tang poetry didn't arise out of nothing.  It was the collective genius and creativity of all these pre and post-Qin Chinese literati who built the foundation that the Tang masters built on. Please come back for Part 3 where we'll finally get to the early Tang (maybe).

History
Published: April 8, 2019, 12:22 a.m.

CHP-218-The History of Tang Poetry Part 1

In this first of a series introducing the history of the development of Chinese poetry, Laszlo focuses on the two most important works from Pre-Qin China.  These were the Classic of Poetry and the Songs of Chu. Though we will not get to the Tang Dynasty in this episode, we'll look at what came prior and how each new style impacted newer emerging styles of poetry. The life of Qu Yuan and Chu Kingdom will also be introduced.

History
Published: March 24, 2019, 10:54 p.m.

CHP-217-The History of the Hokkien People Part 2

Laszlo continues his shallow dive into the Hokkien people with a focus on the history of the Hokkien diaspora who populated many cities and towns throughout Southeast Asia.    

History
Published: March 9, 2019, 2:55 p.m.

CHP-216-The History of the Hokkien People Part 1

We're back in ancient times once again, this time looking at the homeland of the Hokkien people. As we've done with other groups of Southern Chinese (Teochew, Toi San, Hakka) this time Laszlo provides a broad overview of the people from the south of Fujian Province, the Hokkien or Hoklo people.  Before we get into the Qing era diaspora, Laszlo focuses on how Fujian developed from a land populated by Yuè people to a part of Han Dynasty China with a focus on the Minyue Kingdom.

History
Published: Feb. 26, 2019, 12:29 a.m.

CHP-215-V.K. Wellington Koo Part 2

In this longer than expected Part 2 episode we look at Wellington Koo's role in the Paris Peace Conference and all the drama that surrounded this historic event from one hundred years ago.  Then we'll look at the rest of Koo's career as a statesman, diplomat and later as a judge.  

History
Published: Feb. 10, 2019, 7:13 p.m.

CHP-214-V.K. Wellington Koo Part 1

With the centenary of the Paris Peace Conference now upon us this month, I thought this would be the perfect opportunity to commemorate the event by introducing the life of Wellington Koo.  In this first of a two-part series we will look at the historical events that shaped his early life and career.  In this Part 1 episode we will look at the backstory and setup to the Conference.  Then in Part 2 we will look at the dramatic events that went on between January and April 1919 as well as the latter half of Wellington Koo's life.

History
Published: Jan. 27, 2019, 7:04 p.m.

CHP-213-The History of the Jewish Refugees in China Part 6

In this final episode of the series Laszlo introduces the Shanghai Ghetto, the final years of WWII and the aftermath.  Please check the show notes at the web site for all kinds of books and videos from this period.  Thanks to everyone who made it through all six episodes.

History
Published: Jan. 12, 2019, 4:51 a.m.

CHP-212-The History of the Jewish Refugees in China Part 5

The drama continues with the final arrivals of European Jewish refugees into Shanghai, 1941-42. Afterwards, the China option, that had previously served as a safety net for Jews seeking refuge far from the Nazi's, was no longer available. Sugihara Chiune, Tadeusz Romer, Laura Margolis and others are also introduced in this episode. The series will conclude in the next episode.

History
Published: Dec. 30, 2018, 2:10 a.m.

CHP-211-The History of the Jewish Refugees in China Part 4

Laszlo looks at Japanese attitudes towards the Jews and how it affected their treatment in Shanghai.  The focus will be on the year 1939, when the the greatest wave of Jewish refugees arrived in Shanghai. Then we will look at a little known tidbit from history concerning a plan championed by Sun Ke (son of Sun Yat-sen) to  rescue of Europe's Jews.

History
Published: Dec. 17, 2018, 1:30 a.m.

CHP-210-The History of the Jewish Refugees in China Part 3

This third episode in a series examining the history of the Jewish refugees who found sanctuary on the east coast of China, focuses on escalating events in Europe around 1938-1939. With the consolidation of Hitler's rise, it didn't bode well for many Jews. As the countdown to Kristallnacht gets closer the situation becomes more urgent and Shanghai as a destination becomes more popular. The great humanitarian He Fengshan (何凤山) will also be introduced.

History
Published: Nov. 29, 2018, 3:47 a.m.

CHP-209-The History of the Jewish Refugees in China Part 2

With the story of the Harbin Jews mostly out of the way, Laszlo moves on to the smaller and less known Jewish community of Tianjin.  Then as the 1930's unfolds and after Hitler came to power, our story shifts to the European Jews. In this episode we'll look at the events leading up to Kristallnacht November 1938. In Part 3 we'll focus on 1938 and 1939.

History
Published: Nov. 18, 2018, 3:51 a.m.

CHP-208-The History of the Jewish Refugees in China Part 1

Laszlo is back with a new series that looks at the history of the Jewish refugees who came to China during the first part of the twentieth century. In this episode, after a long drawn out intro that examines a bit of background on Jewish history, Laszlo explains how many Jews made their way to China to escape hard times back home. In the next episode the story will continue with more from Harbin, Tianjin and Shanghai. All Yiddish and Jewish terms from this episode can be found in the usual list of terms that accompanies each episode.

History
Published: Oct. 22, 2018, 4:21 p.m.

CHP-207-The Forgotten Chinese Labour Corps

In commemoration of the American Labor Day Holiday, Laszlo brings you a rather forgotten tale from the annals of Chinese modern history. Discussed in previous CHP episodes, the Chinese Labour Corps played a thankless but critical role in the allied victory over Germany in WWI. Who could have predicted the series of events that would happen as a result of the story of these men and the subsequent peace treaty that didn't recognize them or their country. When it was over in early 1919, the Chinese people woke up and took appropriate action. Happy Labor Day!!! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: Sept. 1, 2018, 12:06 a.m.

CHP-206-Robert van Gulik and Judge Dee

In this episode Laszlo introduced the great Nederlander Robert van Gulik. In his relatively short life van Gulik made a name for himself as a scholar, diplomat and writer. His sixteen novels featuring the "stern but fair-minded" Judge Dee offered his worldwide readership a peak into 7th century Tang China society. Judge Dee was based on the historical person Di Renjie, an important official and minister of state during the reign of Empress Wu Zetian. Van Gulik was fascinated with the Chinese "gong'an" detective novel genre of literature and did a lot to popularize it around the world. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: Aug. 16, 2018, 1:30 a.m.

CHP-205-Ing “Doc” Hay, Lung On and the Kam Wah Chung

Laszlo presents another story from the annals of Chinese-American history. This one takes place during the Exclusion years and spotlights the Chinese colony of Eastern Oregon. This is the story of Ing "Doc" Hay and his lifelong friend and business partner Long On, two Toi Son immigrants who built their American dream on the frontier. Ing Hay was a trained Chinese herbal doctor and pulsologist and he brought this unique skill to the American West. This isn't your typical American immigrant story but then again, Ing Hay and Long On weren't your typical immigrants. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: July 20, 2018, 6:56 p.m.

CHP-204-The History of Chinese Martial Arts, Wing Chun and Ip Man Part 2

We continue on from last episode's overview of the Chinese martial arts history timeline. Today we zero in on the history and (mostly) legends behind the Wing Chun style of king fu.  We'll also look at Grandmaster Ip Man and all those Wing Chin greats who came before him going back to the founder Ng Mui (Wu Mei).I wanted to emphasize that almost all of what we know about Wing Chun today was passed down orally before it was written down late in its history.  We only know the names of the great masters mentioned in this episode, through the stories and legends that were told and re-told to successive generations of Wing Chun martial artists. Thanks to Detroit attorney and unofficial Wing Chun ambassador Michael Benkstein for all the support and input that went into this series. And thanks also to Peter Söderbaum for his kind comments

History
Published: June 24, 2018, 10:30 p.m.

CHP-203-The History of Chinese Martial Arts, Wing Chun and Ip Man Part 1

Don't be fooled by the title. Wing Chin and Ip Man will be covered next episode. Today's the first in a two part series that offers up a survey of the development of martial arts in China from the mythical times of the Yellow Emperor to the present day. Let's look at the China history timeline once more, with feeling, and see how these martial arts embraced by millions and millions around the world slowly developed through the centuries. This will serve as the setup to next episode when we zero in on one particular style of martial arts and one of its best known masters. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: June 16, 2018, 3:51 a.m.

CHP-202-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 6

From Zhao Tuo to the present day, the history of the relations of these two great countries and frenemies is a great story. In this episode we enter the 20th century and explore the end of French domination in Indochina, Vietnam's fight to unify the country and the most recent Sino-Viet history. All three Indochina Wars will be discussed and the outcomes they produced. Although this six-part series was only a simple 走马看花 overview of the subject, I hope anyone not schooled in the basics of this history is leaving the table satisfied. Cảm ơn đã lắng nghe! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: May 11, 2018, 1:39 p.m.

CHP-201-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 5

The series picks up in the early part of the Later Lê and finishes off in the 19th century with the arrival of La France and the beginnings of Indochine. Many heroes from Vietnam history will make appearances in this episode. Be sure to come back next time for the exciting conclusion of this overview of China-Vietnam Relation. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: May 1, 2018, 2:44 a.m.

CHP-200-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 4

In this landmark two-hundredth episode Laszlo carries the story of China-Vietnam forward, beginning with the three Mongol invasions of Đại Việt during the Trần Dynasty. We'll get as far as the great (Later) Lê Dynasty founding emperor and resistance hero Lê Lợi.     Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: April 13, 2018, 4:10 p.m.

CHP-199-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 3

The CHP series covering the history of China-Vietnam Relations continues with Part 3. This episode will take the history all the way up to the Tran Dynasty on the eve of the Mongol invasions from Yuan Dynasty China. Heroes from Vietnam history making an appearance in this episode include Ngô Quyền, Lê Hoàn, Lý Thái Tổ, Lý Thường Kiệt and Trần Thái Tông. Sorry about inundating everyone with this deluge of Chinese and Vietnamese names. I'll keep everything listed in the terms from each episode found on the webpage at teacup.media. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: March 30, 2018, 4:23 a.m.

CHP-198-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 2

Shi Xie's impact on bringing Chinese culture to the Jiao region is discussed. For most of this period, Vietnam remained under the direct administrative control of China. Aside from a few quiet moments, there was sustained local unrest to deal with. Either local Viets were rising up against their Chinese overlords or there was a constant battle being fought with Lao, Linyi, Champa and other tribes, states, and kingdoms that surrounded Vietnam to the west and south. It was also a period where great Viet national heroes and heroines start getting written into the record. Sorry once again for the wooden sounding Vietnamese pronunciation. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: March 25, 2018, 11:57 a.m.

CHP-197-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 1

In this first of a multipart series, Laszlo explores the ancient relationship between China and Vietnam. In this episode, the earliest days going back to Zhao Tuo and the Nanyue Kingdom are discussed. A thousand apologies for the poor editing job splicing the Vietnamese pronunciation. I'm hoping for an A for effort at least. The remaining episodes will go off more smoothly. Thank you for your understanding. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: March 20, 2018, 12:52 p.m.

CHP-196-The British East India Company Part 2

Laszlo finishes off this brief overview of The Honorable Company as tea takes center stage in the history. It's a very rough landing for the East India Company as their commercial rivals and political enemies gradually put an end to their winning run going back to the 17th century. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

History
Published: Feb. 27, 2018, 6:01 p.m.

CHP-195-The British East India Company Part 1

Maybe this isn't the most "China history flavored" topic but The Honorable Company did play a somewhat starring role during the Qing Dynasty starting from about the Jiaqing Emperor.  In this first of a two-part series, I am offering you an overview of who they were, where they came from and how they came to be so hated by so many.  I originally did this series for Cathay Pacific Airways' Inflight Entertainment system as an accompaniment to the "Taboo" miniseries starring Tom Hardy.  And now I'm taking these leftovers out of the fridge, taking the foil off and after sixty seconds in the microwave....here it is....in two easy to digest parts.  Enjoy!

History
Published: Feb. 24, 2018, 1:58 a.m.

CHP-194-The History of Toi San and US Immigration

In this episode, Laszlo looks at U.S. Immigration during the bad old days of Chinese Exclusion. The subject will be examined through the telling of the stories of three rather plain and non-extraordinary brothers from Haiyang Village in Toi San (Taishan in Mandarin). These three Moy brothers were featured in Scott Seligman's 2013 book "Three Tough Chinamen" (Earnshaw Books). In addition to the Chinese Exclusion laws, Laszlo briefly introduces the life of another Toisanese, Ng Poon Chew. And at no extra price, Laszlo also gives the history of the Taishan region a nice neat overview. Check the links below for more great reading.

History
Published: Feb. 13, 2018, 3:55 a.m.

CHP-193-Whitey Smith and Early Shanghai Jazz

In this episode, Laszlo tries something new. This time we look at the life and times of Whitey Smith.  Who?   

History
Published: Jan. 27, 2018, 6:59 p.m.

CHP-192-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 9

Laszlo emerges from the post-holiday festivities to finish off the series, picking up from the last episode of the life and work of Wang Yangming. The differences between the two main schools of Neo-Confucianism is further discussed: the Lu-Wang School of the Mind (Xinxue) and the Cheng-Zhu School of Principle (Lixue). We also saved philosopher Zou Yan and the Five Elements (Wuxing) for last. And that completes this nine-part set course meal in the History of Chinese Philosophy. If anything spoke to you, you're now armed and ready to do as many deeper dives into all these schools of thought as your heart desires.

History
Published: Jan. 6, 2018, 3:26 p.m.

CHP-191-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 8

This is an all Neo-Confucian episode. Last episode, Laszlo introduced three of the five founders of Neo-Confucianism: Zhou Dunyi, Shao Yong and Zhang Zai. This time we finish off with the remaining two founders: the Cheng Brothers, Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi. And taking this rich harvest to the next level is Zhu Xi. The basic tenets of Neo-Confucianism are introduced, with a focus on lǐ (principle) and xīn (mind) and how these two concepts caused a great divide in the two main schools of Neo-Confucianism. Qì (life-force) is also examined, and how that fits into the big picture. The episode closes with an introduction to the extraordinary life of someone getting a lot of press these days in China, Wang Yangming, and his contributions to Neo-Confucianism.   

History
Published: Dec. 28, 2017, 3:05 p.m.

CHP-190-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 7

In the late Han Dynasty, philosophy was a lot more complex than in Confucius's time. The focus in this episode is on philosophical thought in the Tang Dynasty (618-907).  From the fall of the Han dynasty in 220, all the way through the Six Dynasties, Buddhism had spread quickly throughout the disunited kingdoms of China. By the time the father and son team of Yang Jian and Yang Guang stabilized and united China into a new empire in 589, Buddhism had taken root and appealed to the weary masses and the aristocrats. Later in the Tang Dynasty, Confucianism reasserted itself, and after the brilliant work of Han Yu, Li Ao and Liu Zongyuan, it set the stage for the third epoch in Confucianism during the Song dynasty. Laszlo also briefly introduces three of the founding fathers of Neo Confucianism, Zhou Dunyi, Shao Yong and Zhang Zai  

History
Published: Dec. 16, 2017, 1:38 p.m.

CHP-189-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 6

Laszlo gives the subject of Daoism, the Daodejing and the Zhuangzi a fresh makeover, covered before in an old China History Podcast episode from days gone by. The history of Daoism is explored as well as its main characters, Laozi and Zhuangzi, and what they called for in those dark Eastern Zhou times. Daoism is both a philosophy and a religion, but this episode only explores the former. The Xuanxue thinkers Wang Bi, Guo Xiang and Xiang Xiu are also discussed, as well as the Neo-Daoism that evolved in the Han. As Daoism and Confucianism evolved in China, side by side, there was occasionally some interesting overlap. Confucians from here on out actively explored ways to reconcile their philosophy with the other major contending schools of thought, Daoism and Buddhism.

History
Published: Dec. 11, 2017, 6:03 p.m.

CHP-188-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 5

Legalism takes front and center stage in this episode. After the conquest of the competing Warring States in 221 BCE by Qin Shihuang, a new ideology was embraced by the new Chinese state. The Legalist philosophers Shang Yang, Shen Buhai, Shen Dao, Han Fei and Li Si are all introduced as well as their individual and collective contributions in laying the Legalist foundations for what was to follow in the Qin dynasty, and over the next two thousand years of imperial Chinese history. Laszlo also shows what happened to Legalism right after the Qin Emperor met his untimely end, and how this led to Confucianism's greatest triumph in the Han dynasty thanks to Dong Zhongshu and others.

History
Published: Dec. 7, 2017, 3:38 p.m.

CHP-187-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 4

Laszlo is back on track, picking up where we left off in part two following the death of Master Kong in 479 BCE. A lot happened in the world of Chinese philosophy right after Confucius passed. He had both disciples who carried on his teachings, and naysayers who pointed to flaws in this Ru School of philosophy and offered an alternative kind of thought. As the countdown to the milestone year of 221 BCE gets nearer, a hundred schools of thought contended like never before, each offering their solutions to the tumultuous and bloody times of the latter half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty

History
Published: Dec. 1, 2017, 9:05 p.m.

CHP-186-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 3

Although covered before in an old China History Podcast episode, Laszlo takes the Yi Jing (I Ching, sometimes called the ‘Book of Changes’) off the shelf for a total makeover and freshening up. In this brief detour along the history timeline, Laszlo picks the Yi Jing apart and offers up both a history of this timeless classic as well as a brief intro about how it works and the role it plays in the life of some people. The Yi Jing is a book with a lot of staying power and has been kept as a handy reference guide for hundreds of millions of people over the millennia. Listen to what it's all about and see for yourself if the Yi Jing can serve you:

History
Published: Nov. 24, 2017, 3:18 p.m.

CHP-185-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 2

In this second helping of Laszlo's overview of the history of Chinese philosophy, the Great Sage himself is the center of focus. Arguably China's most famous citizen of all time, Confucius (and his disciples) created an ideology and political system that had incredible lasting power. Part two examines the stories surrounding Confucius's life growing up and operating in the State of Lu during the last decades of the Spring and Autumn period of the Zhou Dynasty. In addition to the trials and tribulations faced by Master Kong in his day, the basic tenets of Confucianism are introduced.

History
Published: Nov. 17, 2017, 3:46 p.m.

CHP-184-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 1

After the longest break in the action since 2001, The CHP is back with this pleasant little 9-Part overview covering the history of Chinese philosophy. The series will run from pre-Confucian times clear through to Wang Yangming in the mid Ming Dynasty, a period stretching for more than two thousand years. And don't forget to download the free Infographic that will accompany the series. I predict it will do wonders in keeping all the names, dates, philosophies and texts straight. Thanks for your patience! I hope you enjoy the series.

History
Published: Nov. 10, 2017, 6:33 p.m.

CHP-183-The Nanjing Massacre Part 2

Laszlo finishes off the overview of the Rape of Nanking as well as the stories of John Rabe, Robert O. Wilson, Minnie Vautrin, Rev. William Magee and others who directed the Nanjing Safety Zone during the worst weeks of the atrocities.  The aftermath of the Nanjing Massacre is also examined.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: The Nanjing Safety Zone   Nánjīng Ānqúan Qū 南京安全区 Jīnlíng Women's College 金陵女子大学 Now part of Nanjing Normal University Jīnlíng 金陵  ancient name of Nanjing during the Zhou Dynasty Zhū Dé 朱德 Red Army founder Péng Déhuái 彭德怀 Great PLA general and later defense minister Nana-san-ichi Butai  731部队 Unit 731, based in Harbin General Shiro Ishii 石井四郎 Director of Unit 731 Joseph Mengele The German version of Shiro Ishii. Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 The Nanjing Massacre Okamura Yasuji  岡村宁次 Japanese general who led the brutal Three All’s Policy to Kill all, Burn all, Loot all Yasukuni Shrine 靖国神社 Shinto shrine that commemorates those who died for the Empire of Japan Shì shí qiú shì   实事求是 seek truth from facts, originally from the ancient Book of Han, later made famous by Chairman Mao and then even more famous by Deng Xiaoping.   LINKS: Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II" "The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe" Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China" Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945" Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame" Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations" Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2

History
Published: May 11, 2017, 3:51 a.m.

CHP-182-The Nanjing Massacre Part 1

By popular demand Laszlo finally introduces the Nanjing Massacre.  This is a very emotional, controversial and sensitive subject for a whole lot of reasons.  Over the next two episodes Laszlo will review material from past episodes to discuss the lead-up to the Massacre. Then in Part 2 the actual event itself as well as the story of the Nanjing Safety Zone and some of the foreigners who became eyewitnesses to the horrors of the Nanjing Massacre.  It's also referred to as the Nanking Massacre and the Rape of Nanking. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Rape of Nanking Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 (Japanese 南京大虐杀) Also referred to as the Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre. Zēng Guófán 曾国藩  1811-1872 Viceroy of Zhili, founder of the Xiang Army that helped put down the Taiping Rebellion. Zhào Qīzhèng 赵启正  PRC official who has mostly been associated with news organizations. Kublai Khan 忽必烈 Yuan Dynasty founder and grandson of Chinggiz Khan Zhāng Chúnrú 张纯如 Iris Chang 1968-2004, American writer. Honda Katsuichi 本多勝 Japanese journalist and writer who wrote extensively on the Rape of Nanking. Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Japanese 攘夷勅命 Sonnō Jōi) Zūnwáng Rǎngyí 尊王攘夷 The Mandarin version of the above phrase. Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 1823-1901 Successor to Zeng Guofan, top late Qing era diplomat Treaty of Shimonoseki 下关条约 Signed 1895 at conclusion of 1st Sino-Japanese war Zhāng Zuòlín 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria from 1922 - 1928. Prime Minister Hamaguchi Osachi 濱口雄幸 Japanese Prime Minister 1929-1931 Jiǔyībā  九一八 The Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931 Manchukuo (Mǎnzhōuguó) 满洲国 Lasted from 1932 to 1945. Puppet state in Manchuria Pǔ Yí 溥仪 The last Qing Emperor, also known as the Xuantong 宣统帝Emperor. Emperor of Manchukuo. Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi 犬養毅 Japanese prime Minster from 1931-1932. Héběi 河北 Northern province of China, where Beijing and Tianjin are geographically located. Shānxī 山西 Northern Province of China, capital at Taiyuan Shāndōng 山东 Coastal northern province Tiānjìn 天津 Northern city in China just east of Beijing Lúshān 庐山 Mountain resort in Jiangxi popular with Nationalist and Communist leaders as a meeting place. Jiāngxī 江西 Province in China, capital at Nanchang Zhōu Dynasty 周朝  Ancient dynasty of China Bái Chóngxǐ 白崇禧  NRA general, close ally to Li Zongren Lǐ Zōngrén 李宗仁 Major military and political figure during the 1920's and 30's. Had a stormy relationship with Chiang Kai-shek. Chóngqìng 重庆 City in Sichuan province, now a stand-alone municipality Wǔhàn 武汉 City in Hubei on the Yangzi River Lǎobǎixìng 老百姓 The people, in this case the Chinese people, (the old 100 surnames). Jiāng-Zhè  江浙区 region Abbreviation for the Jiangsu-Zhejiang region Yamaguchi Tsutomu 山口 彊 1916-2010 A survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings August 6 and 9, 1945. Nánchāng 南昌 Capital city of Jiangxi province Táng Shēngzhì  唐生智   Nationalist general who was tasked with defending Nanjing Sūn Quán  孙权 Three Kingdoms era leader of the State of Sun Wu. Matsui Iwane 松井石根  Imperial Japanese Army Commander-in-chief for the Shanghai-Nanjing Region Nakajima Kesago 中岛今朝吾  Lt. Gen. in the Imperial Japanese Army Yanagawa Heisuke 柳川平助 General in the Imperial Japanese Army Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu province renowned for a thousand things Emperor Hirohito (Emperor Showa 昭和天皇) Emperor of Japan 1926-1989 Prince Asaka Yasuhiko 朝香宮鳩彦王 1887-1981 General in the Imperial Japanese Army, uncle of Emperor Hirohito. Ānhuī 安徽   Province in central China LINKS: Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II" "The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe" Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China" Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945" Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame" Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations" Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2

History
Published: May 11, 2017, 3:49 a.m.

CHP-181-The Early Years of Sino-Russian Relations

After more than 40 days wandering in the desert Laszlo is back with a topic that languished on the list for more than six years. At last the early years of Russia-China relations can see the light of day. As you can see, this is another one of those hour plus episodes that was not long enough for two episodes and a bit overly long for one. Basically this covers the beginnings back in the late Ming when they first met and mostly in the Qing where all the history happened. This isn't a particularly deep dive on the subject. I first give you a 走马看花 view of the history of Russia's expansion east and how they ended up on the doorstep of Manchuria. Hope you don't mind.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Míng Dynasty 明朝 Second to last dynasty in Chinese Imperial history 1368-1644 Lóngqìng 隆庆 Ming Dynasty Emperor (1567-1572) Wànlì 万里 Son of Longqing Emperor, reigned a long time 1572-1620 Qing Dynasty 清朝 Last imperial dynasty in China 1644-1912 Xīnjiāng 新疆   Autonomous Region in the northwest of China, formerly referred to as Chinese Turkestan Hēilóng Jiāng 黑龙江 The Black Dragon River (The Amur, and name of Heilongjiang Province) Shùn Zhì 顺治   First emperor of the Qing Dynasty, 1643-1661 Pǔyí 溥仪   The Last Emperor, a.k.a. The Xuantong Emperor, reigned 1908-1912 Northern Sòng  北宋 The first half of the Song Dynasty, lasted from 960-1126 Kāngxī   康熙   Long reigning Qing Emperor, 1661-1722 Jiāyùguān   嘉峪关   The western terminus of the Great Wall of China Songgotu (Suǒ'étú) 索额图 Manchu diplomat during the reign of Kangxi Qiánlóng  乾隆  Another long reigning Qing emperor, 1735-1796 Treaty of Nanjing  南京条约 The marquee "Unequal Treaty" signed in 1842 Hóng Xiùquán 洪秀全 Rebel leader responsible for the Taiping Rebellion Jīntián, Guangxi 广西金田   Place where the Taiping Rebellion was launched Tàipíng Rebellion  太平天国运动   A bloody Rebellion and Civil War all in one, 1850-1864 Hēihé 黑河    City in northeast Manchuria (Heilongjiang) formerly known as Aigun Aìhún   瑷珲 Now called Heihe, formerly called Aigun, site of the signing of the Treaty of Aigun. Yìshān 奕山 Manchu diplomat who was forced into signing the Treaty of Aigun Qíshàn 琦善   Manchu diplomat also forced to sign unequal treaties Lín Zéxú 林则徐   Chinese hero who stood up to the foreign traders and torched their opium Hǔmén  虎门   Located on "The Bogue" in Guangdong, site where Lin Zexu burned the opium Guǎngdōng 广东  Southern province in China Convention of Chuenbi   穿鼻草约  (Chuānbí Cǎoyuē) signed 1841, never ratified. Ili  伊犁   (Yīlí) Town, valley and river name at the northwest border of Xinjiang - Kazakhstan Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠  (1812-1885) Military leader and statesman from Hunan Li-Lobanov Treaty 中俄密约   (known as the Zhōng É Mìyuē ), signed 1896 Lǐ Hóngzhāng 里鸿章   Co-signer of the Li-Lobanov Treaty), Chinese diplomat and statesman Liaotung Peninsula  辽东半岛 (Liáodōng Bàndǎo) The tip of peninsular Liaoning Province Lǚ Dà Zūdì Tiáoyuē 旅大租地条约   Convention for the Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula at Dalian (大连) Port Arthur Also known as Lüshunkou (旅顺口), Port located at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula Qīngdǎo 青岛   Scenic city in Shandong, once a German concession Wēihǎiwèi  威海卫   Another scenic city in Shandong, once a British concession, today known simply as Weihai 威海 If you'd like to brush up on your Russian History, may I recommend an old stalwart of mine: MARK SCHAUSS, PRESENTER OF THE RUSSIAN RULERS PODCAST I call it "The CHP of Russian History"  

History
Published: April 3, 2017, 12:14 a.m.

CHP-180-The Earliest Years of Christianity in China

Many people don't know that the first preaching of Christianity in China pre-dated the Jesuits by more than nine centuries.  We'll take a second cursory look at the Jesuits as part of a bigger story that includes Christianity in China during the Tang and Yuan dynasties.  We'll see that prior to the arrival of Matteo Ricci, there were two other lesser known attempts to grow Christianity in China.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Āluóběn   阿罗本 Nestorian monk who visited Chang'an in 635 CE Dàqín Jǐngjiào liúxíng Zhōngguó bēi 大秦景教流行中国碑 "A Monument Commemorating the Propagation of the Dàqín Luminous Religion of China" or "The Story of the Coming of the Religion of Light from the West to China." Jǐngjiào   景教 Nestorian Christianity Tiānzhǔjiào   天主教 Roman Catholicism "the religion of the Lord of Heaven" Dōngzhèngjiào   东正教 Eastern Orthodox “the religion of Eastern Truth” Jīdūjiào 基督教 Protestantism Jīdū 基督 Christ jiào 教 religion or teaching Xīn Jiào 新教   the New religion Lǐ Shìmín 李世民 2nd son of Li Yuan, the Tang founder Táng Tàizōng   唐太宗 Taizong Emperor, formerly known as Li Shimin Fáng Xuánlíng   房玄龄   Chancellor under Taizong Zhōu Gōng 周公 Duke of Zhou Dù Rúhuì   杜如晦 Chancellor under Taizong, colleague of Fang Xuanling Cháng'ān   长安 Capital of Tang Dynasty China (present day Xian) Jǐngjìng   景淨 Christian monk who wrote the story of Alopen on the Nestorian Stele Dàqín 大秦 Rome Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi province, location of ancient of Chang'an Jǐngjiào bēi   景教碑 The Nestorian Stele (or Tablet) bēi 碑 a stele or stone tablet or monument. Fùpíng County Shaanxi   陕西富平县 Northeast of Xian, the place where the stone came from that the Nestorian Stele was made from. Also the ancestral home of President Xi Jinping. Bēilín Bówùguǎn   碑林博物馆 The Forest of Monuments Museum in Xian Xīān Wénchāng Gate   西安文昌门 One of the ancient gates of Xian Táng Wǔzōng   唐武宗 Tang Emperor from 840-846 Huáng Cháo Uprising   黄巢起义 Uprising lasting 881-884, weakened the Tang Dynasty. Khanbaliq 汗八里 Capital of Yuan Dynasty China. Present day Beijing Dàdū   大都 Great Capital...other name for Khanbaliq Hàn Wǔdì   汉武帝 Western Han emperor from 141-87 BCE Xiàmén   厦门 Ancient port city in Fujian Quánzhōu   泉州 Another ancient port city in Fujian Zhū Yuánzhāng   朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder, also known as the Hongwu Emperor - reigned 1368-1398 Hóngwǔ Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Yuanzhang, who came from humble beginnings and founded a dynasty. Xú Guāngqǐ   徐光启 Also known as Paul Hsu, a colleague of Matteo Ricci Lǐ Zhīzǎo 李之藻 Along with Xu Guangqi and Yang Tingyun, he was one of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China. Yáng Tíngyún  杨廷筠 One of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China Dorgan   多尔衮 Prince Regent during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor Shùnzhì   顺治 1st Qing Emperor to rule over China 1643-1661 Kāngxī   康熙 Successor to Shunzhi, the longest reigning Chinese emperor 1661-1722 Yōngzhèng 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi Emperor Luō Guànzhōng  罗贯中  Author of the classic novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms   MATT SHEEHAN'S CHINAFORNIA NEWSLETTER - CHECK IT OUT HERE   JOHN ZHU'S THREE KINGDOMS PODCAST - Click here and check it out   Click here for Laszlo's past episode CHP-098-Ricci, Schall von Bell and Verbiest  

History
Published: Feb. 20, 2017, 7:40 p.m.

CHP-179-The Ancient History of Silk

Thanks to Carole in Virginia for giving me enough of a push to get this episode finally produced.  This might have been one of the first ten topics I came up with when I began writing the original list back in 2010.  The history of silk is really an amazing testament to humankind's ingenuity and the randomness of life since Neolithic times. I hope you enjoy this episode.  It turned out to be a much greater story than I was ever aware of. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Shén Nóng   神农 The Divine Farmer, god of agriculture and many other things Qīng Dynasty   清朝   The last imperial dynasty in China - 1644-1911 Dèng Xiǎopíng   邓小平 Chairman of China Bridge Association and great Chinese leader during 20th century Míng Dynasty   明朝 Second to the last dynasty...1368-1644 Táng   唐朝 Dynasty in China 618-907 Ānhuì   安徽 Province in China Fújiàn   福建 Province in China Sòng Dynasty   宋朝   Dynasty in China....960-1279 Yǎngsháo Wenhua 仰韶文化 Yangshao Culture in China..5000 to 3000 BCE more or less Yángshuò County   阳朔县 One of the great sightseeing centers of China, near Guilin Zhèngzhōu   郑州   City in Henan Qīngtaí   清台村 Village in the northwest corner of Zhengzhou on the south bank of the Yellow River Huāxià   华夏 The collective tribes that made up ancient core Han Chinese civilization Xià County   夏县 County in south Shanxi on the border with Henan Shānxī province   山西省 Province in China Qiánshānyàng 钱山漾 town at the south end of Lake Tai near Húzhōu Shāng Dynasty   商朝 China's first "official dynasty," lasted from 1600 to 1046 BCE Huángdì   黄帝 The Yellow Emperor Xī Líng Shì   西陵氏   The discoverer of silk and the primary wife of the Yellow Emperor Léi Zǔ   嫘祖 Other name of Xi Ling Shi by which she is more commonly known Cán Nǎinai   蚕奶奶 The Goddess of Silkworms Cán 蚕 a silk-worm Kǒngfūzǐ   孔夫子 Confucius Shǐ Jì 史记Records of the Grand Historian Lǐ Jì  礼记 Book of Rites nǚgōng 女红 the feminine arts Sūzhōu   苏州 City in Jiangsu Province Nánjīng   南京   Capital city of Jiangsu province Chéngdū   成都   The capital city of Sichuan province Zhāng Qiān   张骞 Great Western Han Dynasty adventurer, instrumental in getting the Silk Road up and running Hàn Wǔdì   汉武帝 Great Western Han Dynasty emperor Wǔyí Mountains   武夷山 Mountains in northern Fujian where some of the best tea in the world comes from Hétián   和田 Formerly called Khotan...a great trading kingdom in present day Xinjiang Jìn Dynasty   晋朝 Dynasty in China: 265-420 CE Suí   隋朝 Dynasty in China from 581-618 Cháng'ān   长安 Present day Xian in Shaanxi Province Qiánlóng   乾隆 Emperor during the heyday of the Qing Dynasty, 1735-1796   Frank Lavin's new World War II book: "Home Front to Battlefront" Web Site: EXPORT NOW if you're looking to break into the China online market with your product. Website for SupChina.com ......everything you need to know to stay on top of China news......Only 3 minutes is all it takes (unless you read ALL the articles)  

History
Published: Jan. 29, 2017, 6:35 p.m.

CHP-178-William Mesny Part 2

In part two of this series examining the forgotten life of William Mesny, we hear the second half of his story in China. We're mostly using author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin"   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Chéngdū   成都 Capital city of Sichuan Khampa   康巴 Area in eastern Tibet bordering Sichuan Yúnnán   云南 Southwestern province of China Huí   回族 Musilm ethnic minority Guìlín   桂林 Beautiful city in Guangxi Lí River  漓江   River running through Guilin Liǔzhōu   柳州 City in Guangxi Róngshûi   融水 City near Liuzhou Róng’ān   融安   City near Liuzhou Dānzhōu   丹州   City near Liuzhou Miao   苗族 Known as the Hmong in the US, one of China's ethnic minorities Yáo   瑶族 one of China's ethnic minorities Dòng   侗族 one of China's ethnic minorities Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠 Successful Qing era general Guìyáng   贵阳 Capital of Guizhou Chóngqìng   重庆 Formerly part of Sichuan, now a Municipality Lánzhōu   兰州   Capital of Gansu Zhìlǐ   治理 Old province of China that no longer exists Qīnghǎi   青海 Province in West China Gānsù   甘肃   Province in West China Níngxià   宁夏 Province in West-Central China Shǎolín Temple   少林寺   Famous temple in China Tàiyuán   太原   Capital of Shanxi Shānxī   山西 Province in China Bǎodìng   保定   City in Hebei Lǐ Hóngzhāng   李鸿章 Chinese military leader and diplomat and signer of more than a couple unequal treaties. Zhuōzhōu   涿州   City south of Beijing in Hebei Zhāng Zhīdòng    张之洞 Reforming governor of Shanxi Xīān   西安   Capital of Shaanxi Qínlǐng Mountains   秦岭山   Mountain chain in southern Shaanxi Kūnmíng   昆明   Capital of Yunnan Dōngjīng   东京   Eastern Capital. Can mean Tokyo or Tungking (N. Vietnam) Anhui   安徽 Province in Eastern China Hefei   合肥   Capital of Anhui Guǎngxī   广西   Province in southern China Xinjiang   新疆  Province in northwest China Shaanxi   陕西   Province in north-central China Huangxing Road   黄兴路 Road in Hankou     The Mercenary Mandarin - amazon link to the book Link to Blacksmith Books Link to one of Mesny's Chinese Miscellany (Vol IV) Link to John Pomfrets book "The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom"      

History
Published: Jan. 10, 2017, 4:19 a.m.

CHP-177-William Mesny Part 1

In this first part of a two-part series we examine the forgotten life of William Mesny. Drawing from author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin," Laszlo discusses an unknown character from the bad old days of late Qing Dynasty China. Though he never made it to the history books, he nonetheless witnessed and took part in a lot of it. Through Mesny we can once again wander through some of Imperial China's worst years.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qīng 清朝 The Qing Dynasty 1644-1911 Bǎinián guóchǐ   百年国耻 China's Century of Humiliation Lǐ Hóngzhāng   李鸿章  Famous Chinese military man and diplomat Màishìní Huá-yīng Huìtōng   麦士尼华英会通  "Mesny's Chinese Miscellany" Sòng 宋朝 The Song Dynasty Tàipīng Tiāngguó   太平天国 Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Hóng Xiùquán   洪秀全 The head of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Guǎngxī   广西 Province in Southwest China Húnán   湖南 Province on Central China Cháng Shèng Jūn   常胜军 The Ever-Victorious Army Zhìlǐ   治理 Old province of China that no longer exists Húguǎng   湖广 Hubei - Hunan and surrounding areas Liǎngguǎng 两广   Guangdong - Guangxi Wǔhàn   武汉 Capital City of Hubei Province Zhènjiāng   镇江 City in southwest Jiangsu Sūzhõu   苏州   City in Jiangsu, called the Venice of China Bǎoyīng   宝应 County in central Jiangsu Jiāngsū 江苏 Coastal province in China Yángzhōu   扬州 City in Jiangsu Nânjīng   南京   Capital city of Jiangsu Hànkǒu   汉口 City in Hubei, the "Han" in Wuhan Wǔchāng   武昌 City in Hubei, the "Wu" of Wuhan Hànyáng 汉阳 City in Hubei, part of Wuhan Chóngqìng 重庆 Used to be part of Sichuan, now a municipality Niǎn Jūn Qǐyì   捻军起义 The Nian Rebellion lasted from 1851 – 1868. Miáo Rebellion   苗民起义 Three different rebellions share this name Guìzhōu   贵州   Mountainous interior province in West China Zuǒ Zōngtáng   左宗棠 Famous and very successful general during the Qing Dungan Revolt 同治回辩 Tóngzhì Huí Biàn   Another in a long line of Muslim wars , this one against Yaqub Beg in the northwest of China. Xīnjiāng   新疆 Province in northwest China Zūnyì   遵义 City in Guizhou Táng Jiǒng   唐炯 Governor of Sichuan and early benefactor of Mesny Chóng'ān River   崇安河 River in Guizhou where Mesny's bridge stands Shāndōng   山东 Coastal province in China Jìnán   济南   Capital city of Shandong Dīng Bǎozhēn  丁宝桢 Governor of Sichuan Province Gōng Bǎo Jī Dīng   宫保鸡丁 Kung Pao Chicken Gōng Bǎo   宫保 Palace Guardian    

History
Published: Jan. 10, 2017, 4:16 a.m.

CHP-176-The History of the Teochew People

In this episode Laszlo explains a little about the "Gagi Nang", the 自己人, known the world over as the Teochew (Chiu Chow or Chaozhou) people. Like the Hakka people, the Teochew's were originally from the Yellow River Valley and migrated to their present location on the Guangdong coast via Fujian province. Their language and culture is unique. Their food and Chaozhou culture is celebrated in more places than Chaozhou and not just by the people from that region. There are Chaozhounese people on every continent except maybe Antarctica. They're a proud group of people with a collective track record that is admirable by any standards of human achievement. The only mentions in this episode were of the Teochew's of South East Asia and the US. There are plenty of other lesser known or unknown histories of Teochew's in Canada, Europe, Mexico, Central and South America and of course Australia and New Zealand. The great 19th century Chinese diaspora is filled with stories, legends and historic events. The Chiu Chow people are a major part of everything that happened. They contributed not only to the society and the economy of their adoptive homelands, they still kept their ties with the eight districts of Chao-Shan.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE  Teochew People 潮州人 Gaginang 自己人 What Teochew's call themselves in their dialect ("Our People") Hakka People 客家人 Chaozhou   潮州 Mandarin pronunciation Chiu Chow 潮州   Cantonese pronunciation Chaoshan   潮汕 The term for the Chaozhou-Shantou-Jieyang region Shantou   汕头 Port city of the Chaoshan region Swatow   汕头 Shantou in the Teochew dialect Jieyang   揭阳 The 3rd city to make up the Chaoshan region Meizhou   梅州   Homeland of the Hakka people, located in Guangdong Jin Dynasty 晋朝 Dynasty that ran 265-420 CE Jürchen Jin dynasty 金朝 The dynasty that replaced the Northern Song 1115-1234 Henan   河南 Province of China Shanxi   山西   Province of China Han River 韩江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Huanggang River   黃冈河 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Rong River  榕江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Wu Hu  五胡 The Five Barbarian tribes Han Dynasty  汉朝 Ancient dynasty of China 206 BCE - 220 CE Xiongnu   匈奴 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Xianbei   鲜卑 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Jie 羯 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Qiang  羌 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia (and Tibet) Di  氐 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Jiangnan  江南 South of the Yangzi River (Southern China) Tang dynasty  唐朝 Dynasty of China 618 - 907 Fujian   福建 Southeast coastal province of China Quanzhou   泉州 City in southern Fujian Putian   莆田   City in southern Fujian Yuan dynasty   元朝   Mongol-run Dynasty of China 1271-1368 Guangdong province   广东 Southernmost province of continental China Wu  沪  The dialect of Shanghai and the surrounding region Yue  粤 The Cantonese dialect Xiang   湘   The Hunanese dialect Gan   赣   The dialect of the Jiangxi region Hakka   客家   The dialect of the Hakka people Min   闽   The dialects of Fujian Min River 闽江   The main river of Fujian Minbei   闽北 North of the Min River Minnan  闽南   South of the Min River Hokkien  福建   Pronunciation of Fujian in the local dialect (and the people of course) Xiamen  厦门 Major city in south Fujian Zhangzhou  漳州  Major city in south Fujian Hoklo 福佬  Cantonese for Fujian people Fulao 福佬  The Mandarin pronunciation of Hoklo He Luo 河洛 (also 河老) Another way of writing Hoklo Fujian ren   福建人 Someone from Fujian Hoa Kieu 华侨 Overseas Chinese (Vietnamese) Qin Shihuang  秦始皇 First emperor of China 220 - 210 BCE Nanhai Commandery  南海郡 The 郡 or commandery located in southern Guangdong Zhou dynasty  周朝 Ancient dynasty of China 1046 - 256 BCE Zhao Tuo   赵陀 Former Qin general who set up the Nanyue Kingdom in Southern China and Northern Vietnam Nanyue Kingdom   南越国 A kingdom that lasted from 204 - 111 BCE Han Emperor Wu   汉武帝 Han Dynasty emperor whose forces conquered the Nanyue and reigned 141 - 87 BCE Sui  隋 Dynasty in China that preceded the Tang 581 - 618 CE Emperor Wen of Sui   隋文帝 Founding emperor of the Sui Chao Prefecture  潮州 Set up in 590, where Chaozhou got its name Zhou 州 An ancient name for a prefecture Chao’an County 潮安县 Set up during the Republic of China Wenhua  文化   culture Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 Qing emperor reigned 1735-1796 Taiping Rebellion   太平天国运动 Violent upheaval in China lasting from 1850-1864 She Youjin 佘有进 Seah Eu Chin 1805 - 1883 - early Singapore Teochew community leader She   佘 A Chinese surname (rhymes with 蛇) Yu   余 The Chiense surname Yu......but compare it to the She above. Liu Song Dynasty 刘宋朝 Dynasty in southern China during the Nanbei Chao 420-479 Nanbei Chao   南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasties period Ngee Ann Kongsi (Yi'an Gongsi) 義安公司 Charitable foundation in Singapore Chaozhou Bayi Huiguan 潮州八邑会馆 The Singapore Eight Districts Association Chaoshan cai   潮汕菜 Term used to describe the food of the Chaoshan region Rougucha 肉骨茶 a kind of a Chaozhou style meat soup Lushui E   卤水鹅 Fine tasting Chaozhou goose dish....dip it in vinegar...The Ultimate umami! dongxie   潮州冻蟹 A kind of crab in the shell (of course) eaten cold Yao Ming   姚明 China basketball great and NBA superstar. Also a major anti-shark's fin soup crusader. Yulu 鱼露 Nước mắm in Vietnamese, Fish Sauce in English Shacha Sauce 沙茶醬 made from soybean oil, shallots, dried fish, dried shrimp and a nice kick of chili and garlic. Satay sauce Chaozhou Guotiao 潮州粿条   hủ tiếu in Vietnamese, often spelled in English "Kway Teow" Gongfu cha   工夫茶 A kind of tea service and traditional Chaozhou tea custom. Tieguanyin   铁观音 The preferred tea for Chaozhou style gongfu tea. Dancong Cha   蚕丛茶 Another kind of tea from the Chaoshan region of Guangdong. Not easy to get. Chao Ju   潮剧 Chaozhou Opera Nanxi  南戏 Southern Drama that was popular during the Later Song Kun Qu  昆曲 Kun opera, the oldest form of Chinese opera Tan   陈 Teochew for Chen, the #1 most popular Teochew surname Lim   林 Teochew for Lin, the #2 most popular Teochew surname Ng 黄 Teochew for Huang, the #3 most popular Teochew surname Goh 吴 Teochew for Wu, the #4 most popular Teochew surname Tay 郑 Teochew for Zheng, the #5 most popular Teochew surname Li 李 Teochew for Li, the #6 most popular Teochew surname Sir Li Ka-shing   李嘉诚爵士 Featured in CHP episode 13. Wang Jianlin   王健林 Asia's reigning champion for richest man, founder and chairman of the Dalian Wanda Group. Guangyuan 广元 Town in northeast Sichuan province Wu Zetian   武则天 Amazing lady from the Tang dynasty, China's only real true empress Joseph Lau 劉鑾雄 Boss of Chinese Estates Holdings Lim Por-yen 林百欣  Lin Baixin... Boss of the Lai Sun Group Albert Yeung...杨受成 Yang Shoucheng The main guy at the Emperor Group Vincent Lo... 罗康瑞 Luo Kangrui of Sino Land (who gave us Shanghai's Xintiandi) Xie Guomin 谢国民 Dhanin Chearavanont - Thailand's richest man and CP Group boss (sorry for mispronouncing his name) Ma Huateng   马化腾 Pony Ma, founder of Ten Cent (騰訊控股有限公司) who gave us WeChat and QQ David Tran 陈德 Họ Trần  Legendary founder of the company that gave us Sriracha sauce with the green bottle cap. Huy Fong Foods   汇丰食品公司 David Tran's company, located in Irwindale, California Zou ma kan hua   走马看花 To look at the flowers while riding a horse....a very superficial view.    Charles Antoine de Rouve and Jerome Scemla directed documentary La Guerre du Thé...Tea Wars LINK TO WEBSITE     John Pomfret's new book Amazon link to "The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom"   PLEASE ALSO CHECK OUT: THE CHINA VINTAGE HOUR AND THE CHINESE SAYINGS PODCAST   BOTH ARE NEW SHOWS FROM TEACUP MEDIA

History
Published: Nov. 29, 2016, 8:08 p.m.

CHP-175-Su Dongpo

In this 175th episode Laszlo gives the great Northern Song jack-of-all-literary-trades Su Dongpo the once over. This isn't meant to be a deep dive into the reasons for all his renown in literature, calligraphy and painting. Instead, this is just a "popular Chinese historical" overview of who he was and the times he lived in.  And for those who never heard of him, this is a good intro. In America we have Washington Irving, Mark Twain, Hemingway and so on. In China....Su Shi would be mentioned when rattling off their best of the best. He was definitely a major guy not only in the Song, but in the overall world of Chinese culture as well.  The list of terms from this episode is particularly long this time.  You can see them below in the approximate order of their mention.  If you're interested to check out some of his poetry, here's an amazon link to a book of his poems translated by Burton Watson: Selected Poems of Su T'ung-P'o   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE  Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 1007-1072 Northern Song statesman, historian, calligrapher, literatus extraordinaire Wang Xizhi   王羲之 Called arguably the greatest Chinese calligrapher Zhou   周 1046 BCE - 256 BCE Ancient dynasty of China Han   汉   206 BCE - 220 CE Ancient dynasty of China Jin   晋 265-420 Ancient dynasty of China Sui   隋 581-618 Ancient dynasty of China Tang 唐 618-907 Ancient dynasty of China Song   宋 960-1279 Ancient dynasty of China Kaifeng   开封 Capital of the Northern Song dynasty 960-1127 Northern Song 北宋 960-1127 Huizong   徽宗 The Northern Song emperor who "lost China" to the Jürchens Su Dongpo   苏东坡 1037 - 1101 Our subject in this episode Su Shi   苏轼 Su Dongpo's birth name Tang Song Ba Da Jia   唐宋八大家 "Eight Great Men of Letters of the Tang and Song Dynasty Han Yu   韩愈 768-824 - Tang essayist and poet. Major influence in development of Chinese literature Liu Zongyuan 柳宗元 773-819 Tang waster of prose and poetry Su Xun 苏洵 1009-1066 - Great man of letters and Father of Su Shi and Su Zhe Su Zhe 苏辙   1039-1112 - Brother of Su Shi, also a great man of letters Wang Anshi   王安石 1021-1086 - Song statesman and father of far reaching reforms. Also a great literary figure in his day. Zeng Gong   曾鞏 1019-1083 - Great prose master of the Song Hangzhou   杭州 Capital of Zhejiang and of dynasties past. Su Dongpo served there twice Zhejiang   浙江 Province in east China Meishan   眉山 City south of Chengdu, birthplace of the Three Su's, Su Xun, Su Dongpo and Su Zhe. Min River 岷江 Yangzi tributary river in Sichuan, famous for the Duijangyan irrigation system Leshan 乐山 City in Sichuan Ya'an   雅安 Great tea city near Chengdu in Sichuan Chengdu   成都 Ancient capital of Shu Kingdom, now capital of Sichuan jinshi   进士   The highest degree that allowed you to fill the top positions in government Wang Fu 王弗 1039-1065 - First wife of Su Dongpo Henan  河南 Province in north China where it all began doucha   斗茶 "Tea Battles" that were popular during the Song Wang Runzhi   王闰之 1048-1093 2nd wife of Su Dongpo Su Di   苏堤 the Su Causeway across West Lake in Hangzhou Xin Fa   新法 The New Policies championed by the Shenzong Emperor and Wang Anshi Shenzong    神宗 1048-1085 - Northern Song Emperor and Wang Anshi supporter Sima Guang   司马光 1019-1086 Conservative Song scholar and official, writer of the Zizhi Tongijan Luoyang   洛阳 City in Henan and former ancient capital of past dynasties. Cheng Yi 程颐  One of the pride of Luoyang, Chinese philosopher Zizhi Tongjian, the "Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance" A monumental historical work covering Chinese history from 403 BCE to 959 CE Wutai Poem Incident 乌台诗案 In 1079, a poem by Su Shi got him in trouble and exiled fron the capital. Huangzhou 黄州 Former name of Huanggang, now a district of that city Hubei   湖北 Central province in China, capital is at Wuhan Huanggang   黄冈 City just east of Wuhan in Hubei Province Dongpo 东坡 Eastern slope Dongpo Jushi 东坡居士 Dongpo, the retired scholar or Buddhist. Chibi Fu   赤壁赋 Ode to Red Cliffs, famous poem by Su Shi Hou Chibi Fu   后赤壁赋   The Later Ode to Red Cliffs, famous poem by Su Shi Nian Nujiao Chibi Huaigu 念奴娇赤壁怀古 Remembering Chibi, Su Shi's third poem in this series about Red Cliffs Zhuge Liang   诸葛亮 Great Shu-Han strategist during Three Kingdoms Period Lu Su 鲁肃 Politician and general who worked for Sun Quan Zhou Yu 周瑜 One of Sun Quan's main generals Cheng Pu 程普 Another of Sun Quan's main generals Sun Quan 孙权 Emperor of Eastern Wu, one of the Three Kingdoms Liu Bei   刘备 Emperor of Shu Han, one of the Three Kingdoms Cao Cao   曹操 King of Wei, one of the Three Kingdoms Fu 赋 One of the three main types of Chinese Poetry, like rhymed prose Ci 词 One of the three main types of Chinese Poetry, like lyric poetry Han Shi Tie 寒食帖 Su Shi's most famous calligraphic work, now hanging in the National Palace Museum in Taipei Huang Tingjian   黄庭坚 1045-1105 artist, scholar, official, a great Northern Song Master Mi Fu 米芾 1051-1107 Great Song painter and calligrapher Cai Xiang   蔡襄 1012-1067 One of the great calligraphers of the Northern Song Song Si Jia 宋四家 the Four Great Calligraphers of the Song Han Shi 寒食 is the holiday that occurs right before Qingming in April Yan Zhenqing 颜真卿 708-785 Great calligrapher of the Tang and one of the greatest of all time Zhezong 哲宗 Northern Song emperor, Reigned 1085-1100 Empress Dowager Gao 高太皇后 1032-1093 Empress of Northern Song emperor Yingzong, regent for Zhezong during his minority. Dongpo Rou 东坡肉 Dongpo Pork Zuo Zongtang 左宗棠   Hunan-born general from the Qing, the man who brought us General Tso's Chicken Lou Wai Lou 楼外楼 Not the best restaurant in Hangzhou but one of the most famous. Been around over one hundred fifty years Ni Zan, the late Yuan-early Ming painter. Xu Wei, the Ming painter Yuan Mei, the Qing dynasty scholar and artist. Yuanyou era 元祐 Conservative era in Emperor Zhezong's reign that lasted 1086 to 1093 Huizhou 惠州 City in Guangdong where Su Dongpo served a stint Hainan   海南 Island province off the coast of Guangdong Danzhou   儋州 Coastal city in Hainan just west of Haikou Haikou   海口 Capital city of Hainan Dongpo Shuyuan   东坡书院 Wang Zhaoyun   王朝云 1062-1095 - 3rd wife of Su Dongpo Changzhou   常州 City in Jiangsu Jiangsu   江苏 Coastal province just north of Zhejiang Cai Jing   蔡京 Long serving chancellor to Emperor Huizong Cai Tao 蔡绦 Son of Cai Jing who had the audacity to say something nice about Su Dongpo Shi 诗 The word meaning all Chinese poetry but also a specific kind as well. Su Men Si Xueshi 苏门四学士 The Four Scholars at Su Shi's Gate Zhang Lei   张耒 1054-1114 One of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Chao Buzhi 晁补之 One of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Qin Guan   秦观 1049-1100 - Northern Song writer and poet. Also one of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Jin 金朝 The Jin Dynasty of the Jürchens 1115-1234  

History
Published: Oct. 27, 2016, 9:51 p.m.

CHP-174-The Pirate Queen Zheng Yi Sao

In this latest episode Laszlo finally gets around to the oft requested subject of piracy in early 19th century China.  Pirates had been a fact of life going back to the most olden days. Mid to late Qing Dynasty the amount of trade being plied on the China coast attracted pirates like never before.  Zheng Yi Sao ("Zheng Yi's Wife") was a tough woman from the Pearl River Delta who married the most notorious pirate of his day Zheng Yi.  Upon Zheng Yi's death, his widow took control of his massive pirate fleet.  With her adopted son, and later husband Cheung Po Tsai, she controlled what as, at the time, the largest pirate fleet that preyed on coastal dwellers and vessels engaged in trade. She later became an inspiration for many characters that appeared in books, movies, video games and other media. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Zheng Shi 郑氏 Madame Zheng, Widow Zheng Zheng Yi Sao 郑一嫂 Zheng Yi Sao, wife of Zheng Yi haidao   海盗 pirate Zhejiang   浙江 East coast province of China Guangdong   广东  Southernmost province of continental China Tây Sơn Rebellion   Major uprising in Vietnam from 1770 to 1802 Binh Dinh Province   South central coastal province in Vietnam Da Nang   Vietnam's 3rd largest city Nha Trang   Coastal city in Vietnam Xishan   西山 West Mountain (Tây Sơn in Vietnamese) Guangxi   广西 One province over from Guangdong Shi   石 Common Chinese surname, means stone Ma 马Another common Chinese surname, means horse Xu   徐 Common Chinese surname. I always get it mixed up with 许. Shi Xianggu   石香姑 Zheng Yi Sao's real name Xinhui   新会 City near Jiangmen Tanka or Danjia   疍家 The boat dwelling people of south China and Fujian shuishang ren 水上人 people who live on the water Zheng Yi   郑一 South Seas pirate who ran the Red Flag Fleet. Married Shi Xianggu Red Flag Fleet  红旗帮 Hóngqí Bāng. Cheung Po Tsai  张保仔 Zhang Bâozâi Jing Hai fen ji  靖海氛记 Charles F. Neumann's "The Pirates who Infested the China Sea from 1807 to 1810. Jiaqing emperor   嘉庆帝 Qing emperor 1796 - 1820 Daoguang emperor   道光帝 Qing emperor 1820 - 1850 Ming Jiajing Emperor   明嘉靖帝 Ming emperor 1521 - 1567 Lantau 大屿山 Island that is part of the Hong Kong SAR Cheung Chau  - Changzhou 长洲 Island off the coast of Lantau Humen  虎门 Located at the mouth of the Pearl River Delta Chow Yun-fat  周润发 Great Actor who played Sau Feng, one of the Pirate Lords from Disney's P of the C movie Part 3. Qiongzhou Strait 琼州海峡 Body of water that separates Hainan from Guangdong    

History
Published: Oct. 12, 2016, 11:35 p.m.

CHP-173- The Tong Wars of New York Chinatown Part 3

Laszlo offers up the exciting conclusion to the 3-part series introducing the Tong Wars.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE On Leong Tong   安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee Wanguo Jinyanhui huizhi 万国禁烟会会址 Meeting place of the International Opium Commission weiji   危机   A crisis Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs Tom Lee  李希龄  Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Hip Sing Tong   协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. Xinhai Revolution   辛亥革命   The event that toppled the Qing Dynasty in 1911. Mock Duck   麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence. Chong Pon Sing   The president of the Hip Sings, bumped off by the On Leongs Yee Toy 余才 A Hip Sing soldier involved in a few of their most daring hits Gin Gum   Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee Kim Lan Association   金兰公所 A part of the Chee Kung Tong (Hongmen) made up of mostly Hip Sings Hongmen   洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Fong Foo Leung   the Hip Sing national president Chin Jack Lem   An On Leong whose defection to the Hip Sings sparked a Tong War zhi baobuzhu huo   纸包不住火 An old Chinese saying that says "paper can't wrap a fire" Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association... Lee Gee Min  Officer for the On Leong’s Wong Get 黄傑 A Hip Sing everyman...Used by reforming politicians to rat out the On Leongs and by his fellow Hip Sing tong brothers to make things difficult for the On Leongs. Frank Moy   head of the Chicago branch of the On Leong’s Tung On Society 东安会馆 Another society made up mostly of seamen Jiu Yi Ba  九一八 the Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931.   "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown"   Scott Seligman's Amazon Page   The Tong Wars book home page   Article from Signature Magazine that explains the Turf Wars in NY Chinatown .          

History
Published: Sept. 2, 2016, 8:54 p.m.

CHP-172-The Tong Wars of New York Chinatown Part 2

In this Part 2 episode the Tong Wars begin in earnest.  The first and second Tong Wars are discussed.     "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" Scott Seligman's Amazon Page The Tong Wars book home page Article from Signature Magazine that explains the Turf Wars in NY Chinatown   "Wish Lanterns - Young Lives in New China" Alec Ash - UK Amazon link to Wish Lanterns   21st Century China Program - UC San Diego Link to their Website Link to the China 21 Podcast   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War Hip Sing Tong   协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. On Leong Tong   安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee Gong Wing Chung The On Leong soldier charged with Lung Kin's murder Sin Cue An On Leong, first a suspect in a 1900 murder and later a victim of a Hip Sing hit to prevent him from testifying against Mock Duck Mock Duck   麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence. Tom Lee  李希龄  Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Sue Sing   a Hip Sing charged with the murder of Ah Fee, got sentenced to life in the Sing Sing Correctional Facility Lee Sing An On Leong highbinder from Dedham, Massachusetts. Tried to bump off Mock Duck in 1904. Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs Chu Gong 赵昂 High ranking On Leong officer Gin Gum   Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee Hop Lee A Hip Sing laundryman brutally killed by the On Leongs in a retaliation murder. Shah Kai-fu 夏偕复The Chinese Consul based in the US. mo mentai, mo mentai 没问题,没问题 Cantonese for no problem, no problem boo-how-doy / futou zai 斧头仔 Term was used to describe hatchet men contracted from out of town. Also another name for a highbinder. Leon Ling Charged with the murder of Bow Kum but escaped and was never found. Chu Gain Proprietor of The Port Arthur Restaurant who was carrying on with Bow Kum at the time of her murder. Lung Kong Tin Yee Gong Shaw / Longgang Qinyi Gongsuo 龙岗亲义公所Early name of the Four Brothers Society See Sing Tong / The Sixing Tang 四姓堂 The Four Surnames Society Sixing 四姓Four surnames. Lau / Liu 刘 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Kwan / Guan 关 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Cheung / Zhang 张 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Chu / Zhao 赵 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Hongmen   洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Bow Kum 包金(?) A China-born consort whose murder in 1909 sparked the Second Tong War between the On Leongs and the Four Brothers Society.  Lau Tong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum Lau Shong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum Gun Kee Four Brothers member shot and wounded in front of On Leong headquarters by a cousin of Tom Lee. Ah Hoon   An On Leong who was also a Four Brothers member. A well known comedian in his day. Shot and killed in 1909.  fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers...a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette. pi-gow 牌九 A Chinese domino-based game of chance

History
Published: Aug. 29, 2016, 2:30 a.m.

CHP-171-The Tong Wars of New York Chinatown Part 1

In this long awaited and oft requested episode Laszlo explains about the Tong Wars of New York's Chinatown. With the help of Scott Seligman's latest book we go back to late 19th - early 20th century America and focus on New York's Chinatown.  These were terribly unpleasant days for most citizens of Chinese ancestry and especially for those immigrants who either had not begun the process or lived in the shadows illegally. The Chinese Exclusion Laws tarred these citizens like no other immigrant group in US history. The Tong Wars didn't happen because of these laws but they were certainly part of the story.  With everything Chinese-Americans have done to make America great over the past century it's interesting to look back at another time when the ordinary law abiding Chinese and the bloodiest tong soldier were equally reviled in society that was loath to accept them. The book is called "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" by Scott D. Seligman. Terms from this Episode Qing Chao monian 清朝末年The last years of the Qing Dynasty Mao Zedong 毛泽东   Chairman Mao Shaoshan 韶山   Birthplace of Chairman Mao, in Hunan Toisan   台山 City in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Hoiping   开平 Another city in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Sun-wui   新会 Another city in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Wong Chin Foo   王清福 First to use the term Chinese American. His life was featured in CHP episode 136. Wo Kee Early Chinatown Merchant also known as Wong Ah Chung Wong Ah Chung Real name (maybe) of the "pre-Tom Lee" Chinatown personality known as Wo Kee Wung Ah Ling 李希龄 (Tom Lee) Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Loon Yee Tong 联谊堂 Cantonese for the Lianyi Tang a.k.a. Chee Kung Tong (致公堂) Society that went back to the Qing dynasty///also known as The Chinese Masons and The Hongmen Lianyi Tang   联谊堂 Mandarin pronunciation of the Loon Yee Tong Hongmen   洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Lee Sing 利胜 Chinatown merchant on Pell who publicly assaulted Tom Lee and got away with it fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers...a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette. pi-gow 牌九 A Chinese domino-based game of chance On Leong Tong   安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee An Liang Tang   安良堂 Mandarin pronunciation of the On Leong Tong Hip Sing Tong   协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. Xie Sheng Tang   协勝堂 Hip Sing in Mandarin Lee Toy   李彩 Tom Lee's nephew and chief tough guy in the On Leongs Lee Quon Jung 李观长 a.k.a. Charlie Boston One of the top guys in the On Leongs Yuet Sing Another wealthy On Leong merchant in Chinatown  Wong Get 黄傑 A Hip Sing everyman...Used by reforming politicians to rat out the On Leongs and by his fellow Hip Sing tong brothers to make things difficult for the On Leongs. Mai De a.k.a. Mock Duck   麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. A slippery as an eel and hard to pin down by the authorities...directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War   "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" Scott Seligman's Amazon Page   The Tong Wars book home page   "Wish Lanterns - Young Lives in New China" Alec Ash - UK Amazon link to Wish Lanterns   supchina.com - New Home of the great Sinica Podcast and a wonderful place to stay in daily touch with what's up in China.  

History
Published: July 27, 2016, 3:14 p.m.

CHP-170-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 2

Laszlo finishes up the story of the Yuan Dynasty, founded in 1271.  The parts of China not yet conquered were done in by 1276 and the last holdouts gone by 1279.  But the Great Yuan didn't last long.  This episode takes a nice little overview of the dynasty, its slow demise and the legacy they left. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan Golden Horde  金帐汗国   Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502. Arigh Böke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan Zhao   赵   The surname of the Song dynasty ruling family Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire Zhengding   正定 A place adjacent to Shijiazhuang, site of Kublai Khan's mother's appanage. Shijiazhuang   石家庄 Capital of Hebei Province Hebei   河北 Province in northern China Zhongtong Era   中统 Era during the Yuan 1260-1264 Zhiyuan Era 至元 Era during the Yuan 1264-1294 Jin Dynasty  金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda Haiyun Chan Shi 海运禅师 Buddhist advisor to Kublai Khan Liu Bingzhong   刘秉忠 Advisor to Kublai Khan on all matters architectural, feng shui and other things Khitans   契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125 Kaiping 开平 Original name of Shangdu Shangdu   上都 Known popularly as Xanadu, later became Kublai's summer palace Chengde   承德 Better known in old history books as Jehol or Rehe, city northwest of Beijing Hülegü 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui Dadu  大都 Kublai Khan capital, also known as Khanbaliq, City of the Khan's, located in present day Beijing Zhu Yuanzhang   朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder Karakorum  喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260, originally built by Ogedai Khan Shandong   山东 Coastal province in the north, famous for a million things including Confucius Li Tan 李璮 Loyal Yuan official up in Shandong who later led a rebellion against Mongol rule in China. Shi Tianze   石天泽 One of Kublai Khan's most loyal and successful Han Chinese generals Duke of Zhou   周公 Son of the Zhou Dynasty founder King Wen, brother to King Wu Taizong   太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin Han Wudi   汉武帝 Great conquering Han Dynasty emperor Liu Bei   刘备 Mighty hero during the Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period. Founder of the Shu Han State. Lantau Island   大屿山 Hong Kong's largest island, the international airport is located there Zhao Kuangyin   赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder Lizong   理宗   Southern Song emperor 1224-1264 Not a terribly good one. Emperor Yang of the Sui   隋炀帝 Son of Sui Dynasty founder and final emperor of the Sui. Did some good and some bad. Had a lot of concubines Empress Dowager Xie Duzong emperor 度宗 Southern Song emperor from 1264 to 1274 Jia Sidao   贾似道 Southern Song chancellor Aju  阿术 General and high ranking official during the Yuan. Grandson of Subotei Subotei  速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general. Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan. Bayan of the Baarin 伯颜   Kublai's greatest general Han Jiang   汉江 Tributary of the Yangzi flows from Shaanxi to Hubei Hanshui   汉水 Another name for the Han JIang Hubei ren   湖北人 Someone from Hubei Wuchang   武昌 The city that makes up the Wu in Wuhan Hankou   汉口 The city that makes the Han in Wuhan Hanyang   汉阳 The third city of the Wuhan metropolitan area Nanjing   南京 Ming Dynasty capital, also known as the ancient city of Jiankang Jiankang   建康 Ancient name for Nanjing Qiantang River   钱塘江   the southern terminus of the Grand Canal, flowed through Hangzhou Xiangyang   襄阳 City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Fancheng Fancheng  樊城   City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Xiangyang Xiangfan   襄樊 The twin cities of Xiangyang and Fancheng Hui Hui Pao   回回炮 "Muslim trebuchet" Cai Jing   蔡京 Huizong's main official, great calligrapher, not terribly popular in his last years Emperor Gong  恭帝  Southern Song emperor from 1274 to 1276 Changzhou   常州   City in Jiangsu who felt the wrath of the Khan Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Duanzong 端宗   Second to the last Southern Song emperor, died age 8 Lu Xiufu   陆秀夫   Official and Military man who served the Song dynasty till the last Zhao Bing   赵昺   Last emperor of the Southern Song, also known as Huaizong Huaizong   怀宗   Last Song emperor, also known as Zhao Bing Hubilie 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294. Yunnan   云南   Southwestern province in China Empress Chabi 察必皇后   favorite wife of Kublai Khan Zhenjin   真金   Son of Kublai Khan, died before he succeeded his father as emperor Shizu   世祖   Posthumous temple name of Kublai Khan Temür Khan 完泽笃汗 Son of Zhenjin, later became the Chengzong emperor Chengzong emperor   成宗   Succeeded Kublai Khan as Yuan Emperor Külüg Khan  曲律汗 Also known as the Wuzong emperor Wuzong emperor  武宗   Yuan emperor 1307-1311 Buyantu Khan   普颜笃汗 Also known as the Renzong Emperor Renzong emperor 仁宗 Yuan Emperor 1311-1320, champion of Confucianists. Zhu Xi   朱熹 Great Chinese philosopher, father of Neo-Confucianism Si Shu 四书 the Four Books The Lunyu   论语 The Analects Mengzi   孟子 The Mencius Daxue   大学 The Great Learning Zhongyong  中庸 The Doctrine of the Mean I Ching   易经 The Book of Changes. People swear by it. Yingzong emperor   英宗   Yuan Dynasty emperor 1320-1323 Temuder   铁木迭儿 Yuan grand councillar during Yingzong Taiding Emperor 泰定帝 Yuan emperor 1323-1328 Liangdu zhi zhan   两都之战   War of the Two Capitals Toghon Temür 妥懽帖睦尔Mongolian name of Yuan emperor Shun Emperor Shun   顺帝 Yuan emperor Shun  舜  Last of the mythical Five Emperors, lived around 2200 BC Yu the Great   大禹 Founder of the Xia Dynasty Poyang Hu zhizhan   鄱阳湖之战 the Battle of Poyang Lake Hongwu Emperor   洪武帝 Era name chosen by Zhu Yuanzhang, founder of the Ming dynasty Liu Bang   刘邦 A.K.A. Han Gaozu, founder of the Han Dynasty Longquan   龙泉 Ancient site near Lishui where some of the best porcelain ware in China was fired. Lishui   丽水 City in southern Zhejiang Jingdezhen   景德镇   The historic porcelain capital of China. Zheng He   郑和 The Yongle Emperor's loyal admiral who led seven voyages to the west that went as far as the east coast of Africa Wu Cheng 吴澄   Great Yuan dynasty scholar-official and student of Zhu Xi's philosophy Guo Shoujing 郭守敬   Great Yuan dynasty scholar, scientist, engineer. The "Tycho Brahe of China" Zhao Mengfu   赵孟頫   Great Yuan era painter, descended from the Song royal family, married to Guan Daosheng.   Guan Daosheng   管道昇   Called "China's greatest female painter". Married to Zhao Mengfu...an amazing couple in their day Liu Guandao   刘贯道   Another great Yuan dynasty painter    Alec Ash's new book: Wish Lanterns: Young Lives in New China   Barbarians at the Gate Podcast: Get it H E R E at Jeremiah's Granite Studio page.   David Moser's "A Billion Voices: China's Search for a Common Language"   And check out Sixth Tone at http://www.sixthtone.com/  

History
Published: June 18, 2016, 3:20 p.m.

CHP-169-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 1

In this long overdue episode with a deceiving title we don't actually get around to the Yuan Dynasty.  However a nice handy and confusing overview tracing the rise of the Mongol nation is presented which includes a bio on Genghis Khan.  We'll get to rise of Kublai Khan this time and look at the Yuan Dynasty next episode.     Terms from this Episode numero ciento sesenta y nueve Number 169 Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin Dynasty founder Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty Parthians 帕提亚  Iranian nomadic people Scythians   斯基泰人 Iranian nomadic people Yuezhi 月氏 Originally from Xinjiang and Gansu, defeated by the Xiongnu Goths 哥特 West central Asian power, the scourge of the Roman Empire Magyars   马扎儿人 West central Asian power. Today they are known as Hungarians. Huns 匈奴 More from the western part of the steppe, often confused with Xiongnu Xiongnu 匈奴 Often called Huns, they were an early northern tribe who kept invading China Slavs   斯拉夫人 People from central Europe and the West Asian steppe Xianbei 鲜卑   So-called "proto-Mongols" who lived around the Qin and Han dynasties and founded the Northern Wei. Shatuo Turks  沙陀突厥  Power in north China late 9th and 10th century. Founded several short-lived dynasties in the north of China. Khitans 契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125 Tatars 鞑靼人 Mongol tribe defeated by Genghis Khan who later moved westward towards Russia and Europe Kazakhs   哈萨克人 North-Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan Kyrgyz  吉尔吉斯  Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kyrgyzstan Uighurs   维吾尔人   Turkic people who today mostly live in Xinjiang The Hakkas 客家人 The Hakka People Fujian 福建   Province on the east coast of China Huizong   徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Aguda 阿骨打 Also known as Emperor Taizu of Jin, founder of the Jin Dynasty Wuqimai 吴乞买 Aguda's brother, second emperor of the Jin Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song Dynasty Jin Dynasty  金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda Zhao Gou   赵构 Escaped Zhao royal family member, launched Southern Song Gaozong 高宗 First emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Lin'an 临安 Southern Song capital, present day Hangzhou Merkits  蔑儿乞人 One of many tribes of the Mongols Keraits  怯烈亦 One of many tribes of the Mongols Ongüts  汪古部 One of many tribes of the Mongols Ongirats  One of many tribes of the Mongols Naimans 乃蛮 One of many tribes of the Mongols Temüjin 铁木真 Genghis Khan's name Dobun Known as Dobun the Clever, married to Alan the Fair, early ancestors of Temujin Ah-Lan the Fair married to Dobun, early ancestors of Temujin Khaidu 海都 c. 1040-1100 Great-grandfather of Khabul Khan Khabul Khan  合不勒  Early great khan and great -grandfather of Genghis Khan Yesugei the Brave 孛儿只斤Ÿ也速该 Father of Genghis Khan Yuanchao Mi Shi 元朝秘史 The Secret History of the Mongols Börte 孛儿帖 Wife of Temüjin and later Grand Empress of the Mongol Empire Ulaan Bator 乌兰巴托 Capital of Mongolia Jochi 术赤 Oldest son of Börte and maybe Genghis Khan Golden Horde 金帐汗国  Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502. Xinjiang   新疆 Northwest autonomous region in China Mongol Yasa (Jasagh)   A Mongol Codified law introduced by Genghis Khan Khuriltai 忽里勒台   A Mongol congress of all elders and leaders Kara Khitai 喀喇契丹 Also known as the Western Liao 1124-1218 Xixia  西夏 The Western Xia, an empire established by the Tanguts Khwarizmian Empire 花剌子模王国 Lasted 1077-1231. Khwarazmia covered All of Iran and parts of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan. Batu 拔都 Founder of Golden Horde, son of Jochi, grandson of Genghis Khan Chaghadai 蔡合台 Second son of Genghis Khan, founder of Khanate of Chaghadai Khanate of Chaghadai 蔡合台汗国 Covered most of Central Asia Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan Kublai 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294. Hulagu 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui Arigh Boke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai Subotei 速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general. Dzungaria 准噶尔 Northern half of Xinjiang with Tianshan Mountains south and the Altai north. Karakorum 喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260 Guyuk 贵由 Eldest son of Ogedai Khan, reigned only two years as the 3rd Great Khan Mamluks 马木留克 Originally slave soldiers, they were a powerful "caste" of warriors who operated from the 9th to 19th centuries. Not to be messed with. Il-khanate 伊儿汗国  The southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire. Ruled by Hülagü's branch of the family - centered around Iran Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan. Owen Lattimore 欧文Ÿ拉铁摩尔 American scholar and Central Asian specialist   Isaac Meyer:  “History of Japan Podcast” https://historyofjapan.wordpress.com/   Nina Xiang: "China Money Network" http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com/  

History
Published: May 23, 2016, 3:10 a.m.

CHP-168-Zhou Enlai Part 8

In this bonus one hour plus episode we look at the last six years of Zhou Enlai's life. It was a bittersweet end for Premier Zhou.  In between doing great things for China and guiding the country's general well-being he was forced to play a central role in some of the worst internecine politics in CCP history.   Terms from this episode Sun Weishi   孙维世 Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao's adopted daughter Jiang Qing   江青   Wife of Mao Zedong, Gang of Fouyr leader Lin Biao   林彪   Revolutionary hero, great general, Mao chosen successor Chen Yi   陈毅   Another great military leader, later foreign minister Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   State Chairman (title changed to president in 1982), main target of Cultural Revolution Chen Boda   陈伯达 Former secretary, speechwriter to Mao Zhang Chunqiao   张春桥 Political theoretician, later member of the Gang of Four Yao Wenyuan   姚文元 Prominent writer, critic...wrote the initial critique of Wu Han's play that kicked off the Cultural Revolution Lushan   庐山 Scenic spot in northern Jiangxi, site of many historic meetings Poyang Lake   鄱阳湖   China's largest freshwater lake Jiangxi Province   江西 Province in eastern China Xian Incident   西安事变   October 12, 1936 kidnapping of Chiang Kai-shek Peng Dehuai   彭德怀   Great military leader, destroyed by Mao at Lushan in 1959 due to criticism of the Great Leap Forward Zhuang Zedong   庄则栋   One of China's greatest table tennis champions Wu Faxian   吴法宪   Former Air Force commander, staunch Lin Biao supporter Ye Qun   叶群 Wife of Lin Biao Lin Liguo   林立果   Son of Lin Biao, main planner of the attempted coup of Lin Biao Beidaihe   北戴河   Beach resort near Qinhuangdao, Hebei province, popularly used as a Party retreat for informal meetings Shanhaiguan   山海关 Historic district near to Beidaihe and Qinhuangdao "Tian yao xia yu, niang yao jia ren, wufa keshe, you ta qu ba!"   天要下雨,娘要嫁人,无法可设,由他去吧   the heavens must rain and a woman wants to be wed....nothing can be done about this....let him go." Zunyi Conference   遵义会议 Historic CCP conference in January 1935 in which Mao and Bo Gu fought for supremacy Zhongnanhai   中南海   Government leadership compound adjacent to the Forbidden City Deng Yingchao   邓颖超 Wife of Zhou Enlai, later chairperson of the CPPCC Wumao's   五毛党   People in the Party's employ responsible for flooding the internet with pro-Party comments in an effort to sway public opinion. Wang Hairong   王海容 Mao's grand niece and later vice minister of the Foreign Ministry Nancy Tang Wensheng   唐文生 Mao's English interpreter Wang Hongwen   王洪文 Young, unknown Shanghai radical hand picked by Mao to be his successor Xinjian County Tractor Factory   新建县拖拉机厂 Factory outside Nanchang where Deng Xiaoping was sent to work after his first political purge ion 1969 Nanchang   南昌 Capital of Jiangxi province Pi Lin Pi Kong   批林批孔运动 The Criticize Lin Biao, Criticize Confucius Campaign Ye Jianying   叶剑英 Great PLA general, great leader, rose to the occasion at several key moments in China history Luo Ruiqing   罗瑞卿   Popular general, early victim of the Cultural Revolution Mao Yuanxin   毛远新   Mao's nephew, son of his younger brother Mao Zemin Sige Xiandaihua   四个现代化   The Four Modernizations Hua Guofeng   华国锋 named as acting Premier to replace Zhou, later Party Chairman Zhu De   朱德 PLA founder, great general and comrade of Mao Tangshan   唐山   City in Hebei, just east of Beijing, epicenter of the great earthquake of 1976 Li Xiannian   李先念   Great military and political leader, later President of Chian 1983-88 Wang Dongxing   汪东兴 Mao's bodyguard during the Cultural Revolution years. Commander of the 8341 Special Regiment Gaige kaifang   改革开放 The policy of reform and opening up to the outside world.

History
Published: April 7, 2016, 10:36 p.m.

CHP-167-Zhou Enlai Part 7

In this longer than expected seventh episode of the series the Cultural Revolution gets underway, something that Zhou will have to deal with until his dying day.  Aside from this, China's illustrious premier also has his hands full with a thousand other responsibilities, both foreign and domestic.    Terms from this Episode: Zhou Enlai   周恩来   China's beloved premier and statesman Huai'an 淮安 City in Jiangsu Province, birthplace of Zhou Enlai Jiangsu   江苏   Rich coastal province in China Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学   Famed school where Zhou attended Tianjin   天津   Municipality just east of Beijing Whampoa Military Academy   中华民国陆军军官学校   Military academy located in Guangzhou Jinggangshan   井冈山 Soviet base set up by Mao in the mountains of Jiangxi Zhu De   朱德   PLA founder and legendary general Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Great Chinese leader, persecuted by Mao during Cultural Revolution Deng Xiaoping   邓小平 China's supreme leader in the 1980's Yang Shangkun   杨尚昆   Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Peng Zhen   彭真 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Peng Dehuai   彭德怀   Great military hero of the PRC, former defense minister Guiyang   贵阳   Capital of Guizhou Province Guizhou   贵州   Interior province of China Hebei   河北 Province in northern China geming lao qu   革命老区 Revolutionary areas loyal to the CCP going back to the 2nd Sino-Japanese War Boyan   伯延 A town near Wu'an (武安) in southern Hebei Zhou Enlai de Sige Zhouye   周恩来的四个昼夜 Movie called "The Story of Zhou Enlai" Wang Tiecheng   王铁成   Chinese actor famous for his portrayals of Zhou Enlai Liu Bocheng   刘伯承   Great PLA general who worked closely with Deng Xiaoping cunmin   村民   village people Gu Mu   谷牧 1914-2009, great revolutionary, politician, vice-premier Lin Biao   林彪 Great military hero of the PRC, former defense minister, later rabble rouser Xinjiang 新疆   Autonomous region in China's northwest lao gege   老哥哥   Old buddy Deng Jiaxian 邓稼先   The father of China's nuclear program. Great nuclear physicist Li Siguang   李四光 Great Chinese scientist, father of China's geomechanics program Qian Sanqiang   钱三强 Great nuclear physicist Zhongnanhai   中南海   China's top leadership compound adjacent to the Forbidden City Luóbùpō  罗布破 Lop Nor in Xinjiang province He Long   贺龙 Great PLA general Ngo Dinh Diem 吴廷琰 President of South Vietnam 1955-1963 Yunnan   云南   Province in southwest China Chen Yi   陈毅   Great Chinese leader, general, statesman, football fanatic Sanxian jianshe   三线建设 The Third Front Movement Qinghai   青海   Province in western China Ningxia   宁夏   Autonomous region in the north of China Sichuan   四川   Province in China also known as Szechwan Gansu   甘肃    Province in western China Chen Yun   陈云 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Bo Yibo   薄一波   Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Li Fuchun   李富春 Leader and statesman in China, handled the planning of China's economy. chi chuan yong   吃穿用 "Eat, Wear, Use" biyaopin   必要品 Necessities of Life riyongpin   日用品   Daily use items Dongfang Hong   东方红   The East is Red Jiang Qing   江青   Mao's last wife, among many other things, all negative. Wu Han   吴晗   Ming dynasty expert, Beijing vice-mayor Yao Wenyuan   姚文元   One of the Gang of Four Wenhui Bao   文汇报   The Wenhui Bao, a Shanghai newspaper Wuhan   武汉   City in Hubei on the Yangzi consisting of the cities of Hankou, Wuchang and Hanyang Hangzhou   杭州   Capital of Zhejiang province Zhong Fa   中发   A Central Directive, like an executive order Luo Ruiqing  罗瑞卿   PLA great and later target of the Cultural Revolution Ye Qun   叶群   PLA colonel and wife of Lin Biao Xiao Xiangrong   肖向荣 Whampoa Military Academy grad, old revolutionary, Luo Ruiqing ally. Yangzi   扬子江   The Yangtse River Pao da siling bu   炮打司令部   Bombard the headquarters (Mao's first Big character poster) Tan Zhenlin   谭震林 Another PLA great Xu Xiangqian   徐向前 Another PLA great Wang Guangmei   王光美   Wife of Liu Shaoqi Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Wife of Sun Yat-sen, later a stateswoman of the PRC Sun Weishi   孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao Sun Bingwen   孙炳文   Early CCP martyr, father of Sun Weishi Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife of Zhou Enlai, among many other things You Tube link to The Zhou Enlai Story movie

History
Published: March 11, 2016, 2:47 p.m.

CHP-166-Zhou Enlai Part 6

More Zhou Enlai again. This time we look at the second half of the 1950's. Zhou was as busy as ever, setting up the government, handling foreign relations and dealing with Chairman Mao. This episode will see Zhou during the Gao Gang Affair, Hundred Flowers, Anti-Rightist, San Fan and Wu Fan Campaigns, Land Reform, rapid agricultural collectivization and the disastrous Great Leap Forward. Terms from this episode Gao Gang 高岗 Senior CCP leader who fell victim of the first high-level purge in PRC history Shaanxi 陕西   Ancient province where Xian is the capital. Next door to Shanxi Yan'an   延安   Revolutionary CCP base from 1935-1947 Wang Ming   王明 29 Bolsheviks leader who challenged Mao and lost Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Legendary PLA leader and old comrade of Mao Chen Yun   陈云   Old revolutionary chiefly in charge of China's economy Li Fuchun   李富春   Old comrade of Zhou's from Paris, great revolutionary, Vice premier Lushunkou   旅顺口 Port Arthur in Liaoning Province Liaoning   辽宁 One of the three provinces of Manchuria Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Party legend and sometimes rival of Chairman Mao Hangzhou   杭州 City in Zhejiang, former capital of the Southern Song Zhang Zuolin   张作霖   Warlord of Manchuria in the 1920's Rao Shushi   饶漱石 Gao Gang accomplice in the Gao Gang Affair Gao Rao Fan Dang Lianmeng 高饶反党联盟 The Gao-Rao Anti-Party Alliance San Fan Campaign   三反运动 The 3 Anti's Campaign Wu Fan Campaign   五反运动 The 5 Anti's Campaign Tanwu he langfei shi jidade fanzui 贪污和浪费是极大的犯罪     Corruption and Waste were the biggest crimes zhishifenzi   知识分子   Intellectuals zibenzhuyizhe   资本主义者   Capitalists Zhongguo Minhang   中国民航   CAAC The old China national airline before it was broken up Chen Yi   陈毅   PLA legend, soccer fanatic, close comrade of Mao's and later Shanghai mayor and China foreign minister (after Zhou stepped down) jus sanguinis This is a Latin word meaning "right of blood" Zhongnanhai   中南海   Compound adjascent to the Forbidden City where China's leaders reside. Bo Yibo   薄一波   Old revolutionary from Shanxi in charge of finance and the economy with Chen Yun Li Xiannian   李先念 CCP legend who played a major role in the 80's with Deng Xiaoping zili gengsheng   自力更生   Self-reliance Ren duo hao ban shi   人多好办事   When you have a lot of people, things are easy to do Nanning   南宁   Capital city in Guangxi province Chengdu    成都 Capital city in Sichuan Lushan    庐山   Sacred mountain and site of a famous resort in Jiangxi province  

History
Published: Feb. 19, 2016, 5:10 p.m.

CHP-165-Zhou Enlai Part 5

Laszlo returns after one of the longest breaks ever in the history of the CHP.  Part 5 this time.  The PRC is founded and Premier/ForeignMinister Zhou Enlai has his work cut out for him.  In this episode the focus is on the Korean War and the Geneva Conference. Zhou already enjoyed some degree of international respect from those he had come to know during his Shanghai and Chongqing years.  By 1954 he had established himself as a respected tour de force on the world stage and earned begrudging admiration from those who refused to recognize the country for which he was head of state. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife of Zhou Enlai and CPPCC Chairwoman 1983-1988 Zhongnanhai   中南海 Compound adjacent to the Forbidden City that houses the top Party leadership Juxiang Shuwu 菊香书屋 Zhou's first dwelling in Zhongnanhai and later taken over by Mao as his primary office and residence. Yingtai 瀛台   Island located in the center of South Lake...later the residence of Deng Xiaoping Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后 Top decision maker in China from 1861 to 1908 Guangxu Emperor   光绪帝 Qing emperor who began the Hundred Days of Reform and got locked up by the Empress Dowager for his troubles. Xihuating   西花厅   Zhou's residence after Mao took over the Juxiang Shuwu. Prince Chun 醇亲王 Qing dynasty statesman and father to the Guangxu Emperor and grandfather to Puyi... Puyi   溥仪 The Xuantong Emperor, a.k.a. The Last Emperor Chongqing   重庆 Wartime capital of China during WWII Zhou Enshou   周恩寿 Younger brother of Zhou Enlai didi   弟弟 younger brother butie   补贴 a subsidy Sun Weishi   孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao Li Peng   李鹏 Adopted sin of Zhou and Deng Yingchao and Premier of China1987-1998 Huai'an 淮安 Birthplace of Zhou Enlai Jiangsu   江苏 Province where Huai-an was located. Guowuyuan   国务院 The State Council Zhengwuyuan   政务院 Former name of the State Council Chen Yi   陈毅   Immortal military leader, foreign minister and hardcore soccer fan Wenhui Bao   文汇报 The Wenhui Daily, a Shanghai newspaper Pu Shouchang   浦寿昌   Served as Zhou Enlai's secretary from 1954-1965 Zongli Yamen   总理衙门 The old Qing dynasty foreign ministry Wang Jiaxiang   王稼祥 Vice foreign minister Li Kenong   李克农   Vice foreign minister Zhang Hanfu   章汉夫   Vice foreign minister Wang Bingnan   王炳南 Key foreign ministry leader Qiao Guanhua   乔冠华   Key foreign ministry leader Chen Jiakang   陈嘉康   Key foreign ministry leader Ke Bainian   柯柏年   Key foreign ministry leader Gong Peng   龚澎   Key foreign ministry leader Huang Hua   黄华   Key foreign ministry leader Lüshun   旅顺口 Located in the tip of the Liaodong peninsula, formerly known as Port Arthur Dalian   大连 Port city in Liaoning province xijie   细节 details Lin Biao   林彪 Marshal and military hero until he tried to overthrow Mao in 1971 Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Great military leader and later victim of the Great Leap Forward Yalu River   鸭绿江 The river dividing North Korea and China. Zhongguo Renmin Zhìyuànjūn 中国人民志愿军 The China People's Volunteer Army Léi Yīngfū the Luòyáng Cáizǐ  雷应付, 洛阳才子 Assisted Kimn Il Sung during the Korean War. Mao called him later the Literary Genius from Luoyang Lǐ Chéngwǎn李承晚 1st president of South Korea Syngman Rhee Guoqing   国庆 National Day Zhongguo laobaixing   中国老百姓 The Chinese People Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo Zhànzhēng   抗美援朝战争 The resist America and defend Korea War (What China calls The Korean War). Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo   抗美援朝 resist America and defend Korea. Zhong Mei Guanxi   中美关系  China-US Relations Yang Kaihui   杨开慧 Mao's 1st wife (if you don't include the arranged marriage he never recognized) Mao Anying   毛岸英 Son of Mao Zedong and Yang Kaihui shi   市 a City zhen   镇 a Town cun   村 a Village Vo Nguyên Giáp   武元甲 Great military hero of Vietnam Wéi Guóqīng   韦国清 Dien Bien Phu   奠边府 City in Vietnam where the French were defeated in 1954 Pham Van Dong   范文同   Former prime minister of Vietnam Liuzhou, Guangxi   广西柳州 Major city in Guangxi province Huan Xiang   宦乡   Journalist and diplomat Bandung   万隆 City in Indonesia, site of a famous conference Gao Gang   高岗  Heavyweight in northeast China and later victim of the first purge after the PRC was established. San Fan   三反运动 The Three Anti Campaign launched end 1951 Wu Fan   五反运动 The Five Anti Campaign launched in early 1952

History
Published: Feb. 4, 2016, 3:23 p.m.

CHP-164-Zhou Enlai Part 4

In this Part 4 episode of the CHP Zhou Enlai series Laszlo re-tells the always amusing story of when the Americans came around Yan'an to kick the tires of the CCP and see what they were all about. Many of these events from today's episode were covered in previous podcasts (Kang Sheng, Deng Xiaoping, John Service and Civil War). This time Zhou again proves his loyalty and devotion to Mao and as always to China. He gets a real workout as far as developing his role as the Communists (and later China's) chief diplomat. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Yan'an   延安   Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March Kang Sheng   康生   康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution Shaanxi   陕西 Province in northwest China Zunyi   遵义 2nd largest city in Guizhou Zhang Guotao   张国焘 Senior Communist leader and rival to Mao Bo Gu   博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming Wang Ming   王明   Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army Liu Shaoqi   刘少奇   Early Mao supporter and later top leader in China Bo Yibo 薄一波 Early Mao supporter, featured in an earlier CHP episode Peng Zhen   彭真 Early Mao supporter and later mayor of Beijing Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister zhishi fenzi   知识分子 intellectuals He Zizhen   贺子珍 Mao's third wife (after Luo Yixiu and Yang Kaihui) Lan Ping   蓝萍 Stage name of Jiang Qing Li Shumeng   李淑蒙 Early name of Jiang Qing Li Yunhe 李云鹤 Another early name of Jiang Qing Jiang Qing   江青 Madame Mao, the name by which she is best known. Wang Jiaxiang  王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao Ye Jianying   叶剑英   Immortal Communist military leader and statesman Huang Hua   黄华 Great Chinese diplomat and vice premier Chen Jiakang   陈家康 Early communist and very close to Zhou Enlai, serving as his chief liaison with foreign journalists. Ma Haide   马海德   Dr. George Hatem, subject of a future episode. Peng Dehuai   彭德怀   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Lin Biao   林彪   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Nie Rongzhen   聂荣臻   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals He Long   贺龙   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Liu Bei  刘备 Great Sichuan hero and King of Shu. One of the main characters of Romance of the Three Kingdoms Zhuge Liang   诸葛亮 Another main character from Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Wise advisor to Liu Bei Shaoshan   韶山 Birthplace of Mao near Xiangtan Jinggangshan   井冈山   The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border Zhangjiakou   张家口 City of 4.4 million that borders Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Shanxi Lingdao   领导 leader Zaolin'gou   枣林沟 Site of a key meeting after Yan'an was evacuated Panlongzhen  蟠龙镇 Place in Shaanxi where Peng Dehuai raided a KMT supply depot Ren Bishi   任弼时 Early political and military communist leader. Died in 1950. Shanxi   山西 Northern province bordering Shaanxi Deng Yingchao   邓颖超 Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai Liao-Shen Campaign   辽沈战役 The first of the three great military campaigns 9-12-1948 to 11-2-1948   Xibaipo 西柏坡 Town near Shijiazhuang that served as Mao's new base after Yan'an. Shijiazhuang 石家庄 Capital Hebei Province Hebei   河北 Province in China where Beijing is geographically located (but not part of) Huai-Hai Campaign 淮海战役 The second of the three great military campaigns 11-6-1948 to 1-10-1949 Ping-Jin Campaign 平津战役 The last of the three great military campaigns 11-29-1948 to 1-31-1949 Li Zongren   李宗仁 Succeeded Chiang as president in January 1949 Xikou   溪口 Birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek Ningbo   宁波 Major port city in Zhejiang province tuocha   沱茶 usually 100 gram dome shaped tea bricks Sheng Pu-erh   生普洱 Raw Pu-erh Tea Menghai Tea Factory   勐海茶厂 Famous tea factory in Xishuangbanna Xishuangbanna   西双版纳 One of the great tea cities of China Shou Pu-erh  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-erh tea Xiaguan Tea Factory   下关茶厂 Famous tea factory in Dali Dali 大理  formerly known as Xiaguan, city in Yunnan Yunnan 云南 Southwest province of China gaiwan   盖碗 covered tea bowls shiba da   十八大 The 18th Party Congress Gum jie   金姐 Long serving tea lady at the CHP Complex   The CHP Pu-Erh Tea / Gaiwan Gift Set http://www.teasenz.com/pu-erh-tuocha-tea-gaiwan-gift-set   Elias Belhaddad's History of Islam Podcast http://historyofislampodcast.blogspot.co.uk    THE ONE, THE ONLY, THE ANTHILL theanthill.org "While We're Here" earnshawbooks.com  

History
Published: Dec. 19, 2015, 1:38 a.m.

CHP-163-Zhou Enlai Part 3

In this Part 3 episode the story of Zhou Enlai is taken all the way up to the 1943 Yan'an Rectification Campaign.  We'll look at the Zunyi Conference, the Long March, the Xian Incident and finally the ill-fated Second United Front.  At every historic moment, Zhou Enlai was there, playing a lead role. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border Gu Shunzhang   顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer Xiang Zhongfa   向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern. Bo Gu 博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army Guizhou   贵州 Western province in China Liping   黎平 City in eastern Guizhou Guiyang Capital of Guizhou Province Zunyi   遵义 City just north of Liping Zunyi Huiyi The Zunyi Conference Wang Ming   王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks Zhang Wentian 张闻天 Former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao Wang Jiaxiang 王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao Yang Shangkun 杨尚昆 Major CCP leader and later President of PRC Zhang Guotao 张国焘 CCP founding member, Mao rival and later KMT defector Lianghekou 两河口 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Lianghekou Meeting 6/28/1935 Maoergai 毛儿盖 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Maoergai Meeting in August 2935. Dadu River 大渡河 River in Sichuan, site of a famous battle during the Long March retreat Yang Lisan   楊立三 Future PRC minister, helped carry Zhou's stretcher during the Long March Zong Hòuqín Bù 总后勤部 Logistics and supply division of the PLA Fu Lianzhang 傅连暲 Nelson Fu, Western trained Chinese doctor who made the Long March Deng Yingchao 邓颖超   Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai Yang Hucheng 杨虎城 Nationalist general commanding the Northwest Army Dongbei Jun 东北军 The Northeast Army Zhang Xueliang 张学良 The Young Marshal, son of Zhang Zuolin, PRC hero, ROC villain. Shao Shi   少师 Young Marchal Zhang Zuolin   张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord, father of Zhang Xueliang Jiu Yi Ba 九一八 September 18, 1931 the Mukden Incident Pu Yi 溥仪 the Last Emperor, brought out of retirement to be the figurehead of Manchukuo Manchukuo 满洲国 Japanese puppet state set up in Manchuria Yan'an 延安 Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March Shaanxi 陕西 Northwest province of China. Xian 西安 Site of ancient Chinese capitals and the capital of Shaanxi Province Xinhua 新华 New China Luoyang   洛阳 Former imperial capital from ancient times, city in Henan Tang Xuanzong   唐玄宗 The Tang Dynasty emperor who took the dynasty to great heights Yang Guifei 杨贵妃 Tang Xuanzong's favorite concubine H.H. Kung 孔祥熙 Husband of Song Ailing and consummate insider into ROC politics Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek T.V. Soong 宋子文 Brother of the Soong Sisters Chiang Ching-kuo   蒋经国 Future ROC president and son of Chiang Kai-shek Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Madame Sun Yat-sen Xikou   溪口 Near Ningbo, the birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek and location of the Young Marshal's first prison. Ba Lu Jun 八路军 The Eighth Route Army Peng Dehuai   彭德怀 Great Red Army general Ye Ting  叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army Chongqing   重庆 Wartime capital of China after it was removed from Nanjing and Wuhan Lan Ping - Jiang Qing 蓝苹 - 江青 - Madame Mao Xinhua Ribao 新华日报 the New China Daily. Tai'erzhuang campaign 台儿庄会战 a.k.a. The Battle of Taierzhuang. The Rep. of China's first victory over the Japanese army. Li Zongren 李宗仁 former Guangxi warlord together with Bai Chongxi Bai Chongxi   白崇禧 former Guangxi warlord together with Li Zongren Wuhan   武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang Bai Qiu'en 白求恩Norman Bethune Dong Biwu   董必武 Early CCP leader and founding member Chen Duxiu   陈独秀   CCP Co-Founder, along with Li Dazhao Changsha 长沙 Capital of Hunan Province Guilin 桂林 Picturesque city in Guangxi Province Ye Jianying   叶剑英 Immortal Communist military leader and statesman Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief Shangguan Yunxiang   上官云相 KMT General, led the New Fourth Army Incident Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Great early CCP mover and shaker of a thousand talents. Prime target of the Cultural Revolution. Yan'an Zhengfeng Yundong 延安整风运动 Yan'an Rectification Movement Yundong 运动 Campaign or movement Available for the holidays: The CHP Pu-Erh Tea - Gaiwan Gift Set   Also check out: theanthill.org "While We're Here" earnshawbooks.com   and also.... Penguin Books China   "The Great Wall in 50 Objects" - William Lindesay   Shelia Melvin and Jindong Cai's "Beethoven in China: How the Composer Became an Icon in the People's Republic"  

History
Published: Nov. 30, 2015, 3:40 p.m.

CHP-162-Zhou Enlai Part 2

In this second part of what's shaping up to be a long series, Laszlo picks up at the Zhongshan Gunboat Incident and follows the life of Zhou Enlai through the challenging years of 1926-1934.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huai'an 淮安   Located in Jiangsu, birthplace of Zhou Enlai Shenyang   沈阳 City in Liaoning Province Tianjin   天津 Major city east of Beijing Zhongshan Jian Shijian   中山舰事件 The Zhongshan Gunboat Incident Wu Peifu   吴佩孚 Zhili Clique warlord Sun Chuanfang 孙传芳 The Nanking Warlord Duan Qirui   段祺瑞 China statesman and Anhui Clique warlord Feng Yuxiang   冯玉祥 The "Christian Warlord" of the Zhili Clique Zhang Zuolin   张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord Wang Jingwei   汪精卫 Early leader of the Republic China Fuxing lu   复兴路 Road in Shanghai formerly known as Rue Lafayette Kang Sheng   康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution Chen Duxiu   陈独秀   CCP Co-Founder Wang Shouhua 汪寿华 a key CCP leader in Shanghai and Labor leader Du Yuesheng 杜月笙 Shanghai "Green Gang" crime boss Zhao Shu 赵舒 Led Chiang Kai-shek's 26th Army. Saved Zhou's life. Wuhan   武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang Li Dazhao   李大钊 CCP Co-Founder Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army He Long 贺龙 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Lin Biao   林彪   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Ye Ting  叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution Nanchang   南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province Lu Xun   鲁迅 One of the greatest writers of his age Mao Dun   real name 沈德鸿, great writer and former Minister of Culture Qiushou Qiyi 秋收起义   Mao's Autumn Harvest Uprising Nie Rongzhen   聂荣臻 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister Chaoshan   潮汕 Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou Chaozhou and Shantou 潮州和汕头 The twin cities of Chaozhou and Shantou in Guangdong Xu Xiangqian 徐向前 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Jinggangshan   井冈山 The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai Xiang Zhongfa   向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern. Li Lisan   李立三 Xiang's right hand who also played a leadership role Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Madame Sun Yat-sen Zhongyang Teke 中央特科 The CCP secret police (中国共产党中央特别行动科) Gu Shunzhang   顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer Wang Ming   王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks Bo Gu  博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief Peng Dehuai   彭德华 Great Red Army general Futian Incident 富田事变 December 1930 incident where a mutinous battalian was put down Ningdu   宁都 Site of a famous pre-Zunyi Conference CCP meeting Li De   李徳 Chinese name of Comintern agent Otto Braun Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army Tan Zhenlin   谭震林 Great Red Army general Qu Qiubai   瞿秋白 CCP leader, literary figure and martyr Chen Jitang 陈济棠 A Hakka NRA general who turned on Chiang Kai-shek The Xinhai Revolution   辛亥革命 The event that began with the Wuchang Uprising 10-10-1911 Xiang River   湘江 Largest river in Hunan and a major tributary of the Yangzi. Guizhou   贵州 Western province in China Liping   黎平 City in eastern Guizhou Miao   苗族 In Vietnam they're known as the Hmong. General term for a diverse minority people in China (as well as Laos, Vietnam). Over 200,000 in the US. Zunyi   遵义 City just north of Liping  

History
Published: Nov. 12, 2015, 9:57 p.m.

CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1

In today's Part 1 episode Laszlo explores the early life of Zhou Enlai, growing up in a traditional scholar-official's family that had seen better days. Zhou gets passed from relative to relative. But each step of the way there were mentors and breaks that he was able to make the most of. We can see through his early years and into his teens how Zhou was perfectly trained and tested for the larger job that lay ahead.   CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1 Terms   Zhou Enlai 周恩来 1898-1976 Jung Chang 张荣 British Chinese author famous for her critical biography of Mao Zedong and her book Wild Swans Zhou zongli 周总理 Premier Zhou Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 One-time top Chinese leader, hounded to death during the Cultural Revolution Lin Biao 林彪 Great military leader, later Mao's successor but not for long. Wang Hongwen 王洪文 One of the Gang of Four and Mao's appointed successor but not for long. Hua Guofeng 华国锋   Succeeded Mao in 1976 as Chairman of the Party Deng Xiaoping 邓小平   Featured in CHP episodes 63-70 Huái'ān 淮安   City in northern Jiangsu province Jiangsu 江苏   Province just north of Zhejiang Shaoxing 绍兴   Historic city in Zhejiang, just west of Shanghai Tianjin 天津 City in the north, just east of Beijing Song Meiling 宋美龄   Madame Chiang Kai-shek Zhou Panlong   周攀龙 Zhou Enlai's paternal grandfather Zhou Yineng 周貽能 Zhou Enlai's father Wan Dong'er 万冬儿 Zhou Enlai's natural mother Lady Chen 陈氏 Zhou's 养母 or adoptive mother Jiang Zhou's nurse who took care of him Zhou Yigan 周贻淦 Zhou's uncle (younger brother of father) shushu 叔叔 Uncle (younger brother of father) didi 弟弟   Younger brother muqin 母亲   Mother ganma 干妈   Adoptive mother waigong 外公   grandfather (father of one's mother) Zhou Yiqian 周贻谦 Zhou's uncle (elder brother of father) bofu 伯父   Uncle (elder brother of father) Zhou Yigeng Uncle of Zhou Enlai who got led him to Tianjin Zou Rong   邹容 Early revolutionary writer Gemingjun 革命军 Revolutionary Army, Zou Rong's great work. Kang Youwei 康有为   Reformer in the late 19th century Liang Qichao 梁启超   Student of Kang Youwei who participated in the 100 Days of Reform Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学 Yan Xiu 严修 Co-founder of Nankai Middle School Zhang Boling 張伯苓 co-founder and president of Nankai Jing Ye 敬业   Respect Work, Zhou Enlai's first journal Xiao Feng 校风 School Wind School newspaper of Nankai Chen Duxiu   陈独秀 Communist Party co-founder and writer Xin Qingnian   新青年 Chen Duxiu's New Youth Magazine Tianjin Xuesheng Lianhe Huibao 天津学生联合会包  Tianjin Student Union Juewushe 觉悟社 Awakening Society Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Among other accomplishments, wife of Zhou Enlai Yang Zhen Deng Yingchao's mother Liu Qingyang 刘清扬 Early Communist Party member Zhang Shenfu 张申府 Married to Liu Qingyang, another early Party operative Li Dazhao 李大钊   CCP co-founder and librarian at Peking U Guomintang 国民党 The KMT or Kuomintang Li Fuchun 李富春 Longtime party leader, chairman of State Planning Commission Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻   Great military leader and called Father of China's Atomic Bomb Zhu De 朱德   Red Army founder, great military leader Chi Guang 赤光 Red Light, the journal printed in France Guofu   国父 The Father of the Country (Sun Yat-sen) Whampoa Military Academy 陆军官校 Funded and established by Soviets to train Chinese officers Ye Jianying 叶剑英   Great military man and CCP stalwart Chen Jiongming   陈炯明 Landlord in Guangdong, the target of the Eastern Campaign Taiping Guan 太平馆 Restaurant in Guangzhou where Zhou and Deng Yingchao had a wedding reception. Beijing Lu 北京路   Beijing Road Zhongshan Gunboat Incident 中山舰事件 March 20, 1926, an incident that provoked a crackdown by Chiang Kai-shek against left leaning elements in the KMT as all Communists.   Go check out: Nina Xiang's China Money Podcast The Anthill - A Writer's Colony The Sinica Podcast, a classic

History
Published: Nov. 5, 2015, 4:02 a.m.

CHP-160-Jack Jones and the FAU China Convoy 1945-1951

Jack Jones is the bearded one in the image.  His story is told today in this little snapshot of a not very well-known organization that operated in 1940's China.  The Friends Ambulance Unit, later re-named the Friends Service Unit, was a Quaker funded charity that operated ambulances, provided urgent medical care and other charitable services during wartime. In China the China Convoy was created and in consort with the International Relief Committee, distributed medicines, medical supplies and equipment that aided thousands of local and usually impoverished Chinese.  The convoy service ran from 1945 to 1951.  Through the discovery of the lost writings of Jack Jones, author Andrew Hicks has brought this small story back to life.  It's not a big story like the Chu-Han Contention or the Battle of Red Cliff or the Cultural Revolution.  It serves as a reminder that besides the information that made it into the history books....there was this stuff happening too in many places all over China.  I strongly suggest Andrews Hicks's book, available here: http://www.fauchinaconvoy.blogspot.com and here: http://quakerbooks.org.     Go check out:  http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com hosted by Nina Xiang Terms from this episode Hakka 客家 Hakka people Mao 毛泽东 Chairman Mao Zhu De 朱德 PLA founder Zhou Enlai 周恩来 The Premier of China Sima Qian 司马迁 China's Herodotus Writer of the Shi Ji. Chongqing 重庆 Former city in Sichuan, now a direct controlled Municipality Xichang 西昌 City in southern Sichuan Xikang 西康 Former province during the Nationalist days Zhongguo laobaixing 中国老百姓 The Chinese people Ba Xian Guo Hai 八仙过海 The Eight Immortals cross the sea, discussed in CHP-052 shi jing xiao min   市井小民 Common people Chinese Industrial Cooperatives 工业合作社 Set up by George Hogg Bailie School 培黎学校 School for orphans founded by George Hogg Shandan, Gansu Province 甘肃山丹 City in Gansu where the first Bailie School was located    

History
Published: Oct. 4, 2015, 3:12 a.m.

CHP-159-Chinese American Stars and Entertainers of Old Hollywood

In this episode Laszlo focuses on the history of Chinese Americans in the early years of Hollywood.  The period will focus on the 1920's to the 1950's.  During those years Asian Americans had a rough time in Hollywood trying to break away from stereotypical roles. American laws and attitudes stacked the deck against them but through their sacrifices and perseverance they blazed the trail for today's generation of Chinese-American movie, theater and TV artists.  CHP-159 looks at the lives of Anna May Wong and Jadin Wong as a window into these times. Below are the terms from this episode as well as some resources about Chinese Hollywood and Chinatowns. Terms from this Episode Marion Wong  黄女娣  Young film pioneer, established Mandarin Film Co. in 1916 Esther Eng  伍锦霞  Producer, Director of Chinese language films in the US James B. Leong  Chinese American actor between 1923-1960, directed Lotus Blossom in 1921. Joseph Sunn Jue  The Darryl Zanuck of Chinatown, director and producer Wong Chin Foo  王清福   Subject of Scott Seligman's book "The First Chinese American." Anna May Wong   黄柳霜  1905-1961 American actress of the early days of Hollywood Wong Sam Sing  黄善兴  Anna May Wong's father Lee Gon Toy    Anna May Wong's mother Taishan  台山  Historic town in the Pearl River delta region Chang On  长安  Anna May Wong's father's ancestral village Jadin Wong   黄玉美  Chinese American entertainer and later agent Bok Kai Temple 北溪庙  Temple in Marysville, CA Charlie Low  He built the Forbidden City nightclub in San Francisco Arthur Dong 曾奕田 Documentary film maker, founder of Deep Focus Productions Noel Toy  The Chinese Sally Rand, early Forbidden City club performer of risque dances Coby Yee Entertainer and later owner of the Forbidden City Haing S. Ngor吴汉润 Winner of the 1985 Oscar for Best Supporting actor for his unforgettable performance in the Killing Fields, gunned down in Chinatown in 1996. Bessie Loo  Early Hollywood agent who specialized in roles for Asian American artists John Lone  尊龙  Actor who played Pu Yi in Bertolucci's The Last Emperor Joan Chen  陈冲  Actress who played in many roles in the 80's and 90's Lucy Liu   刘玉玲  Reigning queen of Hollywood martial arts action films Bai Ling  白灵 Actress who was also a client of Jadin Wong David Henry Hwang  黄哲伦  Multi-talented artist best known for his play and film M. Butterfly Larry Ching  The Chinese Sinatra, and a future CHP topic one day. The Kim Loo Sisters  known as The Chinese Andrews Sisters Dorothy Fong Toy  known as The Chinese Ginger Rogers You Yat Mar  The Chinese Sophie Tucker Chai Hong   The Chinese Chaplin Barbara Jean Wong  The Chinese Shirley Temple Nancy Kwan   关家蒨  Famous for her roles in The World of Suzie Wong and The Flower Drum Song Keye Luke   陆锡麟  Best known for his role as Charlie Chan's Number One Son, Keye Luke had a very prolific and successful career in Hollywood. Victor Sen Yung   杨森  Best known for his role as Hop Sing on Bonanza Benson Fong   邝炳雄  Famous for many roles and for his Ah Fong's restaurants Sammee Tong  Played John Forsyth's houseboy Peter Tong in The Bachelor Father TV series Kam Fong  Most famous for his role as Chin Ho Kelly in the old Hawaii Five-0 series. Tsai Chin   周采芹  Had a rich career on stage and on screen. Unforgettable in You Only Live Twice and The Joy Luck Club Lisa Lu  卢燕  Three time Golden Horse Award winner. Still active in the movies and on TV since 1958.  Played the dying Empress Dowager Cixi in The Last Emperor. James Wong Howe   黄宗霑  The immortal Hollywood cinematographer. Did over 130 films. Famous for Deep Focus cinematography. Nominated for ten Oscars, won two.  His own life was like a movie. James Hong   吴汉章  One of the best known faces in Hollywood in over 500 roles on TV and in the movies. Played Lo Pan in John Carpenter's Big Trouble in Little China and Kahn, the butler in Chinatown.   Suggested Links for Further Study:  Arthur Dong: Deep Focus Productions Anna May Wong's IMDb Page The Chinese American Museum, Los Angeles The Chinese Historical Society of Southern California Asian American Arts Alliance - Jadin Wong Award   Books:  Forbidden City USA  - Book of the Arthur Dong documentary "Anna May Wong: From Laundryman's Daughter to Hollywood Legend", Graham Russell Gao Hodges" Scott Seligman amazon page Jenny Cho amazon page  Peter Kwong amazon page Bonnie Tsui amazon page Edward Said: Orientalism   Videos Forbidden City USA DVD  Hollywood Chinese - Arthur Dong documentary Danwei TV Video on Anna May Wong with Sufei Anna May Wong in The Toll of the Sea (YouTube)  Anna May Wong in Bombs Over Burma (YouTube) Anna May Wong The Lady From Chungking (You Tube) Yunah Hong speaking about her documentary on Anna May Wong

History
Published: Aug. 31, 2015, 6:05 a.m.

CHP-158-The Rise and Fall of the Qin Part 2

This time Laszlo finishes off the Qin in two parts as promised.  Apologies for the lopsidedness of it all.  In this extra long episode Laszlo takes the Qin to their height and examines their legacy.  The Qin Dynasty had a spectacular fall lasting only a few years after the early death of its founder Qin Shihuang. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  The First Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE Qin  秦  The kingdom and later dynasty, led by the Ying Clan. Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name  Duke Xiao   秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE King Huiwen or King Hui  秦惠文王  King of Qin 338-311 BCE, son of Zhaoxiang Chengdu   成都  Largest city and capital of Sichuan, site of the ancient Shu Kingdom Qinling Mountains  秦岭Mountain range separating Shaanxi from Sichuan, also Qin Mountains (ling 岭means mountain range) Wei River   渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River Shaanxi  陕西 Province in China, capital is Xian Sichuan  四川  Province in southwest China Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu Shiniu Dao  石牛道 the Stone Cattle Road Ba State   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing Chongqing  重庆  Municipality formerly part of Sichuan Wu Lizhen   吴理真  Planted seven tea trees on Mengding Mountain, first known tea cultivation Mengding Shan  蒙顶山 Mountain near Chengdu site of the first known cultivation of tea Sanxingdui   三星堆  Archaeological discovery of an ancient non-Han civilization located halfway between Chengdu and Deyang. Jinsha   金沙  Another great archaeological discovery near Chengdu. Dujiangyan  都江堰  One of the most important irrigation projects in Chinese history. It tamed the Min River and  changed the face of agriculture in Sichuan. Li Bing   李冰  The Qin governor down in Sichuan, directed construction of Dujiangyan. Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king Zhaoxiang the winning strategy King Zhāoxiāng, Qin Zhao Wang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE Bai Qi白起  Qin general served under Zhaoxiang.  Undefeated. Meixian陕西眉县 Mei County in Shaanxi, west of Xian. Ren Tu  人屠  The Butcher of Men, Bai Qi's nickname (well-earned I might add) Si Da Ming Jiang  四大名将  the four great generals of the day.  Bai Qi白起, Lian Po  廉颇, Li Mu李牧 and  Wang Jian 王翦 Battle of Changping   长平之战 The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE Chu State   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei Zuo Shu zhang 秦朝左庶长 left militia general Han  韩国  The Han Sate, sandwiched between Chu, Qin and Wei Wei  魏国  Kingdom of Wei, east of Qin, south of Zhao Yichuan County  伊川县is located in Henan just south of Luoyang near the famous Longmen Grottoes. The Longmen Grottoes  龙门石窟  UNESCO Heritage site containing thousands of statues of Buddha and paintings. Battle of Yique伊阙, near modern day Longmen, 293 BCE Qin defeated the combined armies of Wei and Han. Sima Cuo  司马错 Qin general. Advised Huiwen to annex Shu and Ba Huaxia  华夏  Ancient core China early name Zhao   赵国  Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley Handan   City in Hebei Province, also the capital of Zhao Zhao Kuo   赵括 Son Zhao She, got beat bad at the Battle of Changping Zhao She赵奢 Zhao general who once gave the Qin a lickin' chengyu   成语 Chinese saying or proverb, usually but not always four characters zhishang tan bing 纸上谈兵  To discuss military strategy on paper King Xiaocheng趙孝成王 King of Zhao who pulled Lian Po from the roster and put in Zhao Kuo Huaihai Campaign   淮海战役One of the three final campaigns of the Chinese Civil War of 1948-49. Sima Qian  司马迁  China's Herodotus, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian Gaoping 高平  County level city in southeast Shanxi, site of the Battle of Changping Shanxi   山西 Province in China just east of Shaanxi Shennong   神农  The Divine Farmer, legendary discoverer of tea who gifted the Shen Nong Classic of Herbal Medicine. Yan Di    炎帝 The Flame Emperor, considered to be Shennong Zhou  周朝  The Zhou Dynasty Ji clan    姬家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family King Nǎn, Zhou Nan Wang周赧王 Last emperor of the Zhou Dynasty King Xiaowen 秦孝文王 Also known as Lord Anguo, Qin Shihuang's grandfather. Didn't reign too long. Shi Ji   史记  The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian Han Dynasty  汉朝 One of China's greatest dynasties 206 BCE-220 CE Lü Buwei  吕不韦  The man who put Qin Shihuang's father on the throne. Regent for young Qin Shihuang. Zhao Ji 赵姬 Qin Shihuang's mother and a lover to many men (so says Sima Qian) Lao Ai  嫪毐 Introduced to Zhao Ji after she became the Queen Dowager, tried and failed to seize power Li Si   李斯 Took the philosophy of Legalism to great heights. Qin Shihuang's right hand man. Zhao Gao 赵高 Palace eunuch who conspired with Li Si against Qin Shihuang's wishes. Fu Su   扶苏 Qin Shihuang's heir, tricked into committing suicide Hu Hai  胡亥 Younger son of Qin Shihuang, allowed Lao Ai and Li Si to stack the deck and allow him to become the new emperor Meng Tian  蒙恬  Great Qin general who did most of his fighting in the north.  Key person in the construction of the Great Wall Wey State卫国 Different from Wei State 魏国.  Absorbed by Jin before it broken up。Lü Buwei was from Wey. Zichu 子楚 Other name of Qin Shihuang's father and later King Zhuangxiang. Lady Huayang  华阳夫人 Wife of Qin King Xiaowen Zhengguo Canal  郑国渠  joined together the Jing and Luo Rivers, both tributaries of the Wei. Named after the builder Zheng Guo Chelie 车裂  An ancient punishment where a person was tied to five chariots and pulled apart. Lin Biao  林彪  Great military man and one time heir to Chairman Mao. Jing Ke  荆轲  Assassin from Yan who wasn't able to bury his poison dagger into Ying Zheng Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing Chen Kaige 陈凯歌 Great Chinese film director. The Emperor and the Assassin Gong Li  巩俐  Famous and talented Chinese actress Zhang Yimou 张艺谋 One of the great film directors of China Xiang Yu   项羽  The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91 Qi   齐国  Qi State  near Shandong Zibo 淄博 Former capital of the Qi State Lu  鲁国  State to the south of Qi.  Confucius came from Lu. Qi Lu Liangguo 齐鲁两国  The two Shandong kingdoms of Qi and Lu Shandong   山东  Northeastern province of China Wang Ben  王贲 Son of one of the four great generals of the Warring States period Zhou Wu Wang 周武王 Co-founder of the Zhou, brother of the Duke of Zhou Shang Dynasty   商朝  The Shang Dynasty 1600 BCE - 1046 BCE King Zhou 商纣王  Last Shang King, and a wicked one at that. Also known as Di Xin Huangdi  皇帝  Emperor San Huang Wu Di   三皇五帝  The mythical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors Shi'er Jinren  十二金人  Twelve Gold Men made from all the melted down weapons handed in from the defeated warring states Xianyang   咸阳 Near modern day Xian. Capital of Qin Lingnan   岭南the southern region of China comprising mostly Guangdong and Guangxi Guangdong 广东 southernmost province of continental China and a rich one at that Guangxi  广西 An autonomous region just west of Guangdong Fujian  福建  Province just north of Guangdong Baiyue百越 The Hundred Yue Nanyue  南越 the southern Yue Tu Sui  屠睢  Qin general who got schooled when he invaded the Lingnan region Han Wudi 汉武帝 Great conquering emperor of the Western Han Dynasty beifang caoyuan 北方草原  The grasslands of the north Xiongnu  匈奴  Also referred to sometimes as the Huns, a northern nomadic people Xiang Jiang  湘江 The Xiang River Dongting Lake  洞庭湖 the dividing marker between Hubei and Hunan. Guilin  桂林 Gorgeous city in Guangxi Li Jiang  漓江 the Li River (not to be confused with the other Li River 丽江 Min 岷江  Min River in Sichuan, tamed by the Dujiangyan irrigation project Lingqu Canal 灵渠 The Ling Canal...linked the Xiang with the Li Qinchao Sanda Shuiligongcheng秦朝三大水利工程  The three great irrigation project of the Qin Shi Lu史禄  Architect of the Ling Qu, the Ling Canal zhishi fenzi知识分子 intellectuals Huizong 宋徽宗  Song Dynasty emperor, featured in a CHP four-part series Siku Quanshu 四库全书  The Emperor's Four Treasures, commissioned by Qianlong. 36,381 Volumes divided up into 79,000 chapters, over two million pages and about 800 million characters. Dapingtai Village 大平台村  The village in Hebei where the Qin emperor died Qin Èrshì  秦二世  The Second Qin Emperor Dazexiang Uprising  大泽乡起义The first major uprising against the Qin - July to December in the year 209 BCE Chen Sheng陈胜also known as Chen She陈涉 One of the leaders of the Dazexiang Uprising Wu Guang  吴广 The other leader of the Dazexiang Uprising Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder Wu Xíng 五刑  The Five Pains.  Tattooing the face, nose cut off, foot cut off, private parts cut off and the fifth pain for Li Si was the old Yāozhǎn.  Cut in half at the waist Ziying  子婴  The third and final Qin emperor, reigned for 46 days Battle of Julu  钜鹿之战  fought near present day Xingtai in Hebei, Xiang Yu, leading the Chu army knocked the Qin army out clean in 207 BCE Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty Sanmenxia 三门峡City in Henan in the cradle of Chinese civilization Nanhai Commandery南海郡 The Qin office that administered the two Guang's, based near Guangzhou Zhao Tuo  赵佗  Qin officer in charge of the Nanhai Commandery. Founded the Nanyue Kingdom Lüshi Chunqiu  吕氏春秋 Master Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals. banliangqian  半两钱 Qin standardized coin that weighed eight liang banliang  半两 half a liang. 16 liang equaled a jin One Jin was 0.604 kilos or 1.3 lbs banjin baliang  半斤八两 Our English version of six of one and a half dozen of the other.   Historic Teas of China available at Teasenz.com The Link is here:  HISTORIC TEAS OF CHINA The Teas you get:  1.     Dahongpao 大红袍 from Wuyi Mountain, Fujian 2.     Tieguanyin 铁观音 from Anxi, Fujian 3.     Huangshan Maofeng黄山毛峰from Huang Shan Anhui Province 4.     Longjing 西湖龙井 from West Lake, Hangzhou 5.     Two kinds of raw Pu-erh 普洱 tea in loose and brick form.   Two books I used prodigiously for this Qin Two-Part series:   Frances Wood, "The First Emperor of China"   Mark Edward Lewis: "The Early Chinese Empires: Qin and Han"

History
Published: Aug. 15, 2015, 5:17 a.m.

CHP-157-The Rise and Fall of the Qin Part 1

In this first of two episodes Laszlo gives Qin Shihuang, the subject of the first ever China History Podcast episode, a total makeover.   The Historic Teas of China: Check it out right here:  http://www.teasenz.com/historic-teas-china-gift-box   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qin Shi Huang  秦始皇 The first emperor of China, Qin Dynasty founder Y.K. Pao  包玉刚  Featured in CHP-124, HK tycoon and philanthropist Zhongguo ren   中国人  A Chinese Zhao  赵国  Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley Qi   齐国  Qi State  near Shandong Chu   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei Yue   越国  Yue State  near Zhejiang Ba   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu Zhou   周朝  The Zhou Dynasty Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing Xia   夏朝  The Xia Dynasty, mythical they say it was... Shang   商朝  The Shang Dynasty Sima Qian   司马迁  China's Herodotus Shiji   史记  The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian Song dynasty   宋朝  The Song Dynasty Lintong, Shaanxi   陕西临潼  Town outside Xian where the terra cotta warriors were found Puyi   溥仪  China's Last Emperor Ying   嬴  The surname of the Qin Kings and Dukes Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name Ying Zhuangxiang   秦庄襄王  Qin Shihuang's father Wei River  渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River Xian   西安  Capital of Shaanxi, one of China's most ancient cities. Gansu   甘肃  Western Province in China Tianshui   天水  Gansu's second largest city after Lanzhou Rong    戎  "Barbarian" people to the west and north of the core China Si Yi    四夷  The "Four Barbarians" Dongyi   东夷 One of the four "barbarians" Beidi   北狄  One of the four "barbarians" Nanman  南蛮  One of the four "barbarians" Duke Xiang   秦襄公Qin leader 777-766 BCE Ji Family   姬家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty Chengzhou   成周  Ancient name of Luoyang Zhou King Ping   周平王 Zhou King 770-720 Duke Wen   秦文公   Qin ruler 765-716 BCE Shaanxi and Shanxi   陕西/山西Neighboring provinces that almost sound the same Hubei  湖北  Central China province Henan   河南  Central China province Hebei   河北  North-central China province Shandong   山东  North eastern province of China Anhui   安徽  Central China province Yu the Great   大禹  Xia Dynasty Founder Huaxia  华夏  Ancient core China early name Qin Mu Gong   秦穆公  Qin Ruler 659-621 Bawang  霸王  A hegemon Wu State   吴国  State around Suzhou-Wuxi area King Helü   阖闾  King of Wu  514-496 BCE The Battle of Jìnyáng  金阳之战  Battle of Jinyang 455-453 BCE Taiyuan   太原  Capital of Shanxi Zhi state  智国  The Zhi state, annihilated at the Battle of Jinyang San Jia Fen Jìn   三家分晋   the Partition of Jin between 434 and 403 BCE. Qi Xiong   七雄  The final seven warring states Linzi  临淄   just east of modern day Zibo Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE Pi  錍  A kind of ancient weapon similar to a dagger on a long stick Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好办事  When you have a lot of people to do the job, it's much easier. Shi   士  knight, scholar Zaixiang  宰相  chancellor or chief minister Duke Xiao  秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE chelie   车裂  death by being pulled apart by 5 chariots zhulian jiuzu   株连九族 a.k.a. the zuzhu  族诛  That meant when Shang Yang went down, so did his whole family: parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, uncles and uncle's spouses...they all had to go. Xiang Yu   项羽  The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91 Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder Shang Jun Shu商君书or just the Shangzi  商子  credited to Shang Yu, the blueprint fort Legalism and how to run the Qin State. Han Feizi   韩非子lived from 280 to 236 BCE The man who made Legalism famous Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king the strategy of yuanjiao jingong.   yuan jiao jin gong   远交近攻   Make allies of those far away in order to focus on defeating those who are nearby. King Zhaoxiang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE Battle of Changping   长平之战The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE

History
Published: Aug. 2, 2015, 3:47 a.m.

CHP-156-Joseph Needham Part 2

In this Part 2 episode Laszlo continues his intro of Joseph Needham in 1943 right after Needham returned from his perilous adventure to the northwest of China to visit the sights of Dunhuang.  We'll conclude the life of Joseph Needham in this episode. He truly was, as Simon Winchester called him, "The Man Who Loved China."       Terms from this episode:   Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhui  剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会The Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office, the Mogao Grottoes   莫高窟  The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found. Chongqing   重庆  Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking Fujian province  福建省 Province on the east coast of China below Zhejiang Fuzhou   福州  Capital of Fujian Kunming   昆明  Capital of Yunnan Zhongguo Kēxué jìshù shi 中国科学技术史  Science and Civilization in China Nantong  南通  City in Jiangsu Jiangsu   江苏  Province on east coast of China north of Zhejiang Wang Ling   王玲  Chinese and Australian educator and researcher Lizhuang   李庄  City located on the banks of the Yangzi Sichuan   四川  Province in the soutwest next door to Tibet Zhú Kězhēn  竺可桢  Professor Coching Chu, Zhejiang University president 1936-49. Gǔjīn Túshū Jíchéng   古今图书集成  Complete Collection of Illustrations and Writings of Ancient and Modern Times Lu Guizhen   鲁桂珍 (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham Xiangqi   象棋 Chinese version of chess Guō Mòruò    郭沫若 great writer, poet and archaeologist  Shenyang   沈阳  Capital of Liaoning, also known in the past as Mukden Lu Shiguo   鲁仕国  Father of Lu Guizhen Zhongguo   中国  China, the Middle Kingdom Qián Cúnxùn  钱存训  Professor T.H. Tsien (Tsien Tsuen-hsuin).  A giant in Chinese library science.  Wrote Volume V, Part 1 on paper and printing. Simon Winchester's amazon page click here

History
Published: July 8, 2015, 3:35 p.m.

CHP-155-Joseph Needham Part 1

In this long awaited topic Laszlo introduces "The Man Who Loved China", Dr. Joseph Needham.  A true friend of China for most of his adult life, Needham's contribution was the epic work "Science and Civilization in China".  Today this massive undertaking is spread out over 24 volumes, 17 of which were written in Needham's own lifetime.  Prior to Jospeh Needham getting the word out, China was not getting the respect it deserved for all its great contributions to human civilization.  He carried out intensive research and brought his findings to the public.  In this Part 1 episode we only go up to 1943 and the end of Needham's first expedition in China.  TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Zhongguo Kexue jìshù shi  中国科学技术史  Science and Civilization in China Lu Guizhen   鲁桂珍  (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham Luo Zhongshu   罗忠恕  (1903-1985) Scholar who got the word out in the west about China's suffering under Japan. Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhui 剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会  Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office Lu Shiguo鲁仕国  Father of Lu Guizhen luohou  落后  backwards Chongqing  重庆  Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking Huang Xingzong  黄兴宗 H.T. Huang Min River   岷江  Great river of China where Dujiangyan is located Dadu River  大渡河  Another tributary of the Yangzi Lushan  芦山  City in Sichuan near Ya'an, (written in the book as Loushan) Lizhuang  李庄 City located on the banks of the Yangzi Anyang   安阳 City in northern Henan where the Shang period Yin Ruins are located Wang Yuanlu  王圆箓  The guy who got duped into selling 24 wagon loads of treasure, including the Diamond Sutra to Aurel Stein for about 220 quid. Hanzhong   汉中   City in Shaanxi Baoji  宝鸡  Another city in Shaanxi Shaanxi   陕西  One of the great ancient provinces of China Jiayuguan  嘉峪关  End of the line as far as the Great Wall went.  Dunhuang   敦煌  Great trading city and center for Buddhist learning. Liao Hongying   廖鸿英Chemist, Worked for British Council in Chengdu Dujiangyan  都江堰  One of the greatest civil irrigation projects in human history that provided benefits to hundreds of millions of people since it was built in 256 BCE Qin Shihuang   秦始皇 The Qin emperor Li Bīng   李冰  The official credited with overseeing the entire Dujiangyan project. Shu kingdom   蜀国 The Kingdom located in and around where present-day Chengdu is located. Shuangshipu  双石铺A town near Baoji in Shaanxi Héxī Corridor河西走廊  The geographic region running east and west inside Gansu Province.  It was an ancient road from thousands of years ago. Mogao Caves  莫高窟  The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found. Northern Zhou  北周  (557-581) A northern Dynasty during the Northern & Southern Dynasties Period Nanbei Chao   南北朝  (420-589) The Northern and Southern Dynasties Period Yang Jian    杨坚 Former Northern Zhou official who went on to found the Sui Dynasty. Simon Winchester amazon.com page:  http://www.amazon.com/Simon-Winchester/e/B000APLU5E/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1435163989&sr;=8-1  

History
Published: June 22, 2015, 11:49 p.m.

CHP-154-The Secret Nüshu Script

In this shorter than usual episode Laszlo introduces a little piece of culture taken from the southern portion of Hunan Province.  Generations of illiterate women from a single county on the Hunan-Guangxi border, denied education, created their own writing script.  Men never learned it and so it was used by these women to communicate with each other and to record their secret throughts and inspirations.  Almost lost to posterity, Nüshu has made somewhat of a revival and today others are learning it and keeping it alive.  Terms from this Episode   Nüshu  女书  Shang Dynasty  商朝  The Shang Dynasty Xiangnan Tuhua  湘南土话  The local dialect of southern Hunan Chengguan Tuhua  城关土话  The dialect in and around Shangjiangxu Town Cun  村  Village Jiangyong County   江永县  Hunan  湖南  Province in China Guangxi  广西 Province in China Guilin  桂林  City in Guangxi Shen Nong  神农  You all remember him from the Tea Series, right?? Yao People  瑶族  The Yao minority people, also called the Dao in Vietnam Shangjiangxu Town  上江圩镇  Ground Zero for Nüshu culture, located in Jiangyong County Nüshu wenhua  女书文化  Nüshu Culture Jiebai Zimei  结拜姊妹  Sworn Sisters Laotong  老同  “Old Same” A very close relationship arranged between two girls.  It lasted a lifetime Jiangyong Xian 江永县 Jiangyong County Sanzhao  三朝  A custom followed on the third day after marriage or after birth Sanzhaoshu  三朝书  The Third Day Book Xianfeng Emperor  咸丰帝 Guangxu Emperor  光绪帝 Yang Huanyi  阳焕宜  The last person who actually lived the Nüshu Culture. Puyi   溥仪  The Last Emperor Putonghua  普通话  Mandarin (language) Zhou Shuoyi  周硕沂  Researcher who did much to revive Nüshu Culture Yang Yueqing  杨月清 Canadian Film maker     Lisa See  http://www.lisasee.com/ Lisa See’s Novel about Nüshu, Snow Flower and the Secret Fan   Learn Mandarin at MSL MASTER:  http://mslmaster.com   Yang Yueqing’s documentary “Nü Shu: A Hidden Language of Women in China” http://www.wmm.com/filmcatalog/makers/fm432.shtml

History
Published: May 21, 2015, 1:12 p.m.

CHP-153-The History of Opium in China

In this episode Laszlo examines remarks made by distinguished UCLA Professor of Public Policy Mark Kleiman who had commented on Britain's participation in the Opium War.  The main point was that the cause of the Opium War was due more to protecting imperial tax revenues and the domestic market than trying to stamp out the opium problem. Opium's history in China began centuries before, at least during the Tang and maybe as far back as the Eastern Jin.  The focus of this episode is on opium's history in China prior to the Opium War.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE lao pengyou  老朋友   Old friends. Xia Dynasty  夏朝 Shang Dynasty  商朝 Eastern Zhou  东周 Eastern Jin   东晋 Nanfang Caomu Zhuang  南方草木装  Western Jin Scholar Ji Han (嵇含) A Fu Rong 阿芙蓉  Ancient name for opium A Fei Rong 阿肥蓉   Another name for opium He Fu Rong 合甫融  Another name for opium Yapian   鸦片Opium from the Arabic / Persian work afyun Jiu Tang Shu  旧唐书  The Old Book of Tang Chen Cangqi’s Bencao Shiyi  陈藏器,本草拾遗   the Supplement to the Materia Medica Tang Xuanzong  唐玄宗  Tang emperor on duty when the dynasty peaked a second time. Southern Song  南宋  Ying Su 罂粟poppy Su Dongpo    苏东坡  a.k.a. Su Shi  苏轼 Xu Boling  徐伯龄 Wrote in 1483 about opium’s use in China as an aphrodisiac Siku Quanshu  四库全书  The Complete Library of the Four Treasures Qianlong 乾隆帝  The long reigning Qianlong emperor Yongle Emperor   永乐大典  Yongle Encyclopedia Xie Zhaozhe  谢肇淛 lived in late 16th – early 17th century Ming Dynasty China was a prolific writer of books Ming Chenghua  明成化  Ming emperor chunyao  春药  aphrodisiac Li Shízhēn 李時珍 Compendium of Materia Medica, the Bencao Gangmu 本草纲目 - 1578 Tainan  台南  City on south coast of Taiwan Madak  玛达克  Mixture of opium and tobacco Ming Chongzhen  明崇祯  Final Ming emperor, committed suicide when the dynasty fell Wan Li Emperor 明万历  Ming emperor Shisan Ling   十三陵  the Thirteen Ming Tombs just north of Beijing Dingling  定陵  The Wanli Emperor's Tomb, excavated in 1956 Lady Zheng  郑贵妃  Wanli Emperor’s favorite consort Kangxi emperor  康熙  Great and long reigning Qing emperor Yongzheng Emperor   雍正  Successor to the Kangxi emperor Jiajing Emperor  嘉靖  Qing emperor who followed the Qianlong emperor Daoguang emperor  道光   Qing emperor who was on duty when the roof caved in on China da Tu   大土  Patna opium (big soil) xiao tu   小土  Malwa opium (马尔瓦鸦片) (small soil) gong tu   公土   Another name for Malwa opium common soil. Lin Zexu  林则徐  Chinese hero who stood up to Britain Zhang Changjia  张昌甲 wrote a book in 1878 called “Opium Talk”, Yan Hua.  Pu Yi  溥仪  The last Qing emperor Empress Wanrong  婉容皇后  Empress of China’s last emperor Pu Yi Chen Chong  陈冲  Joan Chen Du Yuesheng   杜月笙  Big-Ears Tu Yapian Guan   鸦片馆  An opium house Yan Guan   烟馆  An opium house Ying chou   迎抽 A welcome smoke offered a gues upon arriving at your house Shen Nong  神农   Lu Yu   陆羽     ChineseSkill: Find it at http://www.chinese-skill.com/cs.html Download the free APP and start learning to speak Mandarin like the Pro's!   For more on opium and eroticism in Chinese literature: Keith McMahon http://kmcmahon.faculty.ku.edu// Professor, Chinese Language and Literature East Asian Languages and Cultures University of Kansas  Peter Lee's Opium Culture amazon link Narcotic Culture - A History of Drugs in China

History
Published: April 27, 2015, 10:24 p.m.

CHP-152-The Flying Tigers Part 2

Laszlo finishes off the CHP overview of the story of the AVG in World War II.  In this episode the battle commences on December 20, 1941. From that point forward until the organization was disbanded on July 4, 1942 the Flying Tigers wrote their name into the history books.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Song Meiling 宋美龄 Soong Mei-ling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek T.V. Song  宋子文  T.V. Soong, brother of Song Meiling Yunnan  云南  Province in Southwestern China Fei Hu  飞虎  The Flying Tigers Kunming  昆明  Capital of Yunnan Chen Xiangmei  陈香梅  Anna Chennault, 2nd wife of Claire Chennault Nu Jiang  怒江  The Salween River separating Yunnan from Burma Guilin  桂林  City in Guangxi Hengyang  衡阳  City in Hunan Yangren laihua zhuzhan, junmin yiti jiuhu   洋人来华助战,军民一体救护 (洋人來華助戰,軍民一體救護) This foreigner has come to China to help in the war. Soldiers and civilians, one and all, should rescue and protect him. Hangkong Weiyuanhui 航空委员会  The Aviation Committee Zhongguo Laobaixing  中国老百姓  The Chinese People Jianchuan Museum 建川博物馆聚落  The Jianchuan Museum Complex Feihu Qibingguan  飞虎奇兵馆  The Flying Tigers Museum Fan Jianchuan  樊建川  Chengdu real estate mogul, founder of the museum complex Daniel Ford's Book:  Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American Volunteers 1941-1942 The Jianchuan Museum Complex Web Site The Flying Tigers Official Web Site Ray Harris's History of WWII Podcast

History
Published: April 3, 2015, 8:08 p.m.

CHP-151-The Flying Tigers Part 1

In this Part 1 episode Laszlo provides all the setup and background for the magnificent story of the American Volunteer Group, known more popularly as The Flying Tigers.  Their’s was only an eight month long story but their success at a time when all seemed hopeless provided an inspiration to many and showed Japan was not invincible.    Terms from this episode:   Zhong-Mei guanxi  中美关系  Sino-US relations Zhōng-Mei hezuo  中美合作   Sino-US cooperation Maguan Tiaoyue     马关条约   The Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895 Jiuyiba   九一八   The Mukden Incident of 9-18-1931 Qiqi Shibian  七七事变  the Marco Polo Bridge Incident 7-7-1937 Chongqing   重庆  The wartime capital of Chongqing (also known as Chungking) Kunming   昆明  Capital of Yunnan province.  Terminus of the Burma Road T.V. Soong   宋子文  The often US-based brother of the Song sisters Ailing  宋蔼龄  Oldest sister, Song Ailing, wife of Winston H.H. Kung Qingling  宋庆龄   Middle sister, Song Qingling, Madame Sun Yat-sen Meiling   宋美龄   Youngest sister, Song Meiling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek Baituan Dazhan   百团大战 the Hundred Regiments Offensive late 1940 Peng Dehuai   彭德怀  Legendary PLA general who led the Hundred Regiments Offensive Sanguang Zhengce   三光政策  Japan’s horrific Three All’s Policy Diamian Gonglu  滇缅公路  The Burma Road  

History
Published: March 21, 2015, 7:39 p.m.

CHP-150-The History of the Hakka People

CHP-150-The Hakka’s   In this milestone 150th CHP episode Laszlo shines a light on the Hakka people and where they fit in Chinese history.  There are no shortages of authoritative sources that all disagree as to their origins ands when the Hakka’s migrated from where to where.  Legends and stereotypes surrounded this sub-group of Chinese.  But one thing is for sure they  have carved an indelible spot in worldwide Chinese culture.  More than 80 million Hakka’s call this solar system their home.  Fifty minutes hardly offers a comprehensive look at any culture, let alone 客家文化.   In this episode Laszlo offers a general overview.  As always there is plenty of reading you can do and videos you can watch that give you a more satisfying meal than this episode can.  Terms from this Episode Hakka people  客家人  Translates to “Guest People” Gan  赣  Abbreviation for Jiangxi Province Gan River  赣江  Main river in Jiangxi Ganzhou   赣州  City in Jiangxi Sima Yan   司马炎  Founded Jin Dynasty. Temple name Jin Wudi Cao Wei   曹魏  Northern of the Three Kingdoms Shu  蜀汉  The western of the Three Kingdoms Wu  东吴  The eastern of the Three Kingdoms Jin Dynasty  晋朝  Founded by Jin Wudi The Han  汉朝  The Han Dynasty Jin Wudi   晋武帝  Jin Dynasty founder Luoyang  洛阳  Ancient capital city in China history Emperor Min  晋愍帝  Last Western Jin emperor Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song Wuhu   五胡  The Five Barbarian Tribes Xiōngnú   匈奴  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Jié  羯One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Xianbei  鲜卑  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Dī   氐  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Qiāng  羌  One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Zhao   赵  Surname of the Song Dynasty emperors Jiankang  建康  Ancient name of Nanjing Nanjing   南京  City in Jiangsu, means Southern capital Liu Yu   刘裕  Founder of the Liu Song (also known as 刘宋武帝) Liu Song   刘宋  First of the Southern Kingdoms Nanbei Chao   南北朝  The Southern and Northern Kingdoms period Shibi Village   石壁村  Place in Fujian where the Hakka’s first settled Yan’an   延安  City in Shaanxi, where the Long March concluded Zudi  祖地  Ancestral land Ninghua County  宁化县  County in Fujian Tingzhou   汀洲  Another place not far from Shibi where the Hakka’s first assembled Changting   长汀  Present day name for Tingzhou Luo Xianglin   罗祥林  Hakka historian Kejia Yanjiu Daoliu  客家研究导流  Luo Xianglin’s 1933 book “An Introduction to the Study of the Hakka’s,” Huang Chao Uprising  黄巢之乱  Uprising in the late Tang from 881 to 884 Zhao Kuangyin   赵匡胤  Founder of the Song Dynasty Kaifeng   开封  Capital of the Northern Song Lin’an   临安  Capital of Southern Song (present day Hangzhou) Zheng Chenggong   郑成功  Taiwan hero, better known as Koxinga Kangxi emperor   康熙  Long reigning early Qing Dynasty emperor Qian Hai Ling   遷海令The Great Clearance, or coastal evacuation Bendi  本地  Also known as the Punt in Cantonese, means Native Chaozhou  潮州City in Guangdong, above Shantou.  The people are known as Teochew Shantou   汕头  Coastal city in Guangdong adjacent to Chaozhou Chaoshan   潮汕  Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou Jieyang  揭阳  Predominantly Hakka city just west of Chaozhou and Shantou. Yue   粤  Abbreviation for Guangdong Kejia ren  客家人  A Hakka Person Meizhou   梅州  City in northeast Guangdong Biaozhun   标准  a standard Meixian  梅县 Mei County Yanju Ji   盐焗鸡  Salt Baked Chicken Niang Doufu   酿豆腐  The most famous Hakka dish Tu Kè Xièdòu   土客械斗   The Punti-Hakka Clan Wars from1855 and 1867 Taishan   台山  City known as Toi San. Qingchao Monian   清朝末年  The final years of the Qing dynasty Min   闽  Fujian people, also an abbreviation of Fujian Hong Xiuquan   洪秀全  Responsible for the Taiping Rebellion Xiang   湘  Abbreviation of Hunan Han Su-yin  韩素音  Born in Xinyang, Henan, home of Xinyang Maojian tea. Han Su Yin was the pen name of author Elizabeth Comber Hsieh T’ing-yu  Historian who wrote The Origin and Migrations of the Hakkas (1929) Nàxī  纳西  Ethnic minority group around Lijiang in Yunnan Tulou   土楼  The circular and square Hakka compounds Hui   回  The character “to return”. Yongding County   永定县 County in southern Fujian near Guangdong border Weilong Wu   围龙屋  Distinctive single level concentric U-shaped structures Kejia shange   客家山歌  Hakka mountain folk songs Leicha   擂茶  Hakka pounded tea   Famous Hakka Deng Xiaoping   邓小平 Yang Shangkun  杨尚昆 Lee Kwan Yew   李光耀 Zhu De   朱德 Ye Jianying   叶剑英 Su Yu  粟裕 Chen Yi  陈毅 Hua Guofeng   华国锋 Hu Yaobang   胡耀邦 Guo Moruo  郭沫若 Liu Bocheng   刘伯承(maybe) Nie Rongzhen   聂荣臻  (maybe) Zhang Guotao   张国焘 Ouyang Xiu   欧阳修 Aw Boon Haw   胡文虎 Aw Boon Par  胡文豹 Chow Yun-fat   周润发 Lee Denghui   李登辉 Charlie Soong   宋嘉树 Song Ailing   宋爱玲 Song Qingling宋庆龄 Song Meiling   宋美龄 T.V. Soong   宋子文   Henan Xinyang Maojian tea  河南信阳毛尖茶 Láoshan   崂山 谢谢温老师!     Jemimah Steinfeld:  Little Emperors and Material Girls: Youth and Sex in Modern China Mary Erbaugh."The Secret History of the Hakkas: The Chinese revolution as a Hakka Enterprise" University of Pittsburgh Professor and Director of their Asian Studies Center Nicole Constable: Guest People: Hakka Identity in China and Abroad

History
Published: Feb. 28, 2015, 5:40 p.m.

CHP-149-The History of Tea Part 10

In this final episode of the CHP's ten-part History of Tea series Laszlo travels from province to province introducing the more famous of China's teas.   The History of Tea Part 10 Terms   Pu’er普洱  City in Yunnan famous for Pu’er Tea Qingming Festival  清明节 Grave Sweeping Festival, usually around April 5-6 Shu Pu’er  熟普洱Ripe Pu’er Tea Wodui  渥堆  The process to speed up the ripening of Pu’er tea Longjing tea  龙井茶  The famous green tea from the West Lake area in Hangzhou Qianlong  乾隆帝  Qing dynasty emperor. No need to get into an detail. Hugong Temple 胡公庙Temple in Longjing Village Shanzhai 山寨  Slang for cheap imitation consumer goods Maojian   毛尖  “Downy tip” or “Fur tip” tea leaves consisting of a bud and single leaf. Maofeng   毛峰  The classic bud set consisting of a bud and the two top leaves. Zhucha  珠茶  “Pearl” Tea or Gunpowder Tea. Pingshui 平水  Pingshui, just south of Shaoxing 紹興 Huangshan Maofeng  黄山毛峰  The most famous “maofeng” tea from the Huangshan area in Anhui Huangshan  黄山  One of China’s sacred mountains, located in Anhui Lu’an  六安  City in Anhui Lu’an Guapian  六安瓜片  The specialty of Lu’an, Melon Seed Tea Shanghai Tianshan Chacheng  上海天山茶城 A tea shopping center located in Shanghai Chacheng  茶城  A tea city, the name given to these “tea malls” Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea from the cliffs of Wuyi Shan Xinyang Maojian  信阳毛尖  The specialty of Henan province, the most northerly grown tea in China. Jiān  尖  Tip Tsim Sha Tsui  尖沙咀  The district at the southern tip of Kowloon in Hong Kong Xishuangbanna  西双版纳 City in southern Yunnan, ground zero for wild tea trees Ankang  安康  Prefectural-level city located at the southeast corner of Shaanxi province. Known as the city of folk songs. Ziyang Maojian  紫阳毛尖茶  Selenium rich tea from Ziyang County in Shaanxi   Xī  硒  Selenium  Taiping Houkui  太平猴魁  Tea grown near Huangshan in Anhui Houkui  猴魁Monkey King Bai Mudan  白牡丹White Peony tea Baihao Yinzhen  白毫银针  Silver Needle tea.  Tieguanyin   铁观音Iron Goddess or Iron Buddha Tea named for Guanyin Anxi  安溪  City in southern Fujian famous for their Tieguanyin Tea Dancong  单枞The most famous tea coming from Guangdong province Chaozhou  潮州  City bordering Shantou on the southeast coast of Guangdong Shantou  汕头  City bordering Chaozhou on the southeast coast of Guangdong Shaxian  沙县  County in west central Fujian province famous for, among other things, their snack foods. Sanming  三明市  city located next to Sha County Jinjunmei   金骏眉A kind of black tea from Tongmu Village in Wuyi Shan Fujian Tongmu Village 桐木村  Village near Wuyi Shanknown as the birthplace of black tea Rougui  肉桂茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Da Hong Pao  大红袍茶  “Big Red Robe” tea. One of the greatest and renowned Rock Teas Tieluohan  铁罗汉茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Shuixian  水仙茶  Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Shui Jin Gui  水金龟茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Bai Ji Guan 白鸡冠茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Li Chunsheng 李春生 A Fujianese called Co-father of the Taiwan Tea industry. Left a great legacy in early Taiwan history. Duyun Maojian  都匀毛尖  Tea from Duyun, Guizhou, about two hours by car west of the capital Guiyang. Yugou Cha  鱼勾茶  Fish Hook Tea, former name of Duyun Maojian Tea Guiding Yunwu 贵顶云雾茶  A famous tea of Guizhou Province Meijiang Cuipian  眉江翠片茶  Another great Guizhou green tea Liubao六堡  in the eastern part of Guangxi near the border with Guangdong. Famous for their black tea. Particularly popular in Malaysia and among most all Pu’er lovers. Guiping Xishan tea  桂平西山茶Another great and much loved Guangxi Tea Gan Lu Tea甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan. Wu Lizhen  吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan. Mengding Shan 蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China Biancha  边茶  Border Tea, tea destined for the markets bordering China. They weren’t choosy. Renmin Gongyuan  人民公园  Nice park in central Chengdu where you can kick back, drink tea and groove on a little Chengdu traditional culture. Cháng zuǐhú  长嘴壶  A long spouted tea pot Chama Gudao  茶马古道 the Ancient Tea Horse Road Tú  荼  The old borrowed character for tea Chá  茶  The character for tea, beginning around Lu Yu’s time in the Tang Mengding shan Xueya  蒙顶山雪芽One of the big teas of the Mengding Shan area  Zhuyeqing  竹叶青茶 A great green tea from the E’Mei Shan area in Sichuan Qingcheng shan Snow Bud  青城山雪芽茶Another great Sichuan Tea from the Dujiangyan area E’mei Shan Maofeng  峨眉山毛峰  Yet another great green from Sichuan’s E’Mei Shan region. E’Mei Shan Bai Ya  峨眉山白牙Same with this one. Another famous Sichuan tea. Biluochun  碧螺春  “Green Snail Spring” tea from Jiangsu province. Kangxi  康熙  Grandfather of Qianlong.  Both of these emperors were great partons of imperial tea culture. Ming Mei tea茗眉茶a.k.a Lady’s Slender Eyebrows Tea, grown in Wuyuan County just east of Jingdezhen and just south of Wuyuan County  婺源县County in Jiangxi famous for, among other things, tea. Lushan Yunwu  庐山云雾  Jiangxi’s famous Lushan Cloud and Mist tea Jiujiang City  九江City on the western side of Lake Poyang in northwest Jiangxi Zhu De  朱德  Mao’s oldest comrade and PLA Founder.  A living legend in his time and beloved by the people. Zhu De's poem about Lushan Yunwu Tea, with Pinyin: Lúshān yúnwù chá, wèi nóng xìng pōlà, ruò dé chángshí yǐn, yánnián yìshòu fǎ.”  The flavor of Lushan Yunwu tea is strong and intense.  If you drink it for long it is a way to attain longevity. 庐山云雾茶,味浓性泼辣,若得长时饮,延年益寿法   Yichang 宜昌  Historic city in southern Hubei Jingmen  荆门Another ancient Hubei city located north of Yichang Yuan’an County  远安县County in Hubei. Yichang is the administrative seat. Famous for their Yuan’an Lu Yuan Tea. Yuan’an Lu Yuan远安鹿苑茶 The local specialty of Hubei Yuan’an County. A famous yellow tea En’shi Yu Lu  恩施玉露茶  A Hubei green tea from the city of Enshi near the Wufeng Mountains Junshan Yinzhen  君山银针茶  “Gentleman Mountain Silver Needle Tea”, a yellow tea only found on Junshan Island in Hunan. Dongting Hu  洞庭湖  Lake Dongting, located in northern Hunan. Hu  湖  Lake Nan  南  South Bei  北  North Ba Shu  巴蜀  The ancient state in Sichuan who brought us tea cultivateon Tang Taizong  唐太宗   The second emperor of the Tang Dynasty.  Already enough said about him.   THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London.    This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed BOOK.    “Tea in China: A Religious and Cultural History”by James A. Benn Link to the book    

History
Published: Feb. 6, 2015, 2:37 a.m.

CHP-148-The History of Tea Part 9

In this penultimate episode of the China History Podcast History of Tea series Laszlo finishes off the story of Robert Fortune and introduces Sir Robert J. Lipton. This CHP long history of Chinese tea started off slow and in this Part 9 fizzles out altogether.  Laszlo also introduces a little overview of Pu-erh Tea as an extra bonus.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE   Wuyi Mountains  武夷山 The fabled Wuyi Mountains of northern Fujian Shen Nong  神农  Second of the Three Soveriegns, discoverer of tea and author of the Bencaojing (see below) Tu  荼  This is what tea used to be called before it became cha 茶 zhenzhu naicha  珍珠奶茶  Boba Milk Tea Bencaojing  本草经 the Classic of Herbal Medicine (attributed to Shen Nong) Wang Bao王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant Emperor Xuan宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan  Wu Lizhen吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan Mengding shan  蒙顶山  Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China The Shuowen Jiezi  说文解字  Han Dynasty dictionary Ming  茗  Another name for Tea Er Ya  尔雅  The first dictionary in China Guang Ya  广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya Ba Shu  巴蜀  巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom Chengdu cai  成都菜  Chengdu style cuisine Shu Feng Yuan  蜀风园  The Chengdu joint in Rowland Heights preferred by Laszlo gongcha  贡茶tribute tea Sui  隋朝 The Sui Dynasty Tang  唐朝  The Tang Dyansty Lu Yu  陆羽  Patron Saint of Tea, prominently featured in History of Tea Part 3 Biancha  边茶  Border tea….tea that was specially processed and packaged for the border peoples of China chama gudao  茶马古道 the ancient Tea-Horse Road Chan Buddhism  禪  Zen Buddhism Lu Tong  卢仝The great poet and bon vivant Qi Wan Shi  七碗诗  Lu Tong’s poem Seven Bowls of Tea Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei qīngbái  清白 Unique white porcelain of the Song chaju  茶具  Tea ware Song  宋朝  The Song Dynasty Diancha  点茶  To whisk powdered tea Doucha  斗茶  A tea contest Charen  茶人  A “tea person”, someone in love with or expert in tea Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song Cha Lu  茶录the Record of Tea Su Shi   苏轼 Famous official, man of letters and all around Hometown Hero of Hangzhou Su Dongpo  苏东坡 Su Shi’s other name Dongpo Rou  东坡肉  The dish attributed to Su Dongpo. A tasty Hangzhou specialty K.S. Lo  罗桂祥  Dr. K.S. Lo (1910-1995) Vitasoy Founder and passionate Yixing pottery and ceramics collector. Ming  明朝  Ming Dynasty Zhu Yuanzhang  朱元璋 the Hongwu Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Quan  朱权Son of Hongwu Emperor, writer of the Cha Pu (different from the Cai Xiang Cha Pu) Jingdezhen  景德镇  Famous historic city in Jiangxi famous for everything produced from their kilns Yixing   宜兴  City along Tai Hu in Jiangsu famous for their teapots Pu Erh  普洱茶  Pu-er tea (written Pu-Er and with an h on the end.) Oolong  乌龙茶  Oolong tea cha dashi  茶大师  A Tea master dìjíshìi  地级市  A Prefectural level city….has more authority than other cities their size. Xishuangbanna  西双版纳  City in southern Yunnan Simao  思茅   Temporary name for Pu’er. Now a district of Pu’er City zisha 紫砂  Purple clay, main ingredient of Yixing teapots Qingming Holiday  清明节  also known as Grave-Sweeping Festival, Usually falls on April 4 or 5 Shanzhai  山寨  a metaphor for a low-end copy-cat products and factories that produces fakes qi zi bing cha  七子饼茶 Seven Sons Tea Cake cha dao  茶刀  A tea knife Yìwǔ  易武  City in Yunnan Yìwū  义乌  City in central Zhejiang, renowned as the center of China’s merchandise wholesale trade Wuliang  无量山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea Ailao  哀牢山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea Daxue Mountains  大雪山  Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea Tedian  特点 special point…outstanding characteristic Sheng Pu’er  生普洱  Raw Pu-er tea that has not ripened yet Shou Pu’er  熟普洱 Ripe Pu-er tea that has aged naturally over time or spec up through the Wo Dui process. Wodui  渥堆  A process of speeding up the ripening of raw maocha. cha nong茶农 A tea farmer sha qing  杀青  To “kill green”. Heat the tea leaves to deactivate the enzymes rounian  揉捻  The “rolling” of the tea leaves. Maocha  毛茶  Pu-er tea in its raw state.  Can be packed at once for sheng pu-er or wòduīprocessed to speed up the ripening. Kunming Cha Chang  昆明茶厂 the Kunming Tea Factory Bingcha  饼茶 A tea cake Tuocha沱茶  Bird nest shaped cakes of Pu-er tea in all kinds of sizes. hē xibeifēng  喝西北风  To east dust.  To “drink the northwest wind” gushu  古树 ancient tree  baojianpin  保健品  Health products   Babelcap:  A Chinese Tea Lexicon  http://babelcarp.org/babelcarp/   Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China   THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London.    This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print.    Robert Fortune’s Two books: Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China A Journey to the Tea Countries of China    

History
Published: Jan. 25, 2015, 12:05 a.m.

CHP-147-The History of Tea Part 8

In this 8th installment of the CHP History of Tea series Laszlo introduces the story of Mr. Robert Fortune.  With Britain’s East India Company bankrolling him, Fortune played a most key role in breaking China’s millennia old monopoly of tea manufacturing and export.     TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization Yuantou  源头  The fountainhead or source Chaju  茶具  Teaware Guangcai  广彩  A type of colorful porcelain that was a specialty in Guangzhou Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian Lin Zexu  林则徐  19th century Chinese hero who stood up to the West and burned all the opium in Humen in 1839 Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Congou  工夫红茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Souchong小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea (正山小种茶) Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above) Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea Gunpowder Tea珠茶  A pellet shaped green tea Longjing cha  龙井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou Qionglai, Sichuan  四川邛崃 Tea growing city southwest of Chengdu Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl. Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好办事 Chairman Mao was credited with saying this…that having a lot of people to do something made the task easier.   Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China  THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London.   This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print.  Robert Fortunes Two Books: Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China A Journey to the Tea Countries of China      

History
Published: Jan. 17, 2015, 10:50 a.m.

CHP-146-The History of Tea Part 7

In Part 7 of the CHP History of Tea series we look at what happened after Europeans first came to China and instantly fell in love with tea. The period covered in this episode is the late Ming and the Qing.     CHP-145 TEA PART 7 TERMS Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea Tuihuo  退货  To reject and return cargo. Chanong  茶农  Tea farmer Get atta hee   Chicagonese for Get out of here. Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture Papaver somniferum   The Opium Poppy Camellia sinensis    The Tea plant Kangxi  康熙帝  Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture Shen Nong  神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization Jingdezhen  景德镇  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world. Lishan Xiaozhong 立山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea Zhengshan Xiaozhong  正山小种  Lapsong Souchong Tea Wuyi Mountain  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian Qimen cha  祈门茶  Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea. Huangshan 黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China Keemun Hao Ya 祁门毫芽 Keemun Maofeng  祁门毛峰 Keemun Congou  祁门功夫 Guangxu  光绪 Second to the last Qing emperor.  Tu  荼 What tea used to be called before cha. Kucai   苦菜  A type of bitter vegetable.   THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London.    This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print.    Link to Pathlight Magazine: http://paper-republic.org/pubs/pathlight/      

History
Published: Jan. 4, 2015, 4:34 p.m.

CHP-145-The History of Tea Part 6

The China History Podcast's ten part History of Tea continues with this sixth episode.  The time is now the late Ming and Qing dynasty.  Now Western people are getting a nice close look at tea and imagining the possibilities.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization Ba Shu  巴蜀  The Ancient state located in Sichuan and based near Chengdu Jiajing Emperor嘉靖帝 Ming dynasty emperor during whose watch, the foreigners began showing up. Wuyi Shan  武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian Bai Hao  白毫“White hair”, a name given some teas due to the young delivate nature of the buds Hongwu  洪武The Ming founder Zhu Yuanzhang, Ming Taizu, The Hongwu Emperor Song Luo Shan  松罗山Mountain located just south of Huang Shan, famous for its great teas and tea history Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China Jingdezhen  景德镇  The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world. Xiuning County   休宁县  Song Luo Mountain was located here, in Anhui province Bohea  武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Congou  工夫红茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above). The Dutch would brand tghis tea "Orange Pekoe". Hyson  熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea Chanong  茶农  Tea farmer Qimen cha  祈门茶  Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea. Zhangjiakou  张家口The ancient town of Kalgan in Hebei. Huizong  宋徽宗  The last emperor of the Northern Song.  He knew a lot about tea. Kangxi  康熙帝Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture Qianlong  乾隆帝  Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture Chonghua Palace  重华宫 Longjing cha  龙井茶  Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou Hugong Temple  胡公庙  Temple located in Longjing Village Mt. Shifeng  狮峰山Mountain located near Longjing Village Gaiwan  盖碗  A covered tea bowl. Li Chunsheng  One of the two father’s of Taiwan’s tea export industry. Lugu, Nantou County鹿谷鄉, 南投縣  The heartland of Taiwan’s Oolong tea growing area   THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London.    This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print.     

History
Published: Dec. 27, 2014, 4:07 a.m.

CHP-144-The History of Tea Part 5

The History of Tea continues with Part 5.  In this episode Laszlo looks at tea in the Ming dynasty.  This is when loose leaf tea, Jingdezhen and Yixing tea pots hit the big time. CHP-144-Terms   Mocha  抹茶 Ground tea in powder form (also written 末茶) Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song Huizong  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song Myoan Eisai  明菴荣西  Japanese Monk Zhao Kuangyin  赵匡胤  Founder of the Northern Song Jin  金朝  The Jurchen Jin Dynasty Yuan dynasty  元朝  The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Doucha  斗茶  To have a tea battle Chaoqing  炒青  The pan frying method of stopping enzymatic oxidation Zheng He  郑和  Famous eunuch admiral who made seven voyages Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋  Ming Dynasty founder Liu Bang  刘邦  Han Dynasty founder Ming Taizu  明太祖 Temple name of Zhu Yuanzhang Hongwu  洪武  Era name of Zhu Yuanzhang Zisha  紫砂  Purple clay Jingdezhen  景德镇  Jingde Town in Jiangxi Province, named after Zhenzong’s Jingde Era Zhongguo  中国  China Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  The First Qin Emperor Qin Dynasty 秦朝  The Qin Dynasty Xinping    新平 Ancient name of Jingdezhenm Changnan  昌南  Former name of Jingdezhen Zhen  镇  A town or township Shi 市  A city or municipality Cun  村  A village Nanchang  南昌  Capital of Jiangxi Province Lake Poyang鄱阳湖 Lake Poyang Zhenzong  真宗 The Zhenzong Emperor Zhushan   珠山 Pearl Hill near Jingdezhen Liu Yiqian 刘益谦Shanghai billionaire pharmaceutical magnate and antiques collector Chenghua Emperor成化帝Ming emperor who reigned 1464-1487 Gaiwan  盖碗 A lidded tea bowl Huacha  花茶 scented flower tea Huizong 惠宗  Final Yuan Dynasty emperor Da Ming Yongle Zhi   大明永乐制  Made in the Ming Yongle Era Cha Lu茶录 Tea treatise written by Cai Xiang Zhu Quan 朱权 Son of the Hongwu emperor, younger brother to Zhu Di. Cha Puof 1440  茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Zhu Quan Gu Yuanqing顾元庆 Wrote the other main tea treatise of the Ming dynasty Cha Puof 1541  茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Gu Yuanqing Zhu Di 朱棣 Son of the Hongwu emperor, later reigning as the Yongle Emperor. Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei Yue ware  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing He cha喝茶  To drink tea pin cha品茶  To sip tea Zhu cha  煮茶  To boil tea Pao cha 泡茶brew tea by steeping Shanxi 山西  Province in China, capital at Taiyuan Shaanxi  陕西  Province in China, capital at Xian Jin斤  A “Chinese pound”, about 500 grams or 1.1 lbs. xi cha  洗茶  To wash or clean tea leaves Yixing  宜兴  City in Jiangsu formerly known as Yangxian Lu Tong卢仝  writer of the poem “Seven Cups of Tea.” Dehua   德化   City in central Fujian Yang hu养壶to raise the teapot gongfu tea  功夫茶 / 工夫茶  Gongfu Tea pinmingbei  品茗杯   A small teacup for sipping tea chahe  茶荷   a scoop used to transfer tea to a pot chapan  茶盘  A Tea tray Princess Wénchéng文成公主  brought nutritional benefits of tea to the Himalaya’s  Wanli emperor  万里帝  The long reigning Wanli Emperor 1563-1620    THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London.    This here’s the link:  http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print.     

History
Published: Dec. 20, 2014, 7:07 p.m.

CHP-143-The History of Tea Part 4

This time in History of Tea Part 4 we continue along the timeline and look at tea in the Song Dynasty.  Tea may have been brought to great heights during the Tang but during the Song. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Lu Yu  陆羽  Lu Yu, writer of the Classic of Tea Kukai  空海 Japanese Monk, among other things introduced tea to Japan Saicho  最澄  Japanese monk also helped introduce tea to Japan Emperor Saga  嵯峨天皇  Emperor of Japan 806-809 Chama Gudao  茶马古道  The Ancient Tea Horse Route Zhao Kuangyin  赵匡胤  Founder of the Northern Song Kaifeng  开封Capital city during the Northern Song Mocha  抹茶  Ground tea in powder form (also 末茶) Diancha  点茶  To whisk tea Cai Xiang  蔡襄  Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song Hūizōng  徽宗  Last emperor of the Northern Song Limao  礼貌  etiquette, politeness Wang Xizhi  王羲之  303-361, Jin Dynasty calligrapher, considered China’s greatest calligrapher Cai Jing  蔡京  Hūizōng’s right hand man for many years  Also a great literary talent Lantingji Xu  兰亭集序 Wang Xizhi’s great work. Preface to the poems composed at the Orchid Pavilian Su Shi  苏轼  Also known as Su Dongpo, famous official, man of letters and Hangzhou hero Huang Tingjian  黄庭坚  Great literary figure from the Song Mi Fu  米芾  Great literary figure from the Song Su, Huang, Mi, Cai  苏黄米蔡  The four great Song calligraphers Quanzhou  泉州  Historic port city in Fujian Fuzhou  福州  City in Fujian Renzong  仁宗  Song Emperor 1022-1063 Ouyang Xiu  欧阳修 Song Statesman and all around literary powerhouse Cha Jing  茶经  The Classic of Tea by Lu Yu Cha Lu  茶录  Tea treatise by Cai Xiang Doucha  斗茶  To have a tea battle Mingzhan  茗战  Tea Wars or tea battle Jian ware  建窑  Jian ware Tuhao zhan 兔豪盏  Rabbit fur Daimao zhan  Tortoise shell design Zhegu ban   Partridge feathers design You di  油滴  Oil drops design in Jian ware Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei Qingbai  清白 White porcelain of the Song Wulong  乌龙茶  Oolong tea Zhenzong  真宗 Song Emperor 997-1022 Shenzong  神宗  Song emperor 1067-1085 Ya’an  雅安  City west of Chengdu with a rich tea history Han Wudi  汉武帝  Grest Han Dynasty conquering emperor Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin) Wang Anshi  王安石  The great Song era reformer Kaimen qījiàn shi  开门七件事  The Seven Necessities of Living Chan Buddhism  禅宗  Better known as Zen Buddhism Master Xiangmo  降魔藏  Chan Master Xiamngmo of Lingyan Temple on Mount Tai Lingyan Monastery  灵岩寺Chan Buddhist Monastery on Mount Tai Taishan  泰山 Mount Tai near Jinan Daguan Chalun  大观茶论  Song Hūizōng’s Treatise on Tea Silver Needle 银针茶 Silver Needle White Tea Long Life Eyebrow  寿眉茶Long Life Eyebrow White Tea Tribute Eyebrow  贡眉茶Tribute Eyebrow White Tea White Peony  白牡丹  White Peony Tea Zhenghe County  政和县  County in northern Fujian Fuding   福鼎  City in northern Fujian near the Zhejiang border Guihuacha  桂花茶 Osmanthus Tea Myoan Eisai  明菴栄西  Japanese Monk Beiyuan  Longfeng Tuancha 龙凤团茶  Dragon Phoenix Tea Cake Wuyi Shan  武夷山The Wuyi Mountains in Fujian Tieguanyin 铁观音 Iron Buddha Oolong tea Yan cha  岩茶  Rock Tea of Wuyi Shan Shaqing  杀青  To “kill the green” Chanong  茶农 Tea Farmer Da Hong Pao 大红袍茶  Big Red Robe Tea Tie Luohan  铁罗汉茶  Tie Luohan tea Bai Ji Guan  白鸡冠茶  Bei Jiguan Tea Shui Xian  水仙茶 Shui Xian Tea Ba Xian 八仙茶  Ba Xian Tea Rou Gui 肉桂茶Rou Gui Tea Zheng Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the mountain summit Ban Yan Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from midway up the mountain Zhou Tea  Wuyi Rock tea from the river banks Nantou南头  City in Taiwan Jiayi   City in Taiwan Hualian  花莲City in Taiwan Zhu Yuanzhang   朱元璋 Founder of the Ming Dynasty, a.k.a. The Hongwu Emperor.

History
Published: Dec. 13, 2014, 10:54 p.m.

CHP-142-The History of Tea Part 3

In Part 3 of the CHP ten-part history of tea series we look at the life of the Tea Saint, Lu Yu and his great work The Classic of Tea.    TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Lu Yu  陆羽  Lu Yu Cha Jing茶经 The Classic of Tea Shen Nong  神农  Shen Nong, the Divine Farmer Tianmen 天门  Birthplace of Lu Yu Hubei ren  湖北人  someone from Hubei Longgai Temple  龙盖寺  Dragon Cloud Monastery Chan Buddhist  禅宗  Better known as Zen Buddhism Li Qiwu  李齐物  Tang royal who served as governor in Tianmen Zou Fuzi  邹老夫子  One of Lu Yu's earliest teachers and tea masters Cui Guofu  崔国辅  Tang official who replaced Li Qiwu and served as another mentor of Lu Yu Jiangsu  江苏  Province in the east of China Zhejiang  浙江  Province just south of Jiangsu Jiangxi  江西  Province south of Zhejiang Miaoxi Monastery  妙喜寺Buddhist monastery located in Huzhou. Huzhou  湖州  City in Jiangsu Jiao Ran  皎然  Chan monk Wang Bao  王褒  Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant Yan Zhenqing  颜真卿  Tang scholar, calligrapher and official Lu Tong  卢仝  The great poet and bon vivant Daizong Emperor  唐代宗  Tang emperor from 762-779 Dezong Emperor  德宗帝  Tang emperor from 779-805 Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 Qing emperor from 1722-1735 Lu Tingcan  陆廷灿  A Tea Immortal, known for his Sequel to the Cha Jing Cha Xian   茶仙  Tea Immortal Xu Cha Jing  续茶经  The Sequel to the Classic of Tea Xia Dynasty  夏朝  The mythical Xia Dynasty Zhongguo Cha wenhua  中国茶文化 Chinese Tea Culture Ba Shu  巴蜀  The Ba Shu State in Sichuan Zhou Gong  周公 The Duke of Zhou Sima Xiangru  司马相如  The poetess from Qionglai in Sichuan Jin Dynasty  晉朝  The Jin Dynasty Hongzhi Era  弘治时代 The Ming dynasty Hongzhi emperor’s era 1487-1505 Abbot Zhiji 智积禅师  Stepfather to Lu Yu and Abbot of the Longgai Monastery Nanling River  南凌河 River north of Yangzhou famous for its water Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin) Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei Nanbei Chao  南北朝  The Southern and Northern Dynasty Period Longmen  龙门 City in Shaanxi where Sima Qian was born  

History
Published: Dec. 6, 2014, 4:07 a.m.

CHP-141-The History of Tea Part 2

Laszlo continues his 10-part series introducing the history of tea in China from ancient times to the modern age.  This time the focus is on the 7th to 9th centuries during the Tang Dynasty.  Tea by now has been transformed from a medicine to an enjoyable and inspirational beverage.  TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Charen 茶人  Tea Person Shen Nong  神农  Shen Nong, the Divine Farmer Sui Wendi  隋文帝  Founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty Sui Yangdi 隋炀帝  Wendi's son, a man of many excesses Fuchai  夫差  King of the Wu State Han Gou  汗垢  The Han Canal Jin Dynasty  晉朝  The Jin Dynasty Tang Taizong  唐太宗  Tang emperor Taizong Cha Ma Gudao  茶馬古道  The Ancient Tea Horse Road Cha  茶  Tea Tu  荼  Former name of tea before the Tang Dynasty Gong Cha  貢茶  Tribute tea Qingming 清明節  The Qingming Festival Biancha  边茶  Border Tea Qiang  羌  The Qiang people 羌族 Baojianpin 保健品  health products Zhang Qian  张骞 Western Han adventurer and diplomat Shu yu niao zhi lu  鼠与鸟之旅  The road of mice and birds Wencheng Gongzhu  文成公主  Princess Wencheng Songzan Ganbu  松赞干布  Songstan Gampo Suyoucha  酥油茶  Tibetan buttered tea Qionglai  邛崃  Tea town outside of Chengdu Ya’an  雅安  Tea town outside of Chengdu Wenchuan  汶川  Tea town outside of Chengdu Leshan  乐山  Tea town outside of Chengdu Saicho 最澄  Japanese Monk Emperor Saga  嵯峨天皇  Emperor Saga of Japan Mt. Hiei  比叡山  Mountain near Kyoto where the Enryakuji is located Tiantai Buddhism 天台宗  The Tiantai sect of Buddhism Eisai  栄西 Song era Japanese monk Cha Jing茶经 The Classic of Tea Dezong Emperor  德宗帝  The Dezong Emperor Lu Tong  卢仝  The great poet and bon vivant Qi Wan Shi 七碗诗 Seven Bowls of Tea An Lushan  安禄山  Rebel Leader who launched a rebellion from 755-763 Yangxian Zisun Cha  阳羡紫笋茶  Yangxian Purple Bamboo Tea Yue qi  越器  Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing Xing ware  邢窑  Xing ware from Hebei  

History
Published: Nov. 29, 2014, 5:28 p.m.

CHP-140-The History of Tea Part 1

Laszlo is back with a new ten-part CHP series covering the history of tea from its mythical discovery clear through to the 20th century.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Sanhuang Wudi 三皇五帝 The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors Wang Xufeng  王旭烽  One of China’s great writers and Tea Ambassadors Mao Dun Prize  茅盾将  China’s answer to the Booker or Pulitzer Prizer Charen Sanbu Qu  茶人三部曲 Trilogies of the Teamen, written by Wang Xufeng Wang Laoshi  王老师  Respectful salutation, “Teacher Wang” Yipian Shuye de Gushi  一片树叶的故事   The Story of a Leaf Yuantou 源头 fountainhead, source Li Yuan  李渊 Tang founder Tang Gaozu Li Shimin  李世民 Son of Li Yuan and co-founder of the dynasty Emperor Xuan  宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan Wang Bao   王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant Wuyang  武阳  City on the Jiangxi-Fujian border, home of an ancient tea market Jiangxi   江西 Province in eastern China Nanchang  南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province Cha  茶  Tea Jia  槚 a former character for tea Tu   荼  ancient name for tea Chuan   荈  a former character for tea She   蔎  a former character for tea                 Ming  茗  a former character for tea Lu Yu  陆羽  The tea saint, writer of the Cha Jing Cha Jing  茶经   The Classic of Tea Cha Sheng  茶圣  The Tea Saint, Lu Yu Shen Nong  神农  The Divine Farmer, Shennong Wugu Xiandi  五谷先帝The Emperor of the Five Grains, another nickname of Shen Nong Shen Nong Bencao Jing  神农本草经  Shen Nong’s Materia Medica or Herbal Baicha   白茶  White tea or plain boiled water Cha Lin  茶林  Village in Hunan where Shen Nong died Zhangjiajie   张家界  Beautiful scenic area in northwest Hunan Ren   人  person Liang Shiqiu   梁实秋   One of China's greatest lexicograpers of the 20th century. His 新實用漢英辭典 was my first and favorite dictionary going back to 1979. Kucai   苦菜  Bitter vegetable Shijing   诗经  The Book of Songs Liji  礼记  The Book of Rites Fujian  福建  Fujian province Guangdong    广东  Guangdong province Guangzhou   广州  Guangzhou, a.k.a Canton Xiamen  厦门   Xiamen in Fujian Fuzhou   福州  Fuzhou or Foochow as it was once called Quanzhou  泉州  Coastal port city in Fujian Shuowen Jiezi  说文解字  Han Dynasty Dictionary  Cun 村 Village Chan Buddhism  禪  Zen Buddhism Zhou Xin 紂辛  Di Xin, 帝辛, Infamous last king of the Shang Dynasty                  Jiuchi Roulin   酒池肉林  The Wine Pool and Meat Forest. Chengdu   成都  Capital of Sichuan Gan Lu Cha  甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan. Wu Lizhen  吴里真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan. Mengding Shan  蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China Xian Cha   仙茶  The Tea of the Immortals, a.k.a. Gan Lu Tea from the seven original trees Ya’an  雅安  City outside Chengdu famous for tea Qionglai  邛崃   City outside Chengdu famous for tea Sanguo Zhi  三国志  Record of the Three Kingdoms Sun Hao  孙浩  Eastern Wu king known for his drunkeness Wei Yao   Loyal official to Sun Hao Sima Yan  司马炎   (also known as 晋武帝) Jin Dynasty founder Jin  晋朝  The Jin Dynasty Shang-Zhou-Han   商周汉  The three dynasties of Shang-Zhou Han Luoyang  洛阳   One of China’s ancient capitals Chang’an  长安  One of China’s ancient capitals  (present day Xian) Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  Qin dynasty founder Er Ya  尔雅  The first dictionary in China Guangya   广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya Longjing  龙井  Village outside Hangzhou famous for Longjing, Dragon Well tea Shu Guo  蜀国  The kingdom of Shu, present day Sichuan Sanxingdui  三星堆  Neolithic ruins discovered outside Chengdu Ba Shu   巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom Zhou King Wu    周武王  Brother of the Duke of Zhou, conquering king. Haojing   镐京   Western Zhou Capital Ying Zheng  嬴政  The future Qin Shihuang Han Wudi  汉武帝  The great martial emperor of the Western Han Liu Song   刘宋  1st dynasty in the south during the Nanbei Chao, 420-479 Wucheng  婺城 District of Jinhua in Zhejiang, Province. Nanbei Chao  南北朝  The Northern and Southern Dynasties Zhuge Liang  诸葛亮  Great strategist and statesman of the 3 Kingdoms period Yang Jian  杨暕 Second Sui emperor and grandson of founder Wendi. Sui Wendi  隋文帝  Founder of the Sui Dynasty Taishan   台山  City in southern Guangdong, southwest of Jiangmen.   THE ANTHILL SHANGHAI HOMES by JIE LI Link to CCTV Documentary THE STORY OF A LEAF  

History
Published: Nov. 21, 2014, 5:56 a.m.

CHP-139-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 3

In this episode we will conclude our CHP overview of the life of Sir Edmund Backhouse, 2nd Baronet.  In this 3rd part of the series we'll look at the last couple decades of Backhouse's life.  Backhouse remains in Beijing amidst all the turmoil going on during the Japanese invasion and the leadup to WWII.  In his final years Backhouse will write a memoir that will engrave his name forever in the footnotes of Chinese history. Recommended Books: Hermit of Peking by Hugh Trevor-Roper Amazon Link Décadence Mandchoue edited by Derek Sandhaus Amazon Link also: The Incarnations, by Susan Barker Amazon Link Great new podcast:Tom Tacken's The First World War in 261 Weeks. www.TheFirstWorldWarIn261Weeks.com The Podcast Link   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress   Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China. Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked Guangxu Emperor 光绪帝 The second to the last emperor of China Jin Ping Mei 金瓶梅 Ming Dynasty novel written in the vernacular, known as The Plum in the Golden Vase or The Golden Lotus.  Considered by many to be slightly pornographic in its content. Shangdiao 上吊 To hang oneself Mingshi 明史 The Ming History

History
Published: July 24, 2014, 1:54 p.m.

CHP-138-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 2

Fast on the heels of Part 1 of this CHP overview of the life of the Sinologist Sir Edmund Backhouse, we present Part 2 in this episode. We'll look at the years 1911 to 1924, the years Backhouse committed a bunch of frauds and established himself in London and Beijing as a bit of a flake and someone not to be trusted. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Yongle Dadian 永乐大典 The Yong Le Encyclopedia Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖帝 The Qing Jiajing Emperor Wang Xizhi  王羲之 China's greatest calligrapher Jin Dynasty  晋朝 The Jin Dynasty 265-420 AD Tang Taizong 唐太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin 李世民 Lantingji Xu 兰亭集序 The Preface to the Poems Collected from the Orchid Pavilion Zhi Baobuzhu huo  纸包不住火  Paper Can't wrap a fire (impossible to keep a secret) Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government Li Yuanhong  黎元洪 three times president of the Rep. of China. Duan Qirui  段祺瑞 Premier of China 1916-1918 and major military and political figure Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 The Yongzheng Emperor, son of Kang Xi 康熙 and father to Qianlong 乾隆 Gansu 甘肃 Province in West China  

History
Published: July 24, 2014, 1:36 p.m.

CHP-137-Sir Edmund Backhouse Part 1

In this episode we will begin a 3-part series covering the life of Sir Edmund Trelawny Backhouse, 2nd Baronet. He lived from 1873 to 1944, spending more than half his life in Beijing.  Backhouse is best known for the various frauds he committed over the period of his life.  In his last year of life he was urged by Dr. Reinhard Hoeppli to commit his fantastic stories of his life to paper.  The result were two memoirs, "The Dead Past", about his days in Europe before 1898 and Décadence Mandchoue, Backhouse's racy and pornographic account of his years in China, mixing with all the Manchu royals and carrying on sexual relationships with the Empress Dowager Cixi and her eunuchs.  NOTE TO THIS EPISODE, THANKS TO MATT, A LOCAL TO COUNTY DURHAM I WISH TO CORRECT BACKHOUSE'S BIRTHPLACE TO DARLINGTON, COUNTY DURHAM (NOT RICHMOND,  IN NORTH YORKSHIRE).  SORRY! TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE baijiu 白酒 Chinese fiery clear alcoholic beverage, between 40-60% ABV Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked laowai 老外 foreigner Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China. Kang Youwei 康有为 Controversial figure in late 19th century China politics, closely associated with the Hundred Days of Reform under the Tongzhi Emperor. Daoguang 道光 The Daoguang Emperor Prince Chun 醇亲王 Father of the Guangxu Emperor, grandfather of Puyi, half brother of the Xianfeng emperor. Puyi 溥仪 The Last Emperor Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government Xu Shichang 徐世昌 President of the ROC from 1918-1922...YUan Shikai's closest advisor and ally.  

History
Published: July 24, 2014, 1:10 p.m.

CHP-136-Wong Chin Foo

Once again after an almost record-setting gap in the action, we look at a great but unknown Chinese American, Wong Chin Foo (王清福). Though not a well-known person from history, he nonetheless played a major role during the 1880's and 1890's fighting against the racist anti-Chinese immigration laws passed by the U.S. Congress. Author Scott Seligman's book, The First Chinese American tells the whole story of Wong Chin Foo and his times.  In this episode we examine the highlights of this remarkable life. Amazon link for the book: http://amzn.to/1qVnIwv   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Wong Chin Foo 王清福 Wong Yen Ping 王彦平 Another name Wong Chin Foo went by Judy Chu  赵美心 U.S. Representative from California’s 27th Congressional District I.M. Pei 贝聿铭 Chinese American architect (born in Guangzhou) An Wang王安 Co founder of Wang Laboratories and great engineer (born in Shanghai) Nancy Kwan关家蒨1960’s actress (born in  Hong Kong) Yo-yo Ma马友友 One of the greatest cellists of his age (born in France) Anna Sui  萧志美  Fashion Designer (born in Detroit) Vivienne Tam谭燕玉 Fashion designer (born in Guangzhou) Vera Wang  王薇薇 Fashion designer (born in New York City) Charles Wang  王嘉廉CA Associates International co-founder (born in Shanghai) Amy Tan谭恩美 Writer (born in Oakland) Charles K. Kao高锟 The “father of fiber optics”. Won the 2009 Nobel in physics (born in Shanghai) T.D. Lee  李政道 Won Nobel in Physics in 1957 (born in Shanghai) Samuel C.C. Ting丁肇中 Won Nobel Prize in 1976 in Physics (born in Ann Arbor) Steven Chu  朱棣文 Won Nobel Price in Physics 1997. US Secretary of Energy 2009-13. (born in St. Louis) Gary Locke骆家辉  Former Washington State governor and US ambassador to China Yung Wing  容闳 First Chinese to graduate from a US university (1854) (from Guangdong, Xiangshan) Norman Assing袁生 Community leader in San Francisco’s Chinatown Ng Poon Chew伍盤照  Started the first Chinese language newspaper in the US. (born in Taishan) Wang王 Surname (means “king”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese Huang黄 Surname (means “yellow”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese Shandong山东  Province in China Wong Sa Kee王缓祺 Wong Chin Foo’s earliest name Qingdao青岛 Beautiful coastal city in Shandong Daoguang Emperor道光帝 Qing dynasty emperor during Opium Wars Jimo即墨City of Wong Chin Foo’s birth, just north of Qingdao Yantai  烟台 Coastal city in Shandong Zhifu芝罘Early name for Yantai Penglai蓬莱  City in north Shandong, formerly called Dengzhou Dengzhou登州  Present day Penglai, where Wong Chin Foo lived Zhenjiang镇江  City on the Yangzi River in Jiangsu Xianfeng Emperor咸丰帝  Qing Dynasty emperor Hua Mei Xin Bao  华美新报 The Chinese American, Wong’s first paper.  

History
Published: June 28, 2014, 2:55 p.m.

CHP-135 The Song Emperor Huizong Part 4

In this final installment of the history of the life and times of the emperor Huizong we look at the series of events that followed the Jürchens' Seige of Kaifeng in 1126-1127.  What followed was the Jingkang Incident that for centuries, made Chinese bow their heads in shame.  The entire Song imperial family was captured and sent north to live out the rest of their lives in the harsh lands far beyong The Great Wall.  But the Jin conquerors did not destroy the Song. The Zhao family continued to keep the dynasty alive in the south. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Qinzong 欽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song, son of Huizong Prince Huan 桓王 Qinzong's title before becoming the emperor Wolibu 斡离不 Son of Jin Dynasty founder Aguda Bozhou 亳州  City in northern Anhui Empress Zheng 郑氏 Wife of Huizong Tong Guan 童贯 Great eunuch general and close advisor to Huizong  Zhu Mian 朱勔 One of Huizong's most trusted officials...mainly responsible for Huizong's Marchmnount Park. Xixia 西夏  The Western Xia, a Tangut empire that ran 1038-1227. Located south of Liao and west of Song China Wanyan Nianhan  完颜粘罕 Top general in the Jin army Wanyan Aguda 完颜阿骨打 Jin Dynasty Founder, also known as Jin Taizu 金太祖 Wang Fu 王黼  A Grand Councillor under Huizong. Major proponent to ally with Jin against Liao Liang Shicheng 梁师成 Highest ranking of the palace eunuchs, exercised a great amount of control of and access to Huizong. Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, played a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day.  Zhenjiang 镇江 City in Jiangsu on the Yangzi, famous for their vinegar (among other things). Zhao Gou 赵構 Ninth son of Huizong and founder of the Southern Song Dynasty, ruling as the Gaozong 高宗 Emperor. Lin'an 临安 Where present day Hangzhou is located...capital of the Southern Song Prince Chen 谌王 Qinzong's heir (but he never got to reign) Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion Zhang Jue 张觉 Jin defector who defected to Song and tried to cut a deal with the court. Zhang Bangchang 张邦昌 Qinzong official. Jin forced him to be a puppet emperor but he remained loyal to the Song. Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 Founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who gave the Sixteen Prefectures away to the Liao in 938 Shi Chonggui  石重贵 Successor to Shi Jingtang but was taken into captivity by the Liao Qin Gui 秦桧 Court official served Qinzong first and later Gaozong. Yue Fei's death was blamed on Qin Gui. Zhending Near Shijiazhuang 石家庄. One of the stops along the way for Huizong. Yanjing 燕京 Prefecture near modern-day Beijing Cai Tiao  Son of Cai Jing. Accompanies Huizong into captivity and wrote an account of the journey Cao Xun Wrote an account of the fall of Kaifeng and the trip by Huizong into captivity. Empres Zhu Qinzong's empress - committed suicide in 1128 Siping 四平 City in Jilin where the Jon Supreme Capital was located. Yilan County 依兰县 In central Heilongjiang, where Five Nations Fort was located. Wuguocheng 五国城 Five Nations Fort Yue Fei 岳飞  Hero and general of the Song who fought the Jin hard to win back lost territory. Jin Zhong Bao Guo  尽忠报国 Serve the country with the most loyalty Huan Wo He Shan 还我河山 Return my rivers and mountains! Yue Fei's demand to the Jin. Lin Lingsu 林灵素 Daoist master who conceived the Divine Empyrean sect of Daoism.  Huizong was his benefactor and supporter. Yao 尧  One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝) Shun 舜 One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝) Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion Wanyan Wuqimai 完颜吴乞买 Younger brother of Aguda, also known as Jin Taizong 金太宗     

History
Published: June 1, 2014, 11:28 p.m.

CHP-134-The Song Emperor Huizong Part 3

We continue on this episode examining the second decade of Huizong's reign.  The good times lasted about twenty years but all good things can't go on forever.  By 1120 Huizong is going to begin to see the handwriting on the wall.  The years we look at today will the years Huizong later on most regrets. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong Tang Xuanzong  唐玄宗 Tang dynasty emperor, ruled at the peak of the Tang   Ming Taizu 明太祖 Also Known as Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 and the Hongwu 洪武 Emperor Liu Hunkang 劉混康  Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108 Yelü Abaoji 耶律阿保机 Founder of the Liao Dynasty Xixia 西夏  The Western Xia, a Tangut empire that ran 1038-1227. Located south of Liao and west of Song China Nuzhen 女真 Jürchen Khitan Liao 契丹辽代  The Khitan Liao Dynasty Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, played a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor. Wang Anshi  王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor Tong Guan 童贯 Great eunuch general and close advisor to Huizong Liang Shicheng 梁师成 Highest ranking of the palace eunuchs, exercised a great amount of control of and access to Huizong. Wang Laozhi 王老志 Daoist Master during Huizong's reign Wang Zixi  王仔昔 Daoist Master during Huizong's reign Lin Lingsu 林灵素 Daoist master who conceived the Divine Empyrean sect of Daoism.  Huizong was his benefactor and supporter. Laozi 老子 Zhuangzi 庄子 Liezi  列子 Huangdi Neijing  黄帝内经 Yao 尧 Shun 舜 Duke of Zhou 周公 Prince Huan 桓王 Chanyuan zhi meng 澶渊之盟 The Treaty of Chanyuan Yan Yun Shiliuzhou 燕云十六州 The 16 Prefectures Li Cunxu  李存勖 Founder of the Later Tang Dynasty Hou Jin 后晋 The Later Jin Dynasty Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Founder of the Song Dynasty Zhao Liangsi 赵良嗣  Liao defector who early on suggested the Song ally with the Jin against Liao. Wanyan Aguda 完颜阿骨打 Jin Dynasty Founder, also known as Jin Taizu 金太祖 Wang Fu 王黼  A Grand Councillor under Huizong. Major proponent to ally with Jin against Liao Haishang zhimeng 海上之盟  The Alliance on the Sea (between Jin and Song) Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 Founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who gave the Sixteen Prefectures away to the Liao in 938 Yanjing 燕京 Capital of Yan Prefecture, located in and around present day Beijing. Fang La  方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion Wanyan Wuqimai 完颜吴乞买 Younger brother of Aguda, also known as Jin Taizong 金太宗 Liao Tianzuo  辽天祚  Last emperor of the Liao Dynasty Zhang Jue 张觉 Jin defector who defected to Song and tried to cut a deal with the court.  

History
Published: May 10, 2014, 7:31 p.m.

CHP-133-The Song Emperor Huizong Part 2

This time in Part 2 of our series we look at Huizong as he attempts to assemble his team and deal with bitter factional strife that was rampant since the Wang Anshi New Reforms.  We also look at Huizong the great patron of the arts.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Kaifeng 开封 in Henan, Capital of the Northern Song Jianzhong Jingguo 建中靖国 Huizong's first era name 1100-1101 Chongning  崇宁 Huizong's second era name 1102-1106 Daguan 大观 Huizong's 3rd era name 1107-1110 Nianhao 年号  Era Names Wang Anshi  王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong Han Zhongyan 韩忠彦 Senior chancellor during Huizong's reign Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor. Zhenzong  真宗 3rd Song emperor and big time believer and supporter of Daoism Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong Chen Guan 陈贯  Conservative faction stalwart and Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian. Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher. Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong   Su Shi  苏轼, great politician, conservative faction tour de force and local Hangzhou hometown hero. Sima Guang 司马光 Song historian and politician known for his conservative bent San Li 三礼 The Three Li's: The Rites of Zhou, Book of Etiquette and Rites, The Book of Rites Zhou Li 周礼 The Rites of Zhou Yi Li  仪礼 Book of Etiquette and Rites Li Ji 礼记 The Book of Rites Sishu Wujing 四书五经 The Four Books and the Five Classics Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian. Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher. Zhang Dun 章惇 Chancellor before Cai Jing  Wang Dan  Chancellor under Zhenzong Renzong  仁宗 The fourth Song emperor Lü Yijian  Chancellor under the Renzong emperor Yuanyou 元祐 The first era of Emperor Zhezong's reign Shaosheng 紹聖 Second era of Emperor Zhezong's reign Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤  Song emperor Taizu, founder of the Song Liu Hunkang 劉混康  Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108 Maoshan 茅山 Mountain in Jiangsu, home of the Shangqing School of Daoism Laozi 老子 Lao Tzu, founder of Daoism Qinshihuang 秦始皇 The first Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng Shangqing 上清 The Highest Clarity Movement, popular Daoist movement located at Mt. Mao Da Jingzhi 笪淨之 Successor to Liu Hunkang as Master of the Highest Clarity Movement Jinshi 进士 The degree received after passing the 3 year civil service exam. King Helü 阖闾 The warrior king of the state of Wu. (see CHP-111) Sunzi 孙子 Wrote the Art of War Li Jie 李誡 China's greatest architect of ancient time, author of the 营造法式 Yingzao Fashi Yingzao Fashi 营造法式 The Song work: Treatise on Architectural Methods. Also known as the State Building Standards. Li Yu 李煜 Last ruler of the Southern Tang (5 Dynasties 10 Kingdoms Period), developer of the "gold inlaid knife" style of calligraphy Shou jin ti 瘦金体 Slender Gold Style of calligraphy developed early in his reign by Huizong Siku Quanshu  四库全书 The Complete Library of the Four Treasuries is the largest collection of Chinese books ever compiled into a single work.  This was a work called for by the Qing Dynasty Qianlong emperor.  

History
Published: April 18, 2014, 10:23 p.m.

CHP-132-The Song Emperor Huizong Part 1

We're going to begin a new series that will look at political, social and cultural life in the late Northern Song.  The second the the last emperor Huizong will serve as our vehicle to examine this period in late 11th and early 12th century China.  University of Washington professor Dr. Patricia Buckley Ebrey has recently published a book entitled Emperor Huizong.  I'm going to use this as one of the main sources.  The Song Dynasty was another one of those times when China was the most advanced and economically powerful civilizations on earth.  The period which Huizong reigned was one of the high points of the dynasty.  But in 1127 the emperor's world will come crashing down with invasions from the north.  Today we begin our look at this emperor.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Featured in CHP-071, China's answer to Leonardo da Vinci.  Once a reformer, later conservative. Zhao Kuangyin赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder, also known by his temple name Taizu 太祖。 Han 汉 Han Dynasty Jin 晋 Jin Dynasty Sui 隋 Sui Dynasty Tang 唐 Tang Dynasty Kaifeng 开封 in Henan, Capital of the Northern Song Lin'an 临安 Near Hangzhou Yuan 元朝 The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Taizu 太祖 Temple name of Zhao Kuangyin, Song founder Taizong  太宗 2nd Song emperor Zhenzong  真宗 3rd Song emperor Renzong 仁宗 4th Song emperor Yingzong 英宗 5th Song emperor Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong Wujing Zongyao 武警总要 Collection of the Most Important Military Techniques, written 1044, explained gunpowder for the 1st time Wang Anshi  王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor Fan Zhongyan  范仲淹 Early Reformer of the Song Su Dongpo  苏东坡 Also known as 苏轼, great politician and local Hangzhou hometown hero. Empress Dowager Gao 高太后 Empress to the Yingzong emperor Sima Guang 司马光 Song historian and politician known for his conservative bent Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong   Consort Chen 陈皇后 Consort of Shenzong, birth mother of Huizong Zhao Xu 赵頊 The Shenzong emperor given name (1st tone Xu) Zhao Xu 赵煦 The Zhezong emperor given name (4th tone Xu) Zhao Ji 赵佶 Huizong's given name Chang'an 长安 Near modern day Xian, ancient capital of the Tang Bian River 卞河 River in Kaifeng Qianlong  乾隆 Qing dynasty emperor who took several tours of China Li Jie 李誡 China's greatest architect of ancient time, author of the 营造法式 Yingzao Fashi Sunzi 孙子 Wrote the Art of War Yingzao Fashi 营造法式 The Song work: Treatise on Architectural Methods. Also known as the State Building Standards. Prince of Duan  端王 Title of Huizong prior to becoming emperor Wang Shen 王诜 Considered one of China's greatest landscape painters. Had early influence on young Huizong's love of art and lit. Consort Liu 刘皇后 Consort of Zhezong Prince of Shen 申王 9th son of Shenzong, also known as Bi, the one with weak eyes. Bi 赵佖 Older brother of Huizong, the one who had bad eyes Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign.  One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian. Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher. Wu 赵俣 Zhao Wu, younger brother to Huizong Si 赵似 Zhao Si, younger brother to Huizong Ssi 赵偲 Zhao Ssi, younger brother to Huizong (spelled with 2 "s" to differentiate from Zhao Si) Cixi 慈禧 Cixi Taihou, a.k.a. Empress Dowager Tzu-Hsi Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor. Zhang Dun 章惇 Chancellor before Cai Jing Liang Congzheng 梁从政 The chief eunuch when Huizong ascended the throne. Gong County 巩县 Former name of Gongyi, where the Song tombs are Gongyi 巩义 City where the ancient Song tombs are located Han Zhongyan 韩忠彦 Senior chancellor during Huizong's reign Liu Hunkang 劉混康  Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108 Gaige Kaifang 改革开放 Reform and opening up to the world, a policy instituted by Deng Xiaoping in the 80's.    

History
Published: March 20, 2014, 11:15 p.m.

CHP-131-Morris Two-Gun Cohen Part 2

We're going to finish off the last 45 years of Morris Two-Gun Cohen's life in this extra-long episode.  With Sun Yat-sen now gone, Morris Cohen worked hard to reinvent himself and remain relevant in the world of the Chinese business and politics. Morris will hit some highs and lows in this episode as he tried to leverage his past association with Sun and his obvious loyalty to the KMT into an ongoing and lucrative career.  As you'll see in this episode, the road was hardly a smooth one. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Song Ailing 宋蔼龄 Eldest Song sister, married to H.H. Kung Song Qingling 宋庆龄 Madame Sun Yat-sen, lifelong benefactor to Morris Cohen H.H. Kung 孔祥熙 Husband of Song Ailing. Lifetime KMT stalwart. Economic and Finance guru for the party in the 30's and 40's. Sheng-Gang Dabagong 省港大罢工  The Guangzhou Hong Kong Strike T.V. Soong 宋子文 Brother of Soong Sisters. One of the biggest heavyweights of the late Republican era Eugene Chen Youren 陈友仁 Eugene Chen Known as Sun Yat-sen's foreign minister Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek Sun Fo 孙佛 Son of Sun Yat-sen, also known as Sun Ke 孙科 Hu Hanmin 胡汉民 Close ally of Sun Yat-sen, first supporter, then lifetime political foe of Chiang Kai-shek. C.C. Wu 伍朝樞 Chiang Kai-shek's foreign minister and later a minister to the US.  Son of Wu Tingfang. Wu Tingfang 伍廷芳 Official during last years of Qing. Later a top diplomat in the Nationalist government. Wellington Koo 顾维钧 Longtime diplomat and KMT stalwart Li Jishen 李济深 Military strongman based in Guangzhou. Had a falling out with Chiang Kai-shek and stayed in China after 1949 Chen Jitang 陈济棠 Governed Guangdong province from 1929-1936. Another of Morris's paymasters. Nan Tianwang 南天王 Celestial King of the South, Chen Jitang's nickname down in Guangdong. Wu Tiecheng 武铁成 Another KMT heavy.  Served as mayor of Shanghai and later high up in the post 1949 KMT. Another paymaster to Morris. Xianbing Dui 宪兵队 The dreaded Japanese Kempeitai Shuangqiang Ma Kun 双枪马坤 Two-Gun Morris Cohen

History
Published: March 2, 2014, 10:35 p.m.

CHP-130-Morris Two-Gun Cohen Part 1

Today I wanted to introduce a sort of lovable rogue who haunted the hotel lobbies of Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, London and Edmonton.  Today's subject was by no means a historic figure.  In fact, I don't think you can even call him a bit player.  Nonetheless, Morris Abraham Cohen had a China story that deserves a telling.   Today's episode will look at his early life, how he ended up in Canada and how he got hooked up with the local Chinese Canadians.  We'll get as far as the death of Sun Yat-sen in early 1925.  We'll finish up next time with Morris Cohen's life after Dr. Sun.  I mainly used Daniel S. Levy's superb biography: Two-Gun Cohen, A Biography.  Here's the amazon link: http://amzn.to/1fijARM TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Ma Kun 马坤 Morris Cohen's Chinese name Tongmenghui 同盟会 Sun's Political Party, later became KMT Puyi 溥仪 Last Emperor of the Qing dyansty Song Qingling  宋庆龄 Madame Sun Yat-sen, Soong Ch'ing-ling Guo Fu  国父 Father of the Country, Sun Yat-sen Fuguan  副官  Body guard, aide-de-camp    

History
Published: Feb. 23, 2014, 3:53 p.m.

CHP-129-The Incident at Xuanwu Gate

In this episode we revisit the founding of the Tang Dynasty and focus in on the events leading up to, during and right after the Incident at Xuanwu Gate.  This slice of historic theater took place on July 2, 626.  It resulted in the victory of Li Shimin over his two brothers.  Not long afterwards Li Shimin was promoted by his father to the emperorship and reigned as Tang Taizong.   TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE   Chang’an 长安  Ancient capital of  the Tang and other dynasties.  Located in present day Xian Xuanwu men zhi biàn 玄武门之变 The Incident at Xuanwu Gate Zizhi Tongjian 资治通鉴  The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government Sima Qian 司马迁  Considered China’s greatest ancient historian, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian (the 史记) Sima Guang 司马光  Credited with compiling the The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Song dynasty official and all-around universal man featured in CHP-071. Wang Anshi 王安石 Early Song Dynasty official responsible for instituting some major reforms Tang Huiyao 唐会要 The Institurtional History of the Tang, written by Wang Pu Zhao Kuangyin  赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder, The Taizu Emperor Wang Pu 王浦 Credited with the writing of the Tang Huiyao Tang Shu  唐书 The (Old) Book of Tang Xin Tang Shu 新唐书 The New Book of Tang Tong Dian 通典  The Comprehensive Statutes Li Shimin  李世民 Known as The emperor Tang Taizong 唐太宗, as well as the Prince of Qin and the Duke of Dunhuang Li Yuan  李渊  Known as the emperor Tang Gaozu 唐高祖 Li Jiancheng  李建成 The Crown Prince also known as the Duke of Longxi Li Yuanji  李元吉  Youngest son of Li Yuan, also known as the Prince of Qi Li Zhiyun 李志云 Son of Li Yuan from one of his concubines Taiyuan  太原 Capital of Shanxi Province and power base of the Li Tang clan. Niangzijun  娘子军 The Army of Women, let by the Princess Pingyang Pingyang Gongzhu  平阳公主  The daughter of Li Yuan, a great military leader. Sui Yangdi  隋炀帝 The Sui Emperor Yang Li Hu  李虎 Grandfather of Li Yuan Bazhuguo  八柱国 The Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Yuwen Tai  宇文泰  Founder of the Western Wei Dynasty Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasty Period. Li Xi  李熙 Grandfather of Li Hu Li Tianxi  李天锡 Father of Li Hu Li Song  李嵩 Founder of the Western Liang (西凉) Longxi  陇西  Place in easternmost Gansu Province Tuoba  拓拔 Clan name for many Xianbei people.  The Tuoba’s founded the Northern Wei Dynasty Liu Bang  刘邦 Founder of the Han Dynasty (Han Gaozu 汉高祖) Wu Zetian  武则天  Concubine of Tang Taizong, wife of Tang Gaozong and later empresss of China. Daixian  代县 Located in present day Shanxi province Wude  武德 The Era name of the Tang Gaozu emperor Liu Heita  刘黑闼  Sui rebel general, served under Li Mi and Wang Shichong (see below). Dou Jiande  窦建德  Sui rebel general and enemy of the Tang Wang Shichong  王世充  First a Sui general, then helped bring Emperor Yang down.  Later defeated the other rebel leader Li Mi (see below) Xue Ju  薛举  One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui Li Mi  李密  One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui.  Yuwen Huaji  宇文化及  General during the Sui, later led a coup against Emperor Yang and delivered the death blow. Jiangdu 江都  District of Yangzhou Yangzhou  扬州 City in Jiangsu Jiangsu 江苏  Rich province in eastern China. Zhangsun Wuji 长孙无忌  Served as a chancellor during the time of Taizong and Gaozong. Yuchi Jingde  尉迟敬德 Later became the Door God (门神), close ally of Taizong, he fired the arrow that killed Li Yuanji. Fang Xuanling  房玄龄  Served together Du Ruhui (see below) as chancellor Du Ruhui  杜如晦  Chancellor during the reign of Taizong, one of the best it’s said. Gao Shilian 高士廉  Uncle of Taizong’s wife (Lady Dou), also a high ranking official during his reign. Gengshen  庚申 A day in the Chinese calendar Zhang Jieyu  张婕妤  Official during time of Tang Gaozu and Taizong Pei Ji 裴寂  Official during Sui and Tang Dynaties, served Tang Gaozu and Taizong. Xiao Yu  蕭瑀 Ally of Tang Gaozu and Taizong, later a high ranking official Chen Shuda  陈叔达  Ally of Tang Taizong, later became his chancellor            

History
Published: Jan. 19, 2014, 9:29 p.m.

CHP-128-The History of American Chinese Cuisine

After a record-breaking pause in the action Laszlo is back with one last episode to finish off 2013.  This time we look at the interesting and amusing history of Chinese cuisine in America, an oft requested topic here at the China History Podcast.  This is a history that goes hand in hand with the earliest Chinese immigration to the US.  If you’re interested to learn more on the subject check out Andrew Coe and Jennifer 8 Lee’s books.  The links to amazon are below: Andrew Coe – “Chop Suey”  http://amzn.to/1h99KCp Jennifer 8. Lee – “The Fortune Cookie Chronicles”  http://amzn.to/1elXxph

History
Published: Dec. 30, 2013, 7:05 p.m.

CHP-127-The Birth of US-China Relations

In this episode we take a look at the circumstances and times when the brand spanking new nation of the USA came a calling to China for the very first time.  The so-called “Most Important Relationship in the World” had very humble origins indeed.  When representatives of the United States first arrived in Canton in August 1783 they really had a lot of explaining to do about who they were and where they came from.  Repeatedly they had to explain to the Chinese who interacted with them that they weren’t British. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE  Qianlong 乾隆  The Qing emperor who reigned 1735-1796 Guangzhou 广州  Canton Wujing 五经  The Five Classics Sishu  四书 The Four Books Zhong-Mei guanxi 中美关系  China – US Relations Lao Mei 老美 a term for America or Americans…not particularly a polite way to say it Lao Zhong 老中 I never heard this used before…but the counterpart of Lao Mei Jin Sha 金沙 Cumshaw. A bribe given in the form of a gift (means gold sand or gold dust) Wuyi Cha 武夷茶  Bohea Tea  A popular type of tea export back in the day Xichun Cha 熙春茶  Hyson Tea Another popular type of tea export back in the day. Bupingdeng tiaoyue  不平等条约 Unequal Treaty Qiying  耆英 Known as “Keying”, a Manchu noble who signed many Unequal Treaties Wangxia Tiaoyue  望夏条约  The Treaty of Wangxia July 3, 1844 Guanyin Tang  观音堂  The Temple in Macao where the Treaty of Wangxia was signed Puji Chanyuan  普及禅院  The former name of this temple Da-Qing  大清  The name of the Qing Empire…means Great Qing Jean Baptiste Du Halde, writer of the The General History of China http://www.archive.org/stream/generalhistoryof01duha#page/n0/mode/2up

History
Published: Nov. 27, 2013, 8:47 a.m.

CHP-126-Yelü Abaoji

This week we look at the Khitan people of the steppes.  These people came from the lands in between Manchuria and Mongolia.  Their most famous son was Yelü Abaoji who took his people to great heights in the early 10th century.  His Liao Dynasty in the north of present day China ran concurrently with the continue reading >>

History
Published: Nov. 4, 2013, 3:59 a.m.

CHP-125-Zhuge Liang

In this episode we explore the life and times of Zhuge Liang (181-234 AD).  He’s a very good example of a well-known name from Chinese history that many have heard of but aren’t quite sure why.  He lived during the Eastern Han and Three Kingdoms periods.  Zhuge Liang is mostly remembered for his cleverness and continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 20, 2013, 10:02 p.m.

CHP-124-Sir Y.K. Pao

Today after a month-long break the CHP is back with another episode.  This time we look at the life and times of Sir Y.K. Pao.  In telling the story of Sir Yue-kong Pao (Bao Yugang in Mandarin) we can also relive the periods in China and Hong Kong during the 1960′s, 70′s and into the continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 9, 2013, 2:15 p.m.

CHP-123-The History of the Chinese in Mexico

After the longest delay in between CHP episodes ever, we resume our Chinese history voyage. This time we look at a topic that isn’t particularly well-known but offers a glimpse of one sliver of the Chinese diaspora that began once the Qing Dynasty began to fall on hard times.    The story of the Chinese continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 3, 2013, 11:27 p.m.

CHP-122-The Chinese Civil War Part 4

In this part 4 episode we conclude our overview of the Chinese Civil War.  After the Pingjin Campaign ended in January of 1949 it was time for the Communists to finish off what they started.  Victory was imminent but by no means would it be easy and simple.  The PLA forces dramatically crossed the Yangzi continue reading >>

History
Published: Aug. 5, 2013, 11:14 p.m.

CHP-121-The Chinese Civil War Part 3

This episode mainly covers the year 1948 and the three great campaigns that sealed Chiang Kai-shek’s fate on the Chinese mainland.  The focus will be on the Liaoshen, Huaihai and Pingjin Campaigns that not only grabbed all of north China and Manchuria for the Communists but the heartland and everything north of the Yangzi River continue reading >>

History
Published: July 15, 2013, 3:55 a.m.

CHP-120-The Chinese Civil War Part 2

This week’s episode focuses mainly on the year 1947.  The Americans have now left and the NRA and PLA attack each other with all they got.  The years starts out well for the Nationalists as they pummel the PLA in Manchuria and in the north.  But once the summer offensive begins, it’s a steady continue reading >>

History
Published: June 30, 2013, 2:09 p.m.

CHP-119-The Chinese Civil War Part 1

  In this week’s episode we begin a multi-part series covering the Chinese Civil War from 1945 to 1949.  In China this is known as the War of Liberation.  In this Part 1 we will look at the background leading up to the war as well as failed attempts by the Americans in 1945-1946 to continue reading >>

History
Published: June 10, 2013, 2:25 p.m.

CHP-118-John Service Part 4

In this episode we will conclude our overview of the life and times of John Stewart Service.  Ambassador Hurley has declared war against his detractors.  US-China policy is thrown for a loop as the two contenders for power vie for control of the agenda.  Already the CCP and KMT are facing off militarily in some continue reading >>

History
Published: May 19, 2013, 8:09 p.m.

CHP-117-John Service Part 3

This week’s episode runs way into overtime but at least we’re getting through to the end of 1944.  The Dixie Mission is in full swing by the end of that year.  John Service has established himself in Washington circles as one of the most informed and dynamic China hands.  But there are those who don’t continue reading >>

History
Published: May 7, 2013, 5:56 p.m.

CHP-116-John Service Part 2

In this second episode covering the life of John S. Service we take a look at the general situation and the proliferation of mistrust and bad faith in wartime Chongqing.  Chiang Kai-shek remains baffled and frustrated with American efforts to cozy up to Mao. He blames the China Hands such as John Service for feeding continue reading >>

History
Published: April 22, 2013, 10:09 p.m.

CHP-115-John Service Part 1

This week we explore the life and times of John S. Service.  I’m using writer Lynne Joiner’s book Honorable Survivor, Mao’s China, McCarthy’s America and the Persecution of John S. Service. This original “China Hand” was born in China and grew up in Chengdu and Shanghai.  He went on to a brilliant career in the continue reading >>

History
Published: April 9, 2013, 5:38 p.m.

CHP-114-Shang Oracle Bones

This episode takes a slightly deeper look at the Shang Dynasty and their signature achievement, the oracle bone script.  Some of this episode will be a repeat of things covered in CHP-015.  Like the oldest parts of the oldest world civilizations a lot of what we “know” is the collective guesswork of the best minds continue reading >>

History
Published: March 28, 2013, 10:18 p.m.

CHP-113-Dr. Norman Bethune

This week we look at the Canadian and international hero Dr. Norman Bethune.  Bethune is a staple among noted western friends and advisors who came to China in 1938 to help the Communists and the people in their struggle against the Japanese.  He was not only a great friend of China, but a gifted and continue reading >>

History
Published: March 15, 2013, 12:11 a.m.

CHP-112-The Kaifeng Jews

This week we look at a topic many have heard about but aren’t familiar with the details.   We look at the early origins of the Jewish people in China and the time of the settlement in Kaifeng, Henan.  Although you’d be hard pressed to find a minyan amongst the native Jews in Kaifeng today, continue reading >>

History
Published: March 2, 2013, 1:59 p.m.

CHP-111-The Wu State

This week we delve back into the mists of ancient times to look at the State of Wu from the Spring & Autumn Period.  Although they didn’t last long, the Wu State had a major impact on the development of the culture of the Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Shanghai  region.  There are a few Wu periods in Chinese history. continue reading >>

History
Published: Feb. 19, 2013, 5:57 p.m.

CHP-110-The History of Hong Kong Part 10

In this episode we will conclude our History of Hong Kong overview.  We’ll look at the years following the 1967 riots and the reforms championed by Governor Murray MacLehose in the 1970′s and 80′s.  We’ll close out this series by looking at the dramatic lead up to and the signing of the Joint Declaration, the continue reading >>

History
Published: Feb. 10, 2013, 1:27 a.m.

CHP-109-The History of Hong Kong Part 9

In this week’s episode we look at the year 1967 in Hong Kong.   The words “riots” and “1967″ go hand in hand when talking about Hong Kong history.  Although the events that went down between May and December of 1967 caused death, mayhem and destruction throughout the territory, when it was all over it continue reading >>

History
Published: Jan. 21, 2013, 10:50 a.m.

CHP-108-The History of Hong Kong Part 8

After a bit of a break we pick up after the the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.  The 1950′s was a stressful time for Hong Kong with Britain managing a diplomatic balancing act trying to be a good neighbor to the new PRC and  to their closest ally, the USA.  Thanks to the exodus of continue reading >>

History
Published: Jan. 10, 2013, 4:48 a.m.

CHP-107-The History of Hong Kong Part 7

Jiu yi ba  九一八 9-18, September 18, 1931 Mukden (Shenyang) Incident Wong Nai Chong Gap 黃泥涌峽 Gap on rocky Hong Kong island where one can go from north to south. San nian ling bage yue 三年零八个月 The 3 years and 8 months (of Japanese occupation) Kempeitai 宪兵队 The Japanese Military Police Yingjun Fuwutuan  英军服务团  The British continue reading >>

History
Published: Dec. 24, 2012, 3:21 p.m.

CHP-106-The History of Hong Kong Part 6

In this latest installment of the CHP History of Hong Kong overview we look at the years from Governors Nathan to Peel.  The modern age comes to Kong Kong along with plenty of fallout and spillover from the upheavels going on in China in the 1920′s and 30′s. This was a period when the great continue reading >>

History
Published: Dec. 16, 2012, 12:38 a.m.

CHP-105-The History of Hong Kong-Part 5

In this fifth installent of our Hong Kong history overview we look at the final couple decades of the 19th century.  Hong Kong’s second generation is coming to the fore.  They are a better educated and more sophisticated lot than those Chinese who came before them. This time period saw the governorships of MacDonnell, Kennedy, continue reading >>

History
Published: Dec. 2, 2012, 11:14 p.m.

CHP-104-The History of Hong Kong Part 4

We continue this overview series on the history of Hong Kong.  This time we pick up right after the Treaty of Nanjing and look at the early efforts to get this colony up and running.  The first couple decades of Crown Colony of Hong Kong weren’t easy and many considered throwing in the towel early. continue reading >>

History
Published: Nov. 17, 2012, 9:43 p.m.

CHP-103-The History of Hong Kong Part 3

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Chuanbi Caoyue 穿鼻草约 The Convention of Chuen-pi Nanjing Tiaoyue 南京条约 The Treaty of Nanjing Qishan 琦善 Manchu official and Elliot’s counterpart in negotiations Daoguang Emperor 道光帝 Emperor of China during the Opium Wars Huangpu 黄埔 Port of Whampoa Amoy 厦门 City of Xiamen in Fujian, referred to as Amoy in the old continue reading >>

History
Published: Nov. 9, 2012, 12:42 a.m.

CHP-102-The History of Hong Kong Part 2

In part two of Laszlo’s overview of the history of Hong Kong, we look at the Canton System and the leadup to hostilities that culminated in the Treaty of Nanjing that ceded Hong Kong in perpituity to the British crown.  In this episode we’ll get as far as the Convention of Chuenpi of January 20, continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 27, 2012, 12:25 a.m.

CHP-101-The History of Hong Kong Part 1

Laszlo is back after another long delay.  In this shorter than usual episode, The China History Podcast presents Part 1 of a multi-part series that will explore the history of Hong Kong. In this introductory episode, Laszlo starts at the very beginning and traces Hong Kong from the Devonian Period all the way up the continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 13, 2012, 11:58 p.m.

CHP-099-Sidney Rittenberg

In this episode we introduce American Sidney Rittenberg, 李敦白,known by the title of his 1993 book  as “The Man Who Stayed Behind.”  He arrived in China in his 20′s at the end of WWII and witnessed the Chinese Revolution from a front row seat. When the US pulled out of China after the war, Sidney continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 26, 2012, 5:33 a.m.

CHP-098-Ricci, Schall and Verbiest

In this longer than usual episode, we feature the three giants of the Jesuit China Mission of the 16th and 17th centuries.  In addition to their work in introducing Catholicism to China, these three men, Matteo Ricci, Johann Adam Schall von Bell and Ferdinand Verbiest made a collective contribution to the scholarship of China that continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 17, 2012, 4:45 p.m.

CHP-096-Wang Xizhi

This episode we look at Wang Xizhi, a man of letters who achieved greatness during the Eastern Jin dynasty and is called China’s greatest calligrapher.  His life and achievements will be explored along with the significance of calligraphy in Chinese culture.  We’ll also recall those crazy times in the fourth century AD. TERMS FROM THIS continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 1, 2012, 6:57 p.m.

CHP-095-Yue Fei

Like Guan Yu in the previous episode 081, Yue Fei of the Southern Song Dynasty was a heroic and legendary military man in Chinese history.  He dedicated his life to resisting the aggression of the Jurchens of the Jin dynasty.  The Jurchens had booted the Song dynasty out of northern China in 1127.  Yue Fei continue reading >>

History
Published: Aug. 23, 2012, 10:09 p.m.

CHP-094-Zheng He Part 3

We close out our three part series on the amazing life of Admiral Zheng He and his seven voyages. This time the CHP looks at retired submarine commander Gavin Menzies and his take on what Zheng He achieved.  He makes some wild claims that have been savagely attacked by educated people around the world.  If continue reading >>

History
Published: Aug. 15, 2012, 1:07 p.m.

CHP-093-Zheng He Part 2

We continue on with the voyages of Zheng He.  This time we we look at some of the highlights from all seven voyages.  Then after the Yong Le and Xuan De emperors pass from the scene, no further emperors are interested to put their seal of approval on any more of these pricey expeditions.  With continue reading >>

History
Published: Aug. 8, 2012, 6:53 p.m.

CHP-092-Zheng He Part 1

Laszlo is back after more than two weeks on the lam.  This time we look at part 1 of a series featuring the great adventurer/explorer/diplomat Zheng He.  Zheng He’s seven voyages to India, Persia and the east coast of Africa created a big sensation in the early 15th century. Today Chinese look back with pride continue reading >>

History
Published: July 29, 2012, 2:27 p.m.

CHP-091-Xiang Yu

We’re back in ancient days again, this time the short period in between the Qin and Han Dynasties when two great leaders, Xiang Yu and Liu Bang, contended for the throne left vacant by the deceased first emperor of China, Qin Shihuang.  Xiang Yu has gone down in the annals of Chinese history as one continue reading >>

History
Published: July 11, 2012, 1:54 p.m.

CHP-090-The Cultural Revolution Part 8

In this final episode of the Cultural Revolution overview we look at the events that went down in 1976 as well as the massive mopping up operation that took place after the fall of the Gang of Four. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Babaoshan 八宝山 Cemetery in Beijing reserved for leaders and revolutionary heroes laobaixing 老百姓 continue reading >>

History
Published: July 2, 2012, 2:33 p.m.

CHP-089-The Cultural Revolution Part 7

In this week’s episode we get all the way up to the end of 1975.  With Zhou Enlai ailing and Mao Zedong also not long for the world, there is a sudden urgency to find a successor to the chairman.  Now more than ever the two opposing camps take every measure to defeat the other. continue reading >>

History
Published: June 25, 2012, 3:28 p.m.

CHP-088-The Cultural Revolution Part 6

In this episode we finish off 1969, a year that not only saw internal revolt and anarchy but also saw armed border confrontation with the Soviet Union in the freezing northeast.  Chairman Mao Zedong pulls out all the stops to quell the violence and rebellion that he himself called for at the outset of the continue reading >>

History
Published: June 19, 2012, 5:49 a.m.

CHP-087-The Cultural Revolution Part 5

In the fifth installment of our China History Podcast overview of the Cultural Revolution we look at the milestone events of 1967: The February Countercurrent, 8 Point Program, 10 Point Program and the Wuhan Incident.  Lots of blood and violence during this difficult year in China.  Added to this was no small amount of political, continue reading >>

History
Published: June 13, 2012, 12:20 a.m.

CHP-086-The Cultural Revolution Part 4

The second half of 1966 and into 1967 saw some of the worst excesses of the Cultural Revolution.  In this episode the violence spreads throughout China and anyone with something to hide about their class background is tracked down and forced to endure the most horrible of fates. Mao is liking what he sees and continue reading >>

History
Published: June 4, 2012, 12:22 a.m.

CHP-085-The Cultural Revolution Part 3

In this third episode of Laszlo’s Cultural Revolution Overview we only advance 18 days in August of 1966.  Momentous and shocking events happen one after another, day after day.  With the announcement of the 16 Points, now the Cultural Revolution has a purpose and guidelines to follow.   Today’s episode will show that Mao had continue reading >>

History
Published: May 28, 2012, 11:38 p.m.

CHP-084-The Cultural Revolution Part 2

This week Laszlo takes us up to August 1966 with this Cultural Revolution overview.  After a nine month hiatus down in the Hangzhou, Shanghai and Wuhan, Mao is now back in Beijing and ready to mount his attack on the party leadership and unleash the Cultural Revolution on the entire country. Terms used in this continue reading >>

History
Published: May 21, 2012, 3:39 a.m.

CHP-083-The Cultural Revolution Part 1

By popular demand Laszlo begins to trace the history of the Cultural Revolution.  This week’s episode looks at the events leading up to the moment in 1966 when Mao called for the people to Bombard the Headquarters and to tear down the government. Terms used in this episode: Dazibao 大字报 Big Character Poster Paoda Silingbu continue reading >>

History
Published: May 13, 2012, 6:56 a.m.

CHP-082-The History of China-India Relations

Firstly, Laszlo apologizes in advance for the horrific pronounciation of all terms Hindi.  This week the topic is the history behind Sino-Indian relations.  This is an extremely emotive, complex and sometimes incendiary topic, conveniently encapsulated in an easy to digest half hour episode.  The long history of Chinese-Indian Relations is overwhelmoingly one of peaceful coexistance, continue reading >>

History
Published: April 30, 2012, 5:24 p.m.

CHP-081-Guan Yu

Known by many names, Guan Yu, Guan Gong, Guan Di, this great man of loyalty, integrity and justice lived during the final years of the Eastern Han Dynasty. His oath of brotherhood with Liu Bei and Zhang Fei is the stuff of legends and remembered to this very day. Guan Yu was a historical person continue reading >>

History
Published: April 23, 2012, 12:30 a.m.

CHP-080-Bo Yibo

This week we look at a committed Communist Party leader who played an important role in steering China’s economy and financial system from 1949 to 1966 and during the Deng era.  Like many other leaders of his generatiom, Shanxi-born Bo Yibo suffered terribly during the Cultural Revolution.  Today he is best remembered as one of continue reading >>

History
Published: April 14, 2012, 12:58 a.m.

CHP-079-Carl Crow

This time we look at Missouri-born Carl Crow (1883-1945).  Though pretty much forgotten today, Carl Crow lived an amazing life and was a prolific writer.  From his front row seats to many of the historic events in China between 1911-1937, Crow wrote many books about his observations and opinions.  He has gone down in history continue reading >>

History
Published: April 5, 2012, 2:55 p.m.

CHP-077 The Silk Road – Marco Polo

In this farewell look at the Silk Road, we discuss a few more interesting things and then give the travels and adventures of Marco Polo a once over. Terms used in this episode: Frances Wood: Did Marco Polo Go to China? China Between Empires: Mark Edward Lewis: Book about the Northern & Southern Kingdoms Eastern continue reading >>

History
Published: March 14, 2012, 12:59 a.m.

CHP-076 Buddhism and the Silk Road – Xuanzang

Another fortnight, another China History Podcast. We return to the Silk Road and focus our attention on the monk Xuanzang.  His was an interesting life.  Through looking at Xuanzang you can truly gain a sense of the importance of Buddhism in China, India and almost the entirety of Central Asia. If not for the mechanism continue reading >>

History
Published: March 6, 2012, 3:50 p.m.

CHP-075 Xi Jinping

NOTE: This episode was produced PRIOR to President Xi's accession to the Head of the Party (and everything else). Xi Jinping left U.S. soil last night after taking in the Laker game at Staples Center.  His visit this week went off without a hitch.  Today we look at Xi Jinping’s life in the context of PRC history.  This fifth generation leader is someone who has a rich background not only in Party and military continue reading >>

History
Published: Feb. 20, 2012, 7:32 a.m.

CHP-073-The Early Years of the Silk Road

Laszlo’s back from Germany and after a long delay we pick up where we left off.  In this episode we reacquaint ourselves with the background and early years of the Silk Road.

History
Published: Feb. 12, 2012, 1:32 a.m.

CHP-072 The Hong Kong Triads

The Triads of Hong Kong have an interesting historical past that shaped their development throughout the years.  Today we look at their origins and some of the more important historic events that made them the violent international criminal gangs they are today.

History
Published: Jan. 23, 2012, 5:17 p.m.

CHP-071 Ouyang Xiu

Now that we have Deng Xiaoping out of the way, we’re back looking at random topics throughout the ages.  This week we look at the great Song Dynasty statesman and sage Ouyang Xiu (1007-1072).  In this episode we’ll review aspects of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) and Ouyang Xiu’s place in this amazing age in continue reading >>

History
Published: Jan. 16, 2012, 4:39 a.m.

CHP-070 Deng Xiaoping Part 8

Today we conclude our eight-part overview of Dr. Ezra Vogel’s recent biography of Deng Xiaoping.  In this installment we focus on Deng’s dramatic and brilliant Southern Tour of January-February 1992.

History
Published: Jan. 8, 2012, 4:39 a.m.

CHP-069 Deng Xiaoping Part 7

After a holiday delay, Laszlo is back with the 7th and almost final episode of our overview of Ezra Vogel’s new biography of Deng.  In this episode we look at the meat and potatoes of the Reform years from 1979 to 1989.

History
Published: Dec. 30, 2011, 7:23 p.m.

CHP-068 Deng Xiaoping Part 6

In this sixth installment of the Deng Xiaoping overview we focus in on 1978-1979.  In this episode we see Deng return to power a third time.  Deng immediately throws all his energy into advancing the cause of modernization in China.  The age of reform takes off in earnest. But first he has to deal with continue reading >>

History
Published: Dec. 19, 2011, 4 p.m.

CHP-067 Deng Xiaoping Part 5

This week’s episode looks at the exciting events that all went down in 1976.  Deng Xiaoping is on the defensive thanks to his 1975 policies to revive the nation.  But a concatenation of events will happen starting on January 8 and ending on October 6 that will both  bring Deng back and rock China. But continue reading >>

History
Published: Dec. 15, 2011, 5:35 a.m.

CHP-066 Deng Xiaoping Part 4

After a bit of a delay, this week we look again at Deng Xiaoping and his struggles during the Cultural Revolution Years from 1966 to 1975. Seems we still have a long way to go yet. Be on the lookout in the coming weeks for a possible new iTunes Feed for the China History Podcast.

History
Published: Dec. 3, 2011, 4:54 p.m.

CHP-065 Deng Xiaoping Part 3

Today in Part 3 of our Deng Xiaoping overview we look at The Great One’s life from 1952 after his return from the Southwest Bureau all the way up to the start of the Cultural Revolution.

History
Published: Nov. 23, 2011, 1:32 a.m.

CHP-064 Deng Xiaoping Part 2

This time we continue on with our overview of the great leader Deng Xiaoping.  We pick up in 1937 with the invasion by Japan, the civil war and the founding of the PRC. We examine Deng’s achievements all the way up to 1952, the year he left the Southwest Bureau and returned to Beijing to continue reading >>

History
Published: Nov. 14, 2011, 2:50 a.m.

CHP-063 Deng Xiaoping Part 1

Laszlo is happily back in Cali with a new episode that looks at the early years of Deng Xiaoping.  Most of the narrative is based on passages gleaned from Ezra Vogel’s new biography of The Great One.  Inspired by the events of May Fourth 1919, Deng Xiaoping was a lifelong revolutionary and by the end continue reading >>

History
Published: Nov. 7, 2011, 8:19 p.m.

CHP-062 Four Noted Foreigners Buried at Babaoshan

This time we take a look at four Westerners who committed their lives to the People’s Republic of China.  These four foreigners, Agnes Smedley, Anna Louise Strong, George Hatem and Israel Epstein were all friends of China and were admired by China’s leaders.  Upon their deaths they were given the honor of internment at China’s continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 31, 2011, 2:34 p.m.

CHP-061 The First Twelve Months of the PRC

Today we jump over much of the history of the 1940′s and zero in on the moment when the PRC was officially established on Oct 1, 1949.  Today’s podcast episode offers a general overview of the first year of the PRC and some of the multitude of challenges Mao and China’s new leaders faced.

History
Published: Oct. 17, 2011, 3:05 a.m.

CHP-060 The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors

Before we head back to modern times, we look at the mythological beginnings of the Chinese people and the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors.  This period preceded China’s legendary Xia Dynasty and the beginnings of Chinese recorded history in the Shang.

History
Published: Oct. 7, 2011, 4:34 a.m.

CHP-059 The Duke of Zhou

This week we look at the immortal Zhou Gong, the Duke of Zhou.  If he isn’t the most revered person from Chinese history, he’s certainly in the top three.  He guided the earliest years of the Zhou Dynasty through treacherous times.  Zhou Gong was responsible for building a great amount of the foundation from continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 29, 2011, 3:52 a.m.

CHP-058 Sir Robert Hart

This week’s episode runs a little long as there won’t be anything for the following week.  Today’s episode looks at the life and interesting career of Sir Robert Hart (赫德), an Ulsterman from Northern Ireland. For most of his life he lived in China in the employ of the Zongli Yamen.  Though his official title continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 19, 2011, 5:18 a.m.

CHP-057 Mid-Autumn Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival takes place every year on the 15th day of the 8th month of the Chinese calendar.  This year that date falls on September 12.  The Chinese world will be celebrating the holiday in very much the same way that generations have enjoyed going back to ancient times.  Families will get together and stroll continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 11, 2011, 3:47 a.m.

CHP-056 China and Japan 1895-1945

Thanks to RL in Hefei for the inspiration, this week we take a look at  China and Japan’s difficult history.  We focus on the historical events that led to “2,000 years of friendship and 50 years of confrontation,” as CPCCC member Zhao Qizheng 赵启正 said recently in the People’s Daily.  We look at the background continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 3, 2011, 2:46 a.m.

CHP-055 The Shanghai Massacre 1927

Today we’re back with more history.  We look at the Shanghai Massacre of April 12, 1927.  This was the defining moment when Chiang Kai-shek and his allies and supporters made a bloody break with the Communists.

History
Published: Aug. 30, 2011, 12:46 a.m.

CHP-053 China in the Early 1920s

The 1920′s in Republican era China was anything but quiet and uneventful.  In this episode we focus in on the general situation in China during the period of the early 1920′s.  This was a time when the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) and KMT (Kuomintang) were in the same bed dreaming their different dreams.  It was continue reading >>

History
Published: Aug. 14, 2011, 6:18 p.m.

CHP-052 Daoism Part 3

We close out our little overview of Daoism by looking at the most powerful and popular Daoist deities. In this episode you will meet the Three Pure Ones and the Eight Immortals with a focus on Lu Dongbin and Zhongli Quan.

History
Published: Aug. 8, 2011, 6:18 p.m.

CHP-051 Daoism Part 2

More Daoism this week. We look at Zhuangzi and trace the development of Daoism during the classical age from the Han Dynasty to the Tang

History
Published: July 29, 2011, 6:18 p.m.

CHP-050 Daoism Part 1

In this week’s episode Laszlo tackles Daoism, a philosophy, a religion and way of life that everyone has heard about but not everyone learned the backstory.  This time we look at the history and the times that spawned this most fertile of philosophies. In later episodes we’ll dig a little deeper and look more at continue reading >>

History
Published: July 20, 2011, 6:18 p.m.

CHP-049 Sir Run Run Shaw

Today we have some lighter fare than usual.  Nine months ago we looked at one great Hong Kong tycoon, Li Ka-shing.  Today we look another.  In this episode we look at the life and career of entertainment mogul Sir Run Run Shaw and the Shaw Brothers organization. Born in Ningbo in 1907, along with his continue reading >>

History
Published: July 11, 2011, 6:18 p.m.

CHP-048 The Founding of the CCP

Thanks and 非常感谢 to listener Steaven who alerted me that the July 1st podcast was cut-off two thirds of the way through.  After rallying the entirety of the resources here at the China History Podcast, we were able to resolve the problem and have re-uploaded this episode. Our profoundest apologies.  In commemoration of the festivities continue reading >>

History
Published: July 1, 2011, 6:18 p.m.

CHP-047 Adventurer Zhang Qian

In this episode we look at the life of one of the bravest and greatest adventurers of ancient times.  Zhang Qian was selected by the Han Dynasty Emperor Wu to make a political alliance with a distant central Asian people, the Yuezhi. Zhang Qian’s thirteen year journey to the west between 138 BC and 126 continue reading >>

History
Published: June 22, 2011, 2:38 a.m.

CHP-046 The May 4th Movement

May 4, 1919 was an historic day in modern Chinese history.  The demonstration in Beijing and the subsequent movement brought seismic changes to Chinese culture, politics and literature.  All the leaders of modern China who played a founding role in the establishment of the PRC were influenced by the writings and ideas that grew out continue reading >>

History
Published: June 16, 2011, 2:37 a.m.

CHP-045 The Aftermath of the Xinhai Revolution

The Qing Dynasty formally came to an end on February 12, 1912 when the last emperor Puyi abdicated.  That same year the Republic of China was founded and had a very rocky start.  In today’s episode we look at the immediate aftermath of the Xinhai Revolution and what happened right after Sun Yat-sen handed the continue reading >>

History
Published: June 7, 2011, 2:35 a.m.

CHP-044 The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

In an effort to bring some understanding to the recent proposed call for a resolution to formally acknowledge and express regret for banning Chinese immigration and other violated rights of the Chinese settlers, we examine the history of the Chinese Exclusion Act. The resolution was introduced by L.A.’s very own Rep. Judy Chu, the first continue reading >>

History
Published: May 30, 2011, 2:34 a.m.

CHP-042 Review of the Overviews

非常抱歉大家! Sorry for the few day delay.  In a special collectors edition of the China History Podcast we review the Imperial China overviews of the past eight months.  We’ll quickly review the whole period from 2200 BC to 1912.  You can now follow the China History Podcast on Twitter @LaszloCHP.  Next time I’m late, I continue reading >>

History
Published: May 14, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-041 The Qing Dynasty Part 7

In this episode we conclude our eight month overview of Chinese Imperial history from Yu the Great of the Xia Dynasty to Puyi of the Qing.  After more than half a century of tragedy, upheaval, national humiliation and plenty of mass death and destruction, the Qing dynasty ends in 1912. Now as China takes her continue reading >>

History
Published: May 4, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-040 The Qing Dynasty Part 6

This week we look at China during the Tongzhi Era and part of the reign of Guangxu. This period from 1875 to 1895 is more of the same for China.  More humiliation at the hands of foreigners.  More scrambling to modernize. More imperial skullduggery.  More military defeats. By the time of China’s disastrous defeat after continue reading >>

History
Published: April 25, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-039 The Qing Dynasty Part 5

We’re almost at the end of our Imperial China History Overview.  In this segment of the China History Podcast we look at the continued misfortunes in China during the Xianfeng era, as the country is torn apart by the Taiping and Nian rebellions and revolts in the west.  The western powers, following the 2nd Opium continue reading >>

History
Published: April 18, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-038 The Qing Dynasty Part 4

Here we begin the turbulent, bloody and historically humiliating 19th century in China.  The first half century sees two emperors, Jiaqing and Daoguang stand by helplessly as China is torn apart by uprisings, anti-Manchu discontent, a financial crisis, opium addiction on a massive scale, foreign invasion and the usual deadly floods and other natural disasters.  continue reading >>

History
Published: April 9, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-037 The Qing Dynasty Part 3

In this episode we look at the bittersweet reign of the Qianlong emperor.  The longest reigning emperor in Chinese imperial history, the Qianlong era saw the most splendid three decades for the Manchu’s of the Qing Dynasty.  China reached its greatest territorial extent and was still the marvel of the world.  But during the second continue reading >>

History
Published: March 31, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-036 The Qing Dynasty Part 2

In this episode we examine the Yongzheng emperor, the second of the three great Qing emperors who reigned during the most golden of times for the Manchu dynasty.  A tireless emperor who was a wizard at managing the machine of state, he reigned for only thirteen years before his son later brought the Qing dynasty continue reading >>

History
Published: March 24, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-035 The Qing Dynasty Part 1

In this first episode covering the Qing Dynasty we look at the Shunzhi emperor and his son, the Kangxi emperor.  The 61 year reign of the Kangxi emperor was the longest in imperial Chinese history.  The Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong eras saw the Qing dynasty reach its greatest heights and China was economically the wealthiest continue reading >>

History
Published: March 18, 2011, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-034 The Ming Dynasty Part 4

We finish off our overview of the Ming Dynasty in this episode and also trace the rise of the Manchu’s.  The period from the Jiajing emperor to the tragic suicide of the Chongzhen emperor saw a slow and steady decline in the fortunes of  the Ming dynasty.

History
Published: March 7, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-033 The Ming Dynasty Part 3

In today’s  episode we look at Ming Dynasty China from the reigns of Xuande to Jiajing.  This period in Chinese history was witnessing momentous changes.  The dynasty suffers a terrible debacle in 1449.  Portugal was becoming a regular visitor and sets up down in Macao.  This was also a time when evil self-serving eunuchs spread continue reading >>

History
Published: March 1, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-032 The Ming Dynasty Part 2

In this week’s episode we examine the second great emperor of the Ming Dynasty, the Yongle [Yong - Leh] emperor who reigned 1402-1424.  This tireless emperor waged campaigns against the Mongols in the north, the Vietnamese in the south and sent sailing expeditions throughout Asia, the subcontinent and the east coast of Africa to engage continue reading >>

History
Published: Feb. 21, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-031 The Ming Dynasty Part 1

Laszlo is back, finally, after a longer layoff than expected.  This week we look at the end of the Yuan dynasty and the founding of the Ming Dynasty.  We look at the first emperor Ming Taizu, a.k.a. The Hongwu Emperor.  With the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, once again Chinese are in control of the continue reading >>

History
Published: Feb. 13, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-030 Chinese New Year

This week we take a break from the history to look at the background and the traditions surrounding Chinese New Year.  Laszlo will be back next time to pick up where we left off after the fall of the Song Dynasty.  On behalf of everyone here at the China History Podcast, we wish everyone a continue reading >>

History
Published: Feb. 2, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-029 The Southern Song Dynasty

In this week’s episode Laszlo finishes off the Song Dynasty after the Jin Empire captures the royal family and sacks the capital in Kaifeng.  The Song dynasty continues on with the new capital in the south of China, below the Yangzi River.  Despite perilous times with hostile neighbors to the north, the dynasty enjoys continued continue reading >>

History
Published: Jan. 26, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-028 The Northern Song Dynasty

This week’s episode runs a little longer than usual.  In it we examine the Northern Song Dynasty from 960 to 1127.  This was a precarious time for China. Despite three potentially menacing non-Han empires surrounding them to the north and west, China once again had another magnificent great leap forward of brilliance and innovation.  Together continue reading >>

History
Published: Jan. 19, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-027 Tang Dynasty Part 3 – Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

In today’s final installment covering the history of the great Tang Dynasty, we look at its agonizing decline until 907 when it is pushed aside and another period of disunity sets in.  Five Dynasties reign in the north, all short lived and not spectacular by any means.  In the south, after the Tang falls you continue reading >>

History
Published: Jan. 10, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-026 Tang Dynasty Part 2

Laszlo is back after a holiday illness to continue where we left off in 705 with the passing of Wu Zetian.  After an initial golden age during the Taizong emperor, the Tang will reach new heights of glory under Tang Minghuang a.k.a. the Xuanzong emperor.  The magnificent city of Chang’an is once again the center continue reading >>

History
Published: Jan. 3, 2011, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-025 Tang Dynasty Part 1

As the Sui peters out, Li Yuan, the Duke of Tang, seizes power and establishes the Tang Dynasty in 618.  Along with the Song, the Tang Dynasty is considered the pinnacle of China’s long history.  In culture, art, poetry, painting, ceramics, science, navigation, diplomacy this was a golden age.  Buddhism made even greater inroads into continue reading >>

History
Published: Dec. 9, 2010, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-024 The Sui Dynasty

The demise of the Southern & Northern Dynasties brought us a China unified under the Sui emperors Wen and Yang.  This ephemeral dynasty laid the groundwork for the splendor of the Tang dynasty.  Lasting only 37 years, the Sui Dynasty doesn’t get the limelight enjoyed by the great dynasties of Han, Tang, Song, Ming and continue reading >>

History
Published: Dec. 1, 2010, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-023 The Southern and Northern Kingdoms

The Southern & Northern Dynasties were a collection of dynasties that lasted 170 years and preceded the time of unification under the Sui Dynasty.  North of the Yangzi River you had the Northern Wei, the Northern Qi and the Northern Zhou.  South of the great river reigned the Liu Song, Southern Qi, the Liang and continue reading >>

History
Published: Nov. 24, 2010, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-022 The Three Kingdoms and the Jin Dynasty

This week we are back with more Chinese history.  We will look at a very confusing but exciting time when there was mostly a period of disunity and China was broken up into contending kingdoms.  However this period of chaos brought us some of the richest tales of ancient China filled with amazing battles, events continue reading >>

History
Published: Nov. 16, 2010, 2:18 a.m.

CHP-020 The Han Dynasty Part 3

In this final installment of the Han Dynasty overview we look at the reign of Wang Mang during the short lived Xin Dynasty and the Eastern (or Later) Han Dynasty that followed.  The Eastern Han was a period of endless skullduggery at the imperial court where the palace eunuchs rose to power and meddled endlessly continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 30, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-019 The Han Dynasty Part 2

Today we present the second part of the Western Han Dynasty overview where we will look at the great Han emperors Wendi, Jingdi and perhaps the greatest of them all, Han Wudi.  It was a golden age in Chinese history and saw the first indirect contact between the Roman Empire in the west and Han continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 21, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-018 The Han Dynasty Part 1

In this week’s episode we look at only the first few decades of the Western Han Dynasty.  The Western Han lasted from 202BC to 8AD.  We’ll focus in on the fall of the Qin and the rise of Liu Bang who went on to found the Han Dynasty.  Liu Bang would reign as Emperor Gaozu.  continue reading >>

History
Published: Oct. 13, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-017 The Eastern Zhou Dynasty

In this episode we look at the second phase of the Zhou Dynasty.  This period was known as the Eastern Zhou.  The Eastern Zhou was broken down between the Spring & Autumn Period and the Warring States Period.  It lasted from 770 to 221BC.  From this chaotic period sprang the great works that defined Chinese continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 29, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-016 The Western Zhou Dynasty

Today we take a 走马看花 look at the 790 year Zhou Dynasty, the longest dynasty in Chinese history. In this episode we will particularly focus on the Western Zhou Period which lasted for 275 years.  Next week we will finish the Zhou Dynasty by examining the Eastern Zhou Period.

History
Published: Sept. 23, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-015 The Shang Dynasty

This week in part two of our dynasty overview, we examine the Shang Dynasty 1600 BC to 1046 BC.  Chinese characters make their appearance for the first time.  Artisans cast the most beautiful bronzes. Because of the discovery of archaeological evidence, many consider this China’s first real dynasty.

History
Published: Sept. 15, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-014 The Xia Dynasty

In this episode we commence our Chinese imperial dynasty overview.  It begins today with the Xia Dynasty 夏朝代. According to historiographer Sima Qian, this was the first dynasty of China.  It’s origins and its demise and everything in between have all come from sources written many centuries later.  For this reason and for reasons of continue reading >>

History
Published: Sept. 8, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-013 Li Ka-shing

Li Ka-shing is a Hong Kong billionaire tycoon who has played a great role in not only Hong Kong’s prosperity but in China’s as well.  He is respected not only for his achievements in business and industry but also for his rise from humble beginnings in Chaozhou, China.

History
Published: Sept. 5, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-011 Kang Sheng

Kang Sheng 康生 was a sinister character from modern Chinese history who was both Chairman Mao’s close confidant and creator of China’s Secret Police.

History
Published: Aug. 19, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-009 Nixon’s Visit to China Pt 2

February 1972 “The week that changed the world”.  We pick up where we left off last week with President Nixon’s historic visit to the PRC.

History
Published: Aug. 1, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-008 Nixon’s Visit to China Pt 1

Thirty-eight years ago President Nixon visited Peking, as it was called then, and jump started the normalization of relations between the two great nations of The United States and the People’s Republic of China.  This was a story that played out over three years and culminated in one of the great geopolitical media events of continue reading >>

History
Published: July 28, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-007 Wu Zetian

This week we look at the Tang dynasty Empress Wu Zetian, the only woman from Chinese history to rule China as an emperor in her own name. Chinese names used in this episode: Wu Zetian  武则天  The only empress in China to rule in her own name Wu Zhao 武曌  Wu Zetian’s personal name Taiyuan continue reading >>

History
Published: July 20, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-006 The Opium War

In this week’s episode we give an overview of the First Opium War, one of the most humiliating events in Modern Chinese history.  From this event that culminated in the first of many unequal treaties in 1842, China began a steady downhill slide and suffered a multitude of setbacks and insults from foreign powers eager continue reading >>

History
Published: July 14, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-004 The Great Leap Forward

The Great Leap Forward ( 大跃进) from 1958-1960 caused death and suffering to dozens of millions of people. It sounded like a workable idea but it didn’t turn out like Chairman Mao hoped. When looking back on the life of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward is always viewed as a black mark against his legacy. I welcome you to listen to the podcast and learn all about what happens when central planning goes awry. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Dàyùejìn   大跃进 The Great Leap Forward Rénmín Gōngshè   人民公社 People's Communes Nánníng   南宁 Capital city of Guangxi Province Guǎngxī province 广西    Southern province in China Chéngdū 成都 Capital of Sichuan province Xiàn 县 county Liú Shàoqí 刘少奇    High-ranking government/Party leader, Mao's chief target during Cultural Revolution Tián Jiāyīng 田家英 Secretary to Chairman Mao Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平  Great Chinese leader Zhōu Ēnlái 周恩来 Premier of China 1949-1976 Chén Yūn   陈云 Chinese leader mainly in charge of the economy Chén Yì 陈毅 Chinese military leader and former Shanghai mayor and foreign minister Duō liànhǎo gāng, jiāsù Shèhuìzhûyì jiànshè! 多临钢加速社会主义建设 Make more steel, increase the speed of building Socialism! Shēngchǎn duì 生产队 Production Team Shēngchǎn dàduì   生产大队 Production Brigade nóngmín   农民 peasantry Sānnián dà jīhuǎng   三年大饥荒   Three Year Big Famine Sānnián zìrán zāi hài   三年自然灾害 Three Years of Natural Disasters. Yáng Jìshéng 楊繼繩 Chinese author of the book on the Great Leap "Tombstone" Lúshān Conference 庐山会议 Conference held in July 1959 to discuss the Great Leap Péng Déhuái   彭德怀    Civil War hero and first defense minister Sháoshān   韶山 Birthplace of Mao Zedong Jiāngxī province 江西  Province in the southeast Xiāngtán   湘潭   Large city in Hunan Jǐnggāngshān 井冈山   Mountainous area in Jiangxi where Mao set up his first base of operations in the 1930's Tā gǎn shuō huà   他敢说话 he dared to speak up Lín Biāo   林彪 Defense minister after Peng Dehuai  

History
Published: June 30, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-003 The Four Great Inventions

Today we look at the Four Great Inventions, the 四大发明, that Lord Francis Bacon hailed as having done more than anything else to transform completely the modern world and mark it off from antiquity and the Middle Ages.  The four great inventions were the compass, gunpowder, paper and printing. Terms used in continue reading >>

History
Published: June 24, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

CHP-001 Introductory Episode

A warm welcome to everyone across the world and thank you for listening to the introductory episode of the China History Podcast.  Each week we will bring you a different topic taken from the annals of 5,000 years of Chinese history. We’ll look at the dynasties, historical persons, ancient history, modern history and everything in continue reading >>

History
Published: June 9, 2010, 1:18 a.m.

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